AgDay's Tyne Morgan takes us to the Show-Me state where the heat has pushed this year’s crop to be ready a month early.
Farmers along the Missouri river bottoms know disaster all too well. A farmer n Carroll County, Mo., lost more than 3,000 acres to flooding last year. With sand still replacing soil in many fields, 2011 continues to weigh on their minds.
2012, however, isn’t turning out much better. It’s been a complete 180-degree-turn-around in weather, but the outcome could be similar.
Last spring, hopes were high for this year’s crop. "We had the best stand of corn we've had in years," said Carroll County, Mo., farmer Travis Matthews.
He farms along with his brother Hoss in an area that’s experienced above normal rainfall the past few years. This year, Mother Nature decided to shut off the water all at once.
"Pollination wasn't very good on a lot of the corn crops," Matthews said. So we're just way below normal on rainfall."
It’s more than just no rain that’s causing these crops to shrivel. 2012 has been a year for the record books, including the above average heat that’s scorching the corn.
"The temperatures have been through the roof...106 to 108 for several days in a row," he said.
Matthews said on his good ground, he’ll still raise an average crop. But it’s the poor soil that will cause the whole-farm average yield to plummet.
"In our area, soil type means a lot," Matthews said. "If you've got a good farm with good soil, the corn is hanging on a little bit longer. But if it's very stressful, like sand or gumbo, it got beat up about two or three weeks ago and it's burnt completely up. Over the whole area that we farm, we’re hoping for a 60 bushel average."