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Is All this Rain Making Grain?

June 10, 2014
By: Sara Schafer, Farm Journal Media Business and Crops Editor

Corn planting is complete and 92% of the U.S. crop has emerged, according to USDA’s June 8 Crop Progress and Condition Ratings. Overall, the crop is looking healthy, with 60% rated in good condition and 15% excellent.

Corn Condition Ratings

For soybeans, 87% of this year’s crop is in the ground, which is 6 percentage points above the five-year average. Emergence is also ahead of schedule, with 71% emerged. In the first round of condition ratings, the soybean crop is also in good shape, with 62% rated good and 12% rated excellent.

Soybean Condition Ratings

Spring wheat planting is nearing the end, with 95% planted. Eighty percent of the crop has emerged. This year’s crop is in better shaped compared to a year ago. As of June 8, 62% is rated good and 9% rated excellent. In 2013, only 62% of the crop fit this classification.

Spring Wheat Condition Ratings

Watch AgDay’s Crop Watch to learn more about how this year’s crops are shaping up:

 

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Many areas of the U.S. are receiving much-needed rain. Rain in the southern Corn Belt is boosting soil moisture for summer crops, USDA’s agricultural weather highlights. On the Plains, rain lingers in a few areas, mainly across eastern Kansas. This rainfall event, combined with late-May storminess, has revived rangeland and pastures across the central and southern Plains, as well as improved prospects for summer crops.

In the West, dry weather favors fieldwork and crop development. Hot weather is maintaining heavy irrigation demands from California into the Desert Southwest. Meanwhile, slightly cooler air is overspreading the Northwest, although moisture is still needed for immature winter wheat and rain-fed summer crops.

In the South, showers and thunderstorms stretch from the Mississippi Valley to the western Gulf Coast. Additional batches of showers are located along the southern Atlantic Coast. Southern soil moisture remains mostly favorable for pasture growth and summer crop development.

Looking ahead, a low-pressure system currently centered over the Mid-South will remain the focus for widespread showers. Meanwhile, a strong cold front crossing the northern Plains will push eastward, reaching the Atlantic Seaboard by week’s end. Combined, the two weather disturbances will produce an additional 1 to 3 inches of rain, with locally higher amounts, from the Mississippi Valley to the East Coast.

In addition, rainfall associated with the cold front could reach 1 to 2 inches across portions of the Great Plains. Unusually cool air will trail the late-week cold front, especially across the northern and central Plains and the upper Midwest. Cooler air will also arrive across the Northwest toward week’s end.

The National Weather Service 6- to 10-day outlook for June 15-19 calls for below-normal temperatures in much of the western half of U.S., except across the southern tier of the region. In contrast, warmer-than-normal weather will cover most of the East and Mid-South. Meanwhile, below-normal rainfall from California to the southern High Plains will contrast with wetter-than-normal conditions in the eastern and north-central U.S.

Watch AgDay’s weather forecast for June 10:


 


Related story: Climate Change Creates New Farming Risks

Check your forecast: View your weather conditions down to the field-level with AgWeb's Pinpoint Weather


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