Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: For the week ending March 24, 2013, precipitation was isolated to a few areas in the Northwest and East Central Districts of Kansas while the entire state saw below normal temperatures, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. Kansas wheat producers continued top dressing their crop and spraying for weeds. Livestock producers continued to be challenged with below normal temperatures and freezing precipitation as spring calving progressed. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 30 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture supplies were rated 42 percent very short, 40 percent short, 18 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Producers averaged 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The Kansas winter wheat crop was 5 percent jointed, compared to 33 percent a year ago and 13 percent average. The condition of the crop was rated as 11 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Eighty-one percent of the crop had no wind damage, 14 percent had light wind damage, 4 percent had moderate wind damage, and 1 percent had severe wind damage.
Texas: Temperatures fluctuated across the state with some areas experiencing both unseasonably warm weather and frost conditions last week. Moisture was scarce as well, with very few areas reporting any measurable rainfall. Dry conditions and high winds continued to deplete soil moisture. Winter wheat in the Blacklands and East Texas continued to do well, however dry land small grains across the rest of the state were stressed by lack of moisture. Irrigated fields in the Plains progressed well, where some producers treated for green bugs. The condition of the Texas winter wheat crop was rated as 15 percent very poor, 32 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 18 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Oklahoma: Temperatures were below normal for the week, averaging in the low 40s. Although there were a few warm days early in the week, with a high of 81 degrees in Altus, a cold front the second half of the week resulted in lows into the 20s, to as low as 12 degrees at Kenton. The cold front even brought snow to parts of northern Oklahoma early Sunday morning, but with totals of an inch or less. Precipitation for the week was below normal for March, averaging only two tenths of an inch for the state. A few heavier showers fell in eastern Oklahoma, as high as 1.02 inches recorded at Mt. Herman in McCurtain County. Precipitation for the period since March 1st was only 39 percent of normal for the state. In addition to the lack of moisture, the freezing temperatures put small grains and canola at a risk, as two fifths of wheat and rye were already jointing by the end of the week. Forage and grasses also showed little growth due to the cold temperatures. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. Subsoil moisture conditions were still rated mostly short to very short with 12 percent of the state rated as adequate. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state. Condition ratings for all small grains and canola continued to improve slightly. Wheat, rye and oats were rated mostly good to fair, while canola was rated mostly fair to poor. Progress of small grains was behind normal for all crops. Wheat jointing was 41 percent complete by Sunday, nine points behind the five-year average.The condition of the Oklahoma winter wheat crop was rated as 17 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.
Nebraska: For the month of March 2013, any received precipitation has been welcomed despite the below average temperatures, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 37 percent very short, 42 short, 21 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 68 percent very short, 29 short, 3 adequate, and 0 surplus. There was an average of 1.8 inches of snow throughout the state. Wheat conditions rated 23 percent very poor, 38 poor, 33 fair, 6 good, and 0 excellent.
Colorado: With the exception of isolated areas, a spring storm brought some relief to the dry conditions in Colorado last week. Overall, mountain snowpack is 77 percent of average. Farmers were allowed 5.0 days in the field for spring operations. Seven percent of the winter wheat crop was reported being pastured this week, slightly below the five-year average of 8 percent. Overall crop condition was rated mostly fair to very poor with cold temperatures and dry conditions across parts of the state. Spring barley was 5 percent seeded by the end of the week, behind 5- year average of 15 percent. The condition of the Colorado winter wheat crop was rated as 22 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 12 percent good, and none excellent.