By Todd Kuethe and Jennifer Ifft, University of Illinois
Courtesy of farmdocdaily
The USDA collects a large amount of information directly from farmers and ranchers across the United States. Farmers and ranchers own the majority of the land dedicated to the production of agricultural products, yet a significant portion of our nation's farmland is rented or leased from non-operating landlords. In 2010, the USDA collected detailed information on land tenure, ownership patterns and rental agreements through supplemental questions in the Agricultural Resource Management Survey. The goal was to provide more detailed information on land rental agreements and address important questions about landlord characteristics.
USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey
The annual Agricultural Resource and Management Survey (ARMS) is the USDA's primary source of information on the status of farm finances, production practices, and resource use, as well as the wellbeing of America's farm households. The survey is sponsored jointly by the Economic Research Service (ERS) and the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). It is the only national survey that annually provides observations of field-level farm practices, the economics of the farm operating the field, and the characteristics of farm operators and their households. Farm operations are the primary sampling unit and include all establishments that sold, or normally would have sold, at least $1,000 of agricultural products during the year. More information on the survey is available here.
Do landlords participate in decision making?
One question asked whether landlords participate in "management decisions regarding land use and/or crop/livestock production." According to the survey, very few landlords participate in management decisions. Approximately 93% of respondents across the United States 90% of respondents in Illinois stated that landlords did not participate in such decisions.
Are landlords farmers or retired farmers?
Farmers and ranchers rent in a small share of their land from other farmers, active or retired. Across the United States, farmers reported renting approximately 8.7% of their land from landlords who are actively engaged in farming or retired from farming on average in 2010. In the state of Illinois, the average was 11.6%.
Are landlords related to their tenants?
Similarly, farmers and ranchers rent in a small share of their land from relatives. US operators rent an average of 7.9% of the acres they operate from relatives, and in Illinois, farms rent a greater share of their acreage from relatives, at 13.2%.
Where do landlords live?