HRW Crop Slides, SRW Conditions Improve

October 28, 2013 10:45 AM
 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop fell 8 points over the past week to 360.23, with Kansas, Oklahoma and Montana leading the decline. The crop is still in much better shape than last year when the crop was rated at 311.57. The CCI for the SRW crop ticked up by 1.6 points and it is near in line with year-ago levels.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

10/27/13

10/20/13

10/28/12

Kansas *(38.58%)

138.49
140.42
117.42

Oklahoma (13.10%)

48.72

49.12

38.78

Texas (8.35%)

28.29

30.46

31.46

Colorado (7.77%)

28.51

27.73

27.66

Nebraska (6.26%)

23.49

23.36

15.71

S. Dakota (6.08%)

22.79

23.40

NA

Montana (10.15%)

34.91

37.75

NA

HRW total

360.23

368.02

311.57

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: The week ending October 27, 2013, had farmer’s enjoying excellent harvest weather across Kansas with no precipitation and cooler than normal temperatures, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were four to ten degrees below normal in the eastern half of the State and warmer in the western half.

Producers were harvesting soybean fields as quickly as they would dry down, with sorghum harvest also progressing rapidly. Remaining corn fields have been slow to dry down. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Winter wheat planted was 94 percent,  near 95 last year and  ahead of  90average.  Emerged was 94 percent,  equal to last year and 72 average.

Texas: Precipitation was mostly concentrated along the coast, in the Blacklands, and in East Texas. While temperatures warmed across much of the state, areas of the Panhandle experienced freezing temperatures at night, and some hail was received in the Cross Timbers. Rainfall improved soil moisture levels across the state. Wheat fields were in good condition across the state as newly seeded crops benefitted from improved soil moisture levels. However, some areas were still in need of additional rainfall. Small grain seeding made good progress, but was slowed by wet conditions in the Blacklands and East Texas.

Oklahoma: Wheat planting was 90% complete, and planting of rye and canola was virtually complete by the end of the week. Some rain fell early in the week, but the heavier rains came on Saturday. The most significant rainfall fell in the Southeast district, averaging just over two inches for the week, while most of the northern half of the state recorded no measurable rainfall. The Panhandle and southwestern Oklahoma received little to no rain to combat the ongoing drought conditions there. Temperatures dropped below freezing over the weekend across northern Oklahoma, but only briefly. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 56% adequate and 43% short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 43% adequate and 57% short to very short. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Wheat and rye were rated mostly in good condition. Wheat planting was 90% complete, and 73% of wheat had emerged by Sunday.

Nebraska: For the week ending October 27, 2013, dry weather throughout the state was welcomed by corn and soybean producers who were busy harvesting their crops. Cooler than average temperatures however, slowed crop dry-down in some areas. Ranchers were moving cattle to winter feeding areas and weaning calves. Statewide, producers had 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 27 short, 64 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 18 percent very short, 37 short, 45 adequate, and 0 surplus. Winter wheat rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 24 fair, 64 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 94 percent, well ahead of 72 last year and 88 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

10/27/13

10/20/13

10/28/12

Missouri *(8.97%)

30.67

30.67

27.60

Illinois (9.91%)

38.35

38.55

34.83

Ohio
(8.80%)

35.55

34.58

44.34

Arkansas (6.45%)

23.61

22.58

20.91

Indiana (5.34%)

20.67

20.40

20.01

North Carolina (9.48%)

34.40

35.16

32.18

Michigan (9.50%)

37.34

37.91

44.23

SRW total

377.42

375.81

376.48

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Precipitation across the state averaged 0.20 inches, 0.40 inches below normal. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated at 20% very short, 40% short, and 40% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 26% very short, 40% short, and 34% adequate. Eighty-nine percent of the wheat crop has been planted and 47% has emerged.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending October 27, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers spent their week harvesting corn and soybeans when possible, but rain delayed harvest activities for both crops. While planting of winter wheat is nearing completion, producers were still planting last week. Early planted winter wheat fields have emerged and are very green. Producers are finishing hay harvesting. Spots in the northern part of the State received light snow

Michigan: Four days were suitable for fieldwork in the week ending October 27, 2013, according to USDA NASS Great Lakes Region. Another wet week slowed progress of the corn harvest and soybean harvest. Winter wheat planting and emergence is on schedule and the first published wheat condition ratings of the season show that eighty-three percent of the crop is in good or excellent condition.


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