Corn for grain production is estimated at 12.4 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and 5 percent below the record high production of 13.1 billion bushels set in 2009. U.S. grain yield for 2010 is estimated at 152.8 bushels per acre. This is down 1.5 bushels from the November forecast and 11.9 bushels below the record high yield of 164.7 bushels per acre set in 2009. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 81.4 million acres, up slightly from the November forecast and up 2 percent from 2009.
Sorghum grain production in 2010 is estimated at 345 million bushels, up 2 percent from the November 1 forecast but 10 percent below 2009. Planted area is estimated at 5.40 million acres, down 19 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain, at 4.81 million acres, is down 13 percent from 2009. Average grain yield, at 71.8 bushels per acre, is down 0.7 bushel from the previous forecast but up 2.4 bushels from last year.
Rice production in 2010 is estimated at a record high 243 million cwt, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 11 percent from 2009. Planted area is estimated at 3.64 million acres, up 16 percent from 2009. Area harvested, at 3.62 million acres, is down slightly from the previous forecast but up 17 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,725 pounds per acre, up 56 pounds from the previous forecast but down 360 pounds from the 2009 yield.
Soybean production in 2010 totaled 3.33 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and down 1 percent from 2009. U.S. production is the second largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 43.5 bushels, 0.4 bushel below the November 1 forecast and 0.5 bushel below last year's record high yield. Harvested area is up slightly from 2009 to a record high 76.6 million acres.
All cotton production is estimated at 18.3 million 480-pound bales, up slightly from last month and up 50 percent from 2009. The U.S. yield is estimated at 821 pounds per acre, up 7 pounds from the December 1 forecast and up 44 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 10.7 million acres, is down 1 percent from December but up 42 percent from last year.