CCI: Declines in All Midwest States Draw Down Bean Condition Ratings

August 26, 2013 10:38 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn dropped 6.52 points over the past week thanks to declines in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Ohio more than outwieghed a small uptick in Nebraska.

Soybeans saw an even greater decline of nearly 8 points as the major production states of Iowa, Indiana and Illinois slid by more than a point, while other locations saw lesser declines. No Midwest states saw bean conditions improve over the past week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

8/25/13

8/18/13

8/26/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.45
4.38
3.10

Illinois (14.56%)

51.96
53.86

28.72

Indiana (6.56%)

25.45
26.04

14.31

Iowa (17.95%)

58.15
59.76

43.89

Kansas (3.96%)

12.16
12.20
8.08

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.31
5.30

2.43

Michigan (2.72%)

9.79
10.28

6.73

Minnesota (10.87%)

38.15
38.80

33.04

Missouri (2.72%)

8.88
8.94

4.98

Nebraska (12.08%)

44.68
44.44
32.63

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.67
2.66

2.31

N. Dakota (2.49%)

8.20
8.79

5.84

Ohio (4.19%)

17.09
17.26

9.47

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.37
4.21

3.41

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.33
18.63

12.12

Tennessee (0.71%)

3.00
2.98

1.69

Texas (1.8%)

6.38
6.38

6.20

Wisconsin (3.99%)

13.60
13.84

11.24

Corn total

354.61
361.13

243.36

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybean

8/25/13

8/18/13

8/26/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.69
13.81
12.24

Illinois (13.47%)

47.88
49.36

31.66

Indiana (7.83%)

28.80
30.10

20.68

Iowa
(14.86%)

48.00
49.03

41.17

Kansas (4.10%)

12.24
12.20
7.84

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.24
7.27

4.76

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.32
5.29

4.41

Michigan (2.60%)

9.68
10.37

7.60

Minnesota (9.07%)

33.34
34.01

31.75

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.62
10.51
10.47

Missouri (6.47%)

19.26
19.73

11.91

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.64
29.80

21.12

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.29
5.26

5.60

N. Dakota (3.77%)

13.86
14.87

12.77

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.42
26.49

18.97

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.28
17.94

13.31

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.42
8.49

7.29

Soybean total

350.75
358.60

274.31

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: While most of southern Iowa was dry, northern portions of the State received some much-needed rain during the week ending August 25, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Higher than average temperatures coupled with the lack of significant precipitation heightened concerns over soil moisture and crop conditions. Statewide there was an average of 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

A total of 28% of topsoil and 34% of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, both declining 7 percentage points from last week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 35% very short, 37% short, 28% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 26% very short, 40% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus. With 95% of topsoil in the very short and short categories, the Southeast district was the driest in the state.

With nearly all the corn crop silked, 80% of the crop reached the milk stage, trailing the normal 95%. Forty-six percent of the crop has reached the dough stage, well behind the normal 77%. Nine percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, more than two weeks behind normal. Corn condition declined from the previous week, and was rated at 6% very poor, 15% poor, 35% fair, 37% good and 7% excellent. With almost all the soybean crop blooming, pods were being set on 83% of the soybean crop, behind last year's 98% and the normal 95%. Soybean condition declined slightly from last week and was rated 6% very poor, 14% poor, 35% fair, 37% good and 8% excellent.

Illinois: Last week saw a return to more normal temperatures while much of the state remained dry. Statewide temperatures averaged 74.4 degrees, 1.1 degrees above normal. Precipitation across the state averaged 0.34 inches, 0.32 inches below normal. While most of the state remained dry, the Northeast District averaged 1.10 inches of rain with some areas receiving more than 2 inches. The dry conditions across the state continue to have a negative impact on the crop conditions. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture continued to decline and was rated at 17% very short, 52% short, and 31% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 14% very short, 42% short, and 44% adequate.

Corn dough reached 88%, compared to 98% last year and the five-year average of 88%. Corn in the dent stage reached 29%, continuing to lag behind the five-year average of 56%. Corn condition was rated at 3% very poor, 10% poor, 28% fair, 45% good, and 14% excellent.

Soybeans blooming progressed to 94% and soybeans setting pods reached 83%. Soybean condition was rated at 2% very poor, 10% poor, 28% fair, 51% good, and 9% excellent. Pasture conditions continued to decline and were rated at 7% very poor, 16% poor, 35% fair, 37% good, and 5% excellent.

Minnesota: Mostly dry conditions allowed Minnesota farmers to continue small grain harvest during the week ending August 25, 2013 according to the USDA, NASS. Warmer-than-normal temperatures and continued sunny days led to 6.6 days suitable for field work. Statewide average temperatures were 6.7 degrees above normal at 73.5 degrees. An average of 0.31 inch of rain fell statewide, 0.50 inch below normal. The Northwest district was the only region to receive above normal precipitation at 0.90 inch. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels continued to decline and were rated 66 and 56% very short or very short, respectively.

Eighty-five percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the milk stage, compared to the five-year average of 94%. Corn at or beyond the dough stage advanced to 44%, compared with 96% last year and the average of 66%. Corn is 5% dented, two weeks behind normal. Corn conditions were rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 32% fair, 46% good and 10% excellent.

Eight-five percent of soybeans were setting pods, lagging behind last year's 100% and the normal 95%. Soybean conditions declined slightly to 54% good or excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending August 25, 2013, above normal temperatures pushed crop development after three weeks of cool conditions, according to USDA's NASS. The hot, windy weather stressed dryland crops in areas short on moisture Significant rainfall of an inch or more was recorded at midweek over a large area of central and northeastern Nebraska while southern and western areas remained dry. Statewide, producers had 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 16% very short, 36% short, 48% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 26% very short, 40% short, 34% adequate, and 0% surplus.

All corn condition rated 5% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 46% good and 20% excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 81% good or excellent, compared to 76% average. Dryland corn conditions rated 44% good or excellent, compared to 59 average. Corn in dough was 82%, behind 98% last year and 90% average. Corn dented was 29%, well behind 80% last year and 52% average.

Soybean conditions rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 22% fair, 56% good and 16% excellent. Ninety-four percent of the crop was setting pods, near 95% last year and equal to 94% average. Soybeans dropping leaves were 1%, behind 3% last year but equal to 1% average.

Indiana: Topsoil moisture depleted rapidly during the week with only scattered showers occurring across the state, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Irrigation systems were running full force to try to keep up with the lack of rainfall. Some corn fields on light, well drained soils are showing signs of stress because of the dry conditions. Soybeans are in need of a good soaking rain to help with pod fill. Harvest of processing tomatoes and corn silage has begun in a few areas. Pasture and hay conditions are beginning to deteriorate due to the lack of moisture.

There were 6.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Seventy-seven percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 95% last year and 82% for the five-year average. Twenty-two percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 71% last year and 42% for the five-year average. By area, 23% of the corn acreage is in the dent stage in the north, 20% in the central region, and 24% in the south. Corn condition is rated 72% good to excellent compared with 10% last year at this time.

Ninety-eight percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 100% last year and 98% for the 5-year average. Eighty-eight percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 97% last year and 87% for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 67% good to excellent compared with 23% last year.

South Dakota: For the week ending Aug. 25, 2013, hot, dry weather in most areas of the state was causing stress on crops, according to the USDA’s NASS. Dry conditions aided the small grain harvest, but row crops are in need of additional moisture. Major farm activities included harvesting hay, scouting row crops for pests and caring for liv estock. Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 34% short, 53% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 34% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn at the dough stage was 79%, behind 92% last year but ahead of 73% average. Dent was 18%, behind 63% last year and 28% average. Condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 20% fair, 50% good and 18% excellent. Soybeans setting pods were 91%, behind 99% last year and 95% average. Dropping leaves were 2%, behind 24% last year and 9% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 12% poor, 25% fair, 47% good, and 15% excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending August 25, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Scattered showers throughout the state provided much needed moisture to some areas; other areas missed the rainfall and moisture continued to evaporate. Some fields with lighter, sandy soils are beginning to show moisture stress. Crops are still in good condition, although corn and hay are maturing slower than usual. Soybeans are on schedule and look good.


 palmer082413

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