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Economic Sense

RSS By: Matt Bogard, AgWeb.com

Matt's primary interest is in the biotech industry and ag policy.

A Second Stimulus?

Jul 12, 2009

By Matt Bogard

Last February I noted in an AgWeb post that “The evidence indicates that ‘marginal’ tax cuts may lead to increased economic activity and therefore increased tax revenues. It is certainly something to consider for the next stimulus package.”

Now we are starting to hear talk about a 2nd stimulus. But I have not heard anything about reversing the recent tax increases on thousands of farms and small businesses, or reducing capital gains or corporate tax rates. I have yet to hear a discussion from our leaders about how a fiscal spending stimulus will work now when similar policies failed during the great depression under Roosevelt and Hoover (UCLA Press). The first $787 stimulus was passed despite numerous warnings from some of the worlds best and most prominent economists, including Cole & Ohanion,  ( MN Federal Reserve) Prescott,( MN Federal Reserve)  Barro, ( Wall Street Journal) Becker,( Wall Street Journal)  Rizzo, ( Think Markets)  Mankiw, ( New York Times) Sargent, ( Mankiw’s Blog)  and almost 200 ( via CATO Institute) more. When the Michael Jordans and Tiger Woods of the field are stating that the stimulus package flies in the face of over 60 years of macroeconomic research, the supporters of the policy, or the media, or someone needs to be discussing this as a debatable idea.

Current evidence indicates that the first stimulus has not worked as it appears to have had no influence on unemployment - see graph below or link here.



Source here via Greg Mankiw


So now, supporters of a second stimulus have to explain, after the New Deal stimulus spending failed in the 30's, and the first $787 stimulus failed , why do we expect a 3rd stimulus will work? I acknowledge that there is a lag time for stimulus spending, but that only strengthens the argument AGAINST a second spending stimulus. If we have not had enough time for this to work, then we don't know if we truly need a second stimulus or not. If we need more spending now on infrastructure to create more jobs as Pennsylvania Governor Rendell says ( from TheHill.com) , then why didn't we spend more of the $787 billion on things that would create jobs the first time. Some of that money was effective in saving state level layoffs of teachers, policemen, and firefighters, but why not reallocate what’s left of the $787 billion to infrastructure or return it to the people by reversing the recent increase in marginal tax rates? 
 

If we are going to have a second stimulus, we don't need more of the failed policies  that have put us on our current course of double digit unemployment and inflation.  ( i.e. increased taxes, spending, regulation, bailouts, and deficits).



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COMMENTS (10 Comments)

Anonymous
Its been said that the first stimulus package would have gave every TAXPAYING American one million dollars. The key TAXPAYING Americans. If a two income household would have got two million dollars guess what. Banking promblem fixed, auto industry fixed, housing fixed,debt paid down ,problem fixed. I vote for this.
10:19 PM Jul 13th
 
Anonymous
The current recession is far from anything like the Great Depression, when the agricultural contingency actually meant something to the federal goverenment. Anybody can look back and say what was wrong or right, but back then, the government admitted everything they were doing might not be the answer but they needed to try something. I think the same is true to an extent now, no economist knows what the answer is, whether to throw money at problem or to lower taxes. My humble opinion is that World War 2 had more to do with fixing the economy of it's time than did the New Deal, but the New Deal was far better than Hoover's policy of every man for himself, at a time when people were starving. So again, the New Deal was not a failure nor was the Great Depression anything like the recession we're facing today.
11:53 AM Jul 13th
 

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