Joe Victor is a Business Development Specialist with Minneapolis Grain Exchange, Inc., where he monitors cash grain activity and cash grain opportunities. He provides marketing advice through this blog.
Grain Days of Supply:
Jan 14, 2010
USDA has released its litany of reports on Tuesday which did include one major surprise. U.S. winter wheat plantings of 37.097 million acres are estimated to be the lowest dating back to the year 1913. There are several reasons for the light plantings which include less than stellar old crop prices (economic) as well as weather related issues. A 14% decline in new winter wheat prices include eastern cornbelt region of the Mississippi River of 1.085 million acres, western cornbelt of 1.248 million acres, south and east regions of 950 thousand and 2.95 million acres in the Plains states of Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado as well as Montana. The bottom line is these acres are expected to compete for corn, soybeans, sorghum and other small grains and can be a whole other story.
When looking at the economics please consider the chart which clearly does show how wheat harvested in 2009 and after all demand is met, grew by 20 days in the most recent month as domestic and export demand continues to be trimmed. At 178 days or 48.8% of an entire year, it’s no wonder why old crop wheat basis (central Illinois) of $1.23 under vs 60 cents under for new crop harvested in the summer of 2010.
Yes as a starch, old crop wheat does compete with corn and yes the corn days supply did grow by 2 but remains low indeed. Allendale Inc does respect the fact that the majority of the corn crop not harvested remains in NE, SD, ND and MN as well as IL. Given this information and quarterly stocks, Allendale Inc does anticipate better corn basis levels for this region and our old crop corn marketing advice remains unchanged. Though the number of days supply for wheat grew considerably the direct opposite for domestic soybeans are provided
As a matter of fact the number of days supply fell by 2 for soybeans vs month earlier levels as pointed out in this Allendale Inc chart and at 27 days is about average. Not average is the international level which measures 69 days, equal to 2005/06 and shy of the record level high of 77 days in 2006/07 and well off the low of 47 days in 1999/2000. This new world estimate is predicated upon a healthy pod fill in South America. Domestic and exported soybeans have been demand driven, not true for U.S. corn or wheat. Allendale Inc, offers trade and hedge recommendations for old and new crop, will unveil the complete grain, livestock, outside markets and weather outlook for 2010 on Jan 22-23, 2010 and would like to see you there.
We welcome your questions and comments.........Joe Victor
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