Stimulus package includes biofuels
The $787 billion economic stimulus bill signed into law by President Barack Obama this winter includes several biofuel-related provisions.
Most importantly, the bill contains an expansion of the Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property tax credit, which allows gasoline station owners to claim a 30% tax credit (for up to $30,000) for the cost of installing alternative fuel pumps, such as those that dispense E85.
The National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC) and similar groups applaud the tax credit as a way to help establish new fueling systems. Lack of fueling infrastructure remains the major impediment to using high-level blends of ethanol, says Bernie Punt, chairman of NEVC and general manager of Siouxland Energy.
The stimulus bill also provides:
¡ $150 million for loan guarantees and grants administered under USDA's Business and Industry Guaranteed Loan program to support business opportunities and employment expansion in rural areas, with the loan guarantee portion expected to amount to $2.99 billion.
¡ Funds for leading-edge biofuel production plants—up to $500 million for loan guarantees and $5 million in lending for pilot or demonstration-scale biofuel projects that the Department of Energy (DOE) believes are likely to become commercial technologies and substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
¡ No less than $800 million for a range of DOE biomass-related activities, likely to focus on grants for deployment of advanced biorefineries.
Biofuels Will Be a Factor in Spring Acreage Battle
It's a projection game as to how many acres will be planted to corn this spring, but biofuels demand is sure to play a part in the decisions, says Darrel Good, University of Illinois Extension marketing specialist.
Under current low energy prices and tight margins for ethanol producers, it is believed that the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) will determine the level of biofuels production and, therefore, demand for corn for ethanol, Good says. The standard calls for 10.5 billion gallons of renewable biofuels use in 2009 and 12 billion gallons in 2010, with an increase to 15 billion gallons by 2015.
If the RFS is maintained, there will be large increases in the use of corn for ethanol production during the next two years and beyond, Good says. USDA projects use during the current marketing year at 3.6 billion bushels.
"We would expect use to exceed 4 billion bushels in 2009–10 and to exceed 5 billion bushels by 2015–16,” Good says.
The likely increase in corn use for ethanol, along with a rebound in U.S. corn exports during the 2009–10 marketing year, suggests that 2009 planted corn acreage in the U.S. needs to be maintained at least at the 2008 level.
Cellulosic Ethanol in Florida
Verenium Corporation has chosen Florida to develop and operate a 36-million-gallon-per-year cellulosic ethanol plant that will use biomass crops, such as sorghum, grasses and wood chips, as feedstock.
Lykes Bros. Inc., a multigeneration Florida agri-business, will provide the biomass for the Verenium facility. The facility will be built on a 20,000-acre tract of land owned by Lykes Bros. in Highlands County, Fla.
This plant is the first of many that Verenium anticipates building in the years ahead, according to Carlos A. Riva, the company's president and CEO.
The $300 million commercial facility is an outgrowth of the Farm to Fuel initiative that was developed three years ago by Florida's Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. This initiative is designed to bring together growers, fuel technology companies, lenders and others to produce biofuels from the state's renewable resources.
"The message today is that Florida's agricultural industry can produce fuel crops on a major commercial scale without sacrificing food crops,” says Florida Agriculture and Consumer Services Commissioner Charles Bronson. Verenium was awarded a $7 million grant from the Farm to Fuel initiative.