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Farmers, Brewers Await Grain Fate Under FDA Rule

April 26, 2014
Feedlot Holsteins
Farmers and brewers are still waiting to hear a final ruling from the FDA on the use of spent grains in cattle rations.  

Farmers and brewers are still waiting to hear a final ruling from the FDA on the use of spent grains in cattle rations.
By: Josie Sexton, The Coloradoan

FORT COLLINS, Colo. (AP) — After months of panic by brewers and farmers and their representatives in Congress, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced it will amend a rule that, in its initial form, could have cost both industries millions of dollars.

The Food Safety Modernization Act, the largest reform of food safety laws in 70 years, passed through Congress in 2011, and as a result, in late 2013, the FDA proposed a rule to monitor U.S. animal feed production more closely in order to prevent food-borne illnesses such as salmonella.

But in the fine print of the administration's 100-page document, published last October, breweries were included in the new animal feed regulations. The reason? For centuries, they have been donating or selling their "spent" grains, leftover after sugar is extracted from malt during the mashing process, to farmers who use it to feed their cattle.

It's an old tradition of "one local industry helping another local industry," said Chris Thorne, vice president of communications for the Washington-based Beer Institute, which has been working with the FDA to amend the proposal.

"This is the kind of recycling story we want to see continue."

The only reason it couldn't continue, Thorne said, is the cost for a brewery to comply with new FDA standards. In regulating breweries also as animal feed producers, the FDA would require more cleaning, monitoring and sampling of the grain before its transfer to farmers. This would translate to manpower and machinery for a brewery and, on average, an investment of $13.6 million annually, according to a study by the Beer Institute and the American Malting Barley Association.

Both organizations say these costs are unnecessary.

In a letter to the FDA commissioner late last month, Sen. Mark Udall, D-Colo., echoed their sentiment.

"Brewers operate in a highly regulated environment currently which demands sterile practices and inputs..." Udall said in the letter. "... the U.S. Department of Agriculture has decades worth of data that ... does not reveal to my knowledge any evidence that dedicating spent brewers grains for agricultural use has ever compromised food safety to humans or animals."

"The (FDA) had a solution in hand, but they didn't have a problem," Thorne agreed. "The issue is that there would be greater costs, and if you didn't want to pay those costs, if you couldn't absorb them, then you'd probably landfill the grain."

On Thursday, the FDA said it would take another look at the rule and clarify it. It said it considers livestock feed generally safe but wants to ensure brewers' grain is handled properly during transfer from breweries to farms.

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