HRW Leads Rise in Crop Condition; SRW Up Marginally

November 4, 2013 09:43 AM
 

 

 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop improved by 3.85 points, with the SRW ratings improving marginally from last week.

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

11/03/13

10/27/13

11/04/12

Kansas *(38.58%)

138.87
138.49
117.42

Oklahoma (13.10%)

49.38
48.72

35.32

Texas (8.35%)

27.04
28.29

30.09

Colorado (7.77%)

28.82
28.51

27.02

Nebraska (6.26%)

23.18
23.49

16.03

S. Dakota (6.08%)

23.03
22.79

NA

Montana (10.15%)

38.36
34.91

NA

HRW total

364.08
360.23

304.64

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: The week ending November 3, 2013, harvest progress was hindered by precipitation early in the week across much of southern and eastern Kansas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Many eastern areas received over an inch of rain and some southeastern areas received five inches or more. However, much of western Kansas remained dry. There were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 21 short, 59 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 16 percent very short, 28 short, 53 adequate, and 3 surplus. Winter wheat seeded was 96 percent, near 98 last year and 94 average. Emerged was 86 percent, near 85 last year and ahead of 81 average. Wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 36 fair, 55 good, and 5 excellent, well above last year and above the average.

Texas: Texas continued to receive significant rainfall, with areas of the Blacklands, East Texas, South Central Texas, and the Upper Coast receiving upward of 10 inches of precipitation last week. In addition to filling lakes and po nds, however, the heavy rainfall caused flash flooding, river and stream embankment erosion, and soil erosion in some areas. The Northern High Plains received some snow mixed with rain along with a light freeze. Cooler nighttime temperatures also resulted in some heavy dew in the Panhandle. Soil moisture levels benefitted from continued moisture, as much of the state experienced scattered showers. Producers in the Panhandle saw early seeded irrigated winter wheat emerge. Additional seedings we re delayed by dry conditions. In the Blacklands and South Central Texas, early established small grains were in good condition, but wet conditions delayed further seeding.

Oklahoma: A significant storm system brought rainfall across Oklahoma mid-week. All but one Mesonet station recorded rainfall for the week, though the highest totals were concentrated in northeastern Oklahoma. Porter received 4.67 inches and multiple stations recorded upwards of two inches. While the rainfall put a temporary delay on row crop harvesting in some areas, significant progress was made during the week for all row crops. Sorghum harvest was significantly ahead of normal, while cotton harvest was behind the five-year average. Small grain planting was almost complete and both small grains and canola continued to be rated in mostly good condition as they continued to emerge. Temperatures remained above freezing for most of the state with temperatures averaging in the upper 50s. Topsoil moisture conditions improved somewhat and were rated 64 percent adequate to surplus and 36 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 46 percent adequate and 53 percent short to very short. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Small Wheat and rye were rated mostly in good condition. Wheat planting was 95 percent complete, and 84 percent of wheat had emerged by Sunday, seven points ahead of the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending November 3, 2013, cool, dry conditions across much of the western two-thirds of the State provided producer access to fields, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, grain moisture levels above those safe for storage slowed harvest. Overcast, rainy conditions slowed harvest progress in eastern areas. Statewide, corn harvest was nearing three-fourths complete and soybean harvest was near finished. Millet harvest was slow in western counties as sugarbeet harvest neared completion. Statewide, producers had 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 21 short, 71 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 35 short, 51 adequate, and 0 surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 26 fair, 62 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 97 percent, ahead of 82 last year and 94 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

11/03/13

10/27/13

11/04/12

Missouri *(8.97%)

31.48
30.67

27.52

Illinois (9.91%)

36.37
38.35

35.48

Ohio
(8.80%)

35.37
35.55

43.21

Arkansas (6.45%)

23.61
23.61

19.90

Indiana (5.34%)

20.40
20.67

20.17

North Carolina (9.48%)

35.44
34.40

34.03

Michigan (9.50%)

38.10
37.34

43.54

SRW total

377.74
377.42

376.05

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Widespread rains slowed corn and soybean harvest across the state last week. Statewide precipitation averaged 2.07 inches, 1.26 inches above normal. Temperatures averaged 48.7 degrees, 2.1 degrees below normal. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork. With the rain, topsoil moisture improved dramatically and was rated at 7 percent very short, 23 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also improved and was rated at 11 percent very short, 40 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Ninety-five percent of the wheat crop has been planted and 75 percent has emerged, both of which are ahead of last year and the 5-year average. The winter wheat crop was rated at 2 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated at 6 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending October 20, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Winter wheat planting is progressing as the weather allows, and the timely rains have helped emergence.

Michigan: Four days were suitable for fieldwork in the week ending November 3, 2013, according to USDA NASS Great Lakes Region. Most parts of the state saw freezing weather this week, with temperatures ranging from 66F to 15F statewide. Weekly accumulated rainfall of over 1.5 inches was the norm for most regions of the state. Winter wheat planting concluded with emergence on pace with the average. Despite adverse weather, physical condition ratings of field crops and pastureland are mostly good to excellent.

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