HRW and SRW Crop Conditions Improve; Harvest Progresses

July 1, 2013 10:30 AM
 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW improved by 4 points from last week, while the SRW CCI improved by 3 points from last week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

6/30/13

6/23/13

7/01/12

Kansas *(36.35%)

99.24
95.61
116.96

Oklahoma (12.35%)

30.38

30.38

37.90

Texas (9.74%)

17.92

17.92

26.28

Colorado (9.19%)

17.55

18.29

30.06

Nebraska (6.52%)

15.90

15.77

24.19

HRW total

244.10

240.01

319.86

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending June 30, 2013, wheat harvest was in full swing until scattered showers across the State’s midsection and up through the Northeast slowed harvest progress, but brought some much-needed moisture to those areas, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Heaviest rains were reported on Thursday night in and around Pottawatomie County. Temperatures continued warmer than normal and were 2 to 6 degrees above normal in most areas and up to 8 degrees warmer in portions of the Southwest. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 17 percent very short, 31 short, 50 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 24 percent very short, 31 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus. The winter wheat crop was turning color on 98 percent of the acreage, behind 100 a year ago and 100 average. Eighty-five percent of the crop was ripe, behind 100 last year and 92 average. The crop was 57 percent harvested, well behind last year’s 99 and 67 average. Condition rated 25 percent very poor, 18 poor, 24 fair, 25 good, and 8 excellent.

Texas: Many areas of the state received scattered showers with isolated reports of more than one inch. Hot dry conditions prevailed and depleted moisture statewide. Small grain harvest continued across the state. While some producers continued to graze cattle on previously damaged wheat acres, others plowed fields and prepared for fall crops.

Oklahoma: Summer heat was experienced most of the week, with a high of 111 at Freedom on Thursday and heat indexes reaching over 100 degrees across the state. Severe wind gusts on Thursday were measured as high as 72 mph by Mesonet, with sustained winds of over 40 mph across northern Oklahoma. Thursday’s wind storm brought rainfall to only isolated locations in the Panhandle and North Central districts. Hot and dry conditions allowed for significant progress in the wheat harvest, and the canola harvest was almost complete by the end of the week. Row crop condition ratings declined slightly as the wind further depleted soil moisture and also negatively affected pasture and grassland. Concerns about grasshoppers continued to be reported. Cooler temperatures arrived on Sunday to end the week. Topsoil moisture conditions declined from the previous week without significant additional moisture, with almost half of the state rated as adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 43 percent adequate and 57 percent short to very short. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Harvest of all small grains made substantial progress. Wheat harvest was 84 percent complete by Sunday, 10 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 30, 2013, above normal temperatures combined with limited rainfall across the western two-thirds of Nebraska to stress spring planted crops and limit pasture growth, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts of up to an inch were common across much of the eastern third of the state. A few southern wheat fields were cut at week’s end with harvest expected to gain momentum in southern counties in the coming days. The start of Panhandle wheat harvest was still at least two weeks away. Statewide, producers had 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 32 short, 58 adequate, and 1 surplus, well above previous year. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies rated 23 percent very short, 35 short, 42 adequate, and 0 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 24 percent very poor, 26 poor, 33 fair, 16 good, and 1 excellent. Wheat turning color was 75 percent, behind 100 last year and 82 average. Wheat ripe was 11 percent, well behind 85 last year and 28 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

6/30/13

6/23/13

7/01/12

Missouri *(7.71%)

29.14

28.14

27.46

Illinois (9.31%)

37.07

35.30

38.32

Ohio (11.31%)

42.98

44.23

51.84

Arkansas (5.65%)

20.86

20.86

18.36

Indiana (5.27%)

20.80

20.59

22.27

North Carolina (8.82%)

31.39

33.06

29.68

Michigan (11.46%)

41.94

41.71

40.48

SRW total

376.59

373.13

363.39

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Another wet week was in store for farmers due to excess rainfalls. The humidity increased as a result of temperatures rising. Farmers were unable to continue working in the field due to the rain. As harvest neared the halfway mark, winter wheat conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 31 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were three days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 30, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. It rained for much of the week throughout the State, providing needed moisture to areas that were too dry, but also causing spot flooding in low lying areas. There were some reports of crop damage to wheat and corn in the northeastern part of the State due to high winds and hail. Most wheat is looking mature and will be ready for the harvest to begin once the weather permits. If there are significant delays in harvesting due to rain in the coming weeks, issues with rot and sprouting may arise.

Michigan: Four days were suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending June 30, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Nearly all areas of the State received some rainfall last week. Upper peninsula and northern lower peninsula rainfall totals over the past 4 weeks remain below average, while the southern lower peninsula remains above average. Ponding continued to be a problem and fields were water logged. Heavy rains Thursday in southern Michigan caused erosion and some crop damage. Given near constant moisture in southern Michigan, disease pressure has the probability to be great. Wheat that lodged due to strong storms remains down. Harvest is still a week or two from beginning.

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