RICE: No changes are made on the supply side of the U.S. 2010/11 rice supply and use balance sheets. On the use side, all rice domestic use and residual is estimated at 127.0 million cwt, still a record, but down 2.0 million from last month, but 4.4 million above 2009/10. All of the reduction is in long-grain rice now estimated at a near-record 99.0 million cwt.
Combined medium- and short-grain domestic use is unchanged at 28.0 million cwt. The changes in the 2010/11 domestic use and residual estimates are based largely on the March 1 Rice Stocks report released by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) on March 31. NASS reported all rice stocks on a rough-equivalent basis at nearly 130.0 million cwt, up 17 percent from a year earlier, and above trade expectations.
The all rice 2010/11 export projection is unchanged at 116.0 million cwt; however, the rough-rice export projection is lowered 3.0 million to 39.0 million because of slower-than-expected sales and shipments to markets primarily in Central America. Conversely, the combined milled and brown rice export projection is raised 3.0 million cwt to 77.0 million (on rough-rice basis) due mostly to recent, large food-aid announcements. The 2010/11 long-grain export projection is raised 1.0 million cwt to 79.0 million, while the combined medium- and short-grain export projection is lowered the same amount to 37.0 million. The increase in the long-grain export projection is due mostly to an increase in the non-commercial portion of exports (virtually all long-grain rice) and the reduction in the combined medium- and short-grain export forecast is due to lower-than-expected exports to Taiwan. All rice ending stocks are projected at 54.8 million cwt, 2.0 million above last month, 18.1 million above the previous year, and the largest stocks since 1985/86. Long-grain and combined medium- and short-grain rice stocks are each raised 1.0 million cwt to 43.9 million and 9.4 million, respectively.
The combined medium- and short-grain 2010/11 price range is projected at $16.75 to $17.25 per cwt, up 50 cents on each end of the range from a month ago. The NASS February full-month combined medium- and short-grain rice price is up 60 cents from the February preliminary price. In addition, an unexpectedly large jump in the preliminary March farm price reported by NASS in Agricultural Prices at $20.30 per cwt is up 15 percent from the February full-month price. These two factors are largely responsible for the upward revision. The long-grain price range is projected at $11.05 to $11.55 per cwt, unchanged from last month. The rice by-class prices indicate an all rice season-average farm price for 2010/11 at $12.35 to $12.85 per cwt, up 10 cents per cwt on both ends of the range from a month ago.
Global 2010/11 rice production, imports, and ending stocks are lowered from last month, while consumption is raised slightly. World rice production is reduced 0.8 million tons to 450.7 million based mostly on decreases for Indonesia, Iran, Laos, North Korea, and Sri Lanka, which is partially offset by increases for Brazil and Colombia. Global imports for 2010/11 are lowered 0.8 million tons to 29.2 million due mostly to reductions for Malaysia, Madagascar, the Philippines, and Thailand, which is partially offset by increases for some Sub-Saharan Africa markets. Additionally, global exports are lowered from last month owing to expected declines in shipments from mostly South American markets including Argentina, Peru, and Uruguay. Global consumption is increased slightly based mostly on increases to a number of Sub-Saharan Africa markets. Global ending stocks are projected at 97.1 million tons, down 1.7 million from last month, but an increase of 3.3 million from 2009/10, and the largest stocks since 2002/03. The largest reductions in ending stocks occurred in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand, which are partially offset by an increase for Brazil.