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Quest for Better Yields

RSS By: Kip Cullers, Farm Journal

Follow Kip Cullers, a Purdy, Mo., farmer known for his bin-busting soybean yields, Farm Journal Field Agronomist Ken Ferrie and Farm Journal Machinery Editor Margy Fischer as they travel to Brazil to learn more about the country's soybean production.

Brazilian Farmer Battles Nematodes with Crop Rotation

Mar 04, 2012

The 10,000 acres of Evandro Peixoto’s farm are in the shadow of a newly opened sugarcane ethanol plant. Named Fazenda Ancora, the farm is located in the state of Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul.

web Brazil soybeans corn ethanol

However, Peixoto is committed to growing his crops in the rotation he thinks is best for the land, and that excludes sugarcane. His daughter, Marjorie, has returned to the family farm business.
web Brazil EvandroMarjorie
He grows two crops every year divided into the following rotations: soybeans followed by corn; soybeans followed by crotalaria; and corn followed by sunflowers.
web BrazilianRainbow
The crotalaria is planted as a control agent for soybean cyst nematodes and lesion nematodes. The cover crop can help control the lesion nematodes by reducing pressure by 75%.
web crotalariaseed
It is harvested for seed, which Peixoto sells to other farmers looking for the same solution.
In mid-February the farm was harvesting its first crop and planting the second crop for the year. That requires many machines in the field, and Peixoto takes an interesting step to help his employees feel a strong sense of ownership in their work.
web Brazil equipment
Every machine has the employee’s name who operates it placed on the equipment. And the newest piece of machinery goes to the newest employee.
The equipment is configured for the environment. It rains every day, so seed hoppers are tarped to protect their contents from any sudden rain showers.
web Brazil plantertarps
Also notice the wide spacing of the depth wheels on the planter.
web Brazil planterDepthWheels
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