Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Corn planting progressed rapidly in most areas as Iowa’s farmers took full advantage of dry fields early in the week. Corn planting advanced at least 25 percentage points in each district of the state. However, the weather became much cooler and wetter at the end of the week ending planting activities. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared with just 1.8 days the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels improved to 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also improved and is now rated 7 percent very short, 21 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Despite receiving rainfall late in the week, corn planting advanced 41 percentage points and now stands at 50 percent complete, compared with 7 percent at this time last year and the five year average of 32 percent. Five percent of the corn crop has emerged, 10 days ahead of normal. The State’s soybean planting is 3 percent complete with Southeast Iowa leading the way with 12 percent planted.
Illinois: Last week, most of the state experienced cooler temperatures and below normal rainfall compared to previous weeks. Temperatures averaged 54.1 degrees, 2.2 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.46 inches, 0.40 inches below normal. The rainfall was heavier during the weekend, enabling a good amount of fieldwork to be completed during the week, days suitable increased to 4.8 days, compared to 3.9 the previous week. Corn planting progress has reached 79 percent statewide, compared to 10 percent this time last year and a 5-year average of 29 percent. Soybean planting progress is at 13 percent, compared to a 5-year average of 2 percent. The first report of soybeans emergence was received last week.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 29, 2012, good planting progress was made until late in the week when widespread precipitation stopped fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. While precipitation slowed field activities, the moisture was welcome. Corn planted jumped to 44 percent complete with 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Soybean planting was under way with 6 percent complete and the first fields of sorghum had been planted. Accumulated growing degree days are ahead of normal. Corn planting advanced to 44 percent complete, well ahead of last year’s 12 and six days ahead of 23 average. Corn emerged stood at 4 percent compared to 1 last year and average. Soybean planting was 6 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year and 2 average. Temperatures averaged 4 degrees above normal across the state. High temperatures ranged from the mid 90’s in the southern half of Nebraska to lows of 30 in the Central District. The highest levels of precipitation of over one inch fell in the Panhandle, North Central, Central and Southwest Districts. Lesser accumulations fell across the remainder of the state.
Missouri: Warm, dry weather early in the week allowed 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Although spring rains swept across the central districts, statewide topsoil moisture dropped from last week to 2 percent very short, 15 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus. The southeast district (Bootheel) was 15 percent very short, and 49 percent short while the south-central district was 6 percent very short, and 62 percent short. Subsoil moisture was 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus, with the southeast and south central districts decreasing the state average. Ground worked spring tillage was 85 percent, one month ahead of last year and normal (5-year average). Corn planted moved 25 points from last week to 75 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 21 days ahead of normal. Much progress was made in the northwest district, moving 43 points from last week, and the Bootheel was nearing completion. Corn emergence was 37 percent, 12 days ahead of last year, and 13 days ahead of normal. Soybean planting, now present in all districts, was 8 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year and normal. Soybeans began to emerge.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 47.6 degrees, 5.8 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, April 29, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.78 inches, 0.05 inches above normal. There were 29 modified growing degree days, 30 days below normal. Reporters rated 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, April 27, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Temperatures for the State were below normal, while precipitation was slightly above normal for the week. Reporters indicate that field conditions are dryer than usual for this time of year, which has negatively affected germination of planted crops. Growth of hay and wheat fields has slowed down due to lack of rain and cool nights. Other field activities for the week include field application of fertilizers and manure, tilling ground, and corn and soybean planting. As of Sunday April 29th, corn planted for grain was 57 percent complete, compared to 1 percent last year and 20 percent for the five-year average. Corn emerged was at 6 percent, 5 percent ahead of both last year and the five-year average. Sixteen percent of soybeans were planted, 11 percent ahead of the five-year average.
Indiana: Planting of corn and soybeans forged ahead at record paces, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The previous record planting pace was in 2010 when approximately 65 percent of the corn and 17 percent of the soybeans had been planted at this time. Frost continues to be a concern with temperatures dropping as low as 27 degrees during the week in some northern areas. Some winter wheat fields are being destroyed due to frost damage. Alfalfa weevils have emerged early and are prevalent in many fields. Windy conditions made it difficult to spray herbicides during the week. There were 5.3 days suitable for field work during the week. Seventy percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 2 percent last year and 20 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 66 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 73 percent in the central region and 71 percent in the south. Twenty-four percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 0 percent last year and 4 percent for the 5-year average. Twenty-eight percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 0 percent last year and 4 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 27 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 30 percent in the central region and 25 percent in the south.
Minnesota: Farmers planted several acres this past week, despite scattered precipitation across the state, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. For the week ending April 29, corn planting advanced 37 percentage points from the previous week to 48 percent complete, compared to 1 percent last year and 31 percent for the five-year average. Soybean planting was underway with 4 percent complete, compared to 0 percent last year and 4 percent average. Precipitation amounts were below normal across the state. Minimal precipitation was reported in northwestern areas, while an average 0.52 inch was reported in southwestern areas. Statewide, 4.4 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3 percent very short, 17 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus, compared to 4 percent very short, 21 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus the previous week.
South Dakota: At the beginning of last week, farmers were busy planting corn. By the end of the week the arrival of some precipitation slowed planting but helped to improve conditions of crops. There were 4.1 days suitable for field work this past week. Major activities last week included; planting of crops, lining up seed delivery, applying fertilizers and chemicals, caring for livestock, calving and lambing. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. The previous week in South Dakota was a tale of two periods, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Warmer temperatures overspread the state early in the week with most locations reaching the 80’s and lower 90’s. The latter part of the week and weekend produced overcast conditions and additional rainfall. Average temperatures for the week were in the 50’s to low 60’s. These were all 2-12° F above average. The high for the week was 92o F at Oelrichs. The coldest temperature was 28o F at Custer and Milesville. Growing degree days since April 1 continue to run a few days to a week ahead of average. Corn is at 31 percent planted, up 23 percentage points from last week and well ahead of the five-year average of 9 percent.