Who Makes What Where chart - 2011
In the 20 years that Farm Journal has tracked the ag machinery family tree, the only constant has been change. As the industry evolves with introductions, global growth, acquisitions and joint ventures, our table changes right along with it.
Our family tree focuses on tractors above 40 PTO hp and self-propelled machines. This past year was relatively quiet on the heels of 2009’s production reductions and 2008’s wild demand.
Topping the changes in our table is the end of one brand and the reintroduction of another.
Following through on its promise to phase out its orange equipment, AGCO Corporation ended production of all AGCO brand tractors and equipment.
The Versatile brand name is back in the game as its parent company, Buhler Industries, seeks to increase its footprint in the U.S. Since being acquired by Russian company Rostselmash, Buhler reintroduced its line of tractors, expanded the Farm King brand and purchased a self-propelled sprayer line now branded Versatile. The Versatile tractor line is still being made at the Winnipeg, Manitoba, factory that was once a Ford tractor plant.
The other changes in the machinery family tree are not as dramatic but certainly play a role in the dynamics of the industry.
- Case IH and New Holland are making the switch to exclusively use Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT) engines. First used in the companies’ four-wheel-drive tractors in 2006, these engines are now Tier 4 Interim compliant for all high-horsepower tractor models.
- Manufacturing changes for John Deere include a $100 million investment during the next four to five years to modernize its foundry in Waterloo, Iowa, which supports its high-horsepower tractors. The Harvester Works factory in East Moline, Ill., celebrated a milestone this year when the 500,000th combine rolled off the production line. The factory opened in 1910 to produce grain binders, manufactured its first combine in 1927 and built its first self-propelled combine 20 years later.
- Claas of America introduced the all-new 700 Series Lexion combines (and the 670 straw walker model), but this didn’t affect its production procedures. Machines for the U.S. market are delivered as containerized modules to the company’s Omaha, Neb., facility for assembly.
- Kubota launched a new line of compact track loaders, but no major alterations were made to its
production line of compact and utility tractors.
This past year has also brought joint ventures and acquisitions that are making their mark on how and where machines are made before they hit farm country.
McCormick and Landini’s parent company, Argo S.p.A., sold off its 50% share in Laverda harvesting equipment to AGCO Corporation. Argo is now focusing on tractors, and the company reports it will increase research and development for global brands Landini, McCormick and Valpadana. On the AGCO side, this transaction included the German-based Fella-Werke, which makes hay rakes and tedders for the U.S. market.
With a new joint venture, AGCO has acquired a 50% interest in Amity Technology, based in Fargo, N.D. The companies will work together to develop, manufacture and distribute air seeding and tillage equipment; a list of specific models was not available at press time.
As the machinery industry continues to evolve, we’ll continue to track the changes for years to come.