The Farm CPA
Paul is now part of the fourth generation in America that is involved in farming and hopes the next generation will be involved also. Through his blog he provides analysis and insight to farmer tax questions.
Don't Forget Farm Income Averaging
Feb 16, 2012
With the March 1 farm tax return deadline rapidly approaching, I want to remind our farmers to make sure they actively review their tax return to see if farm income averaging will save them money this year. Farm income averaging allows you to smooth out your income tax liability for the current year if this year's income spikes from the previous three years. Without farm income averaging, a farmer may end up paying tax in a much higher tax bracket than they need to.
For example, let's assume a farmer had exactly zero taxable income for 2008, 2009, and 2010. In 2011, the farmer has taxable income of $270,000. At this level of taxable income, his income tax for the year would be approximately $66,500 and he would be in the 33% tax bracket. With farm income averaging, we could assign between $65,100 and $68,000 of income to 2008, 2009 and 2010. This would soak up the 15% and 10% tax brackets for those years. We then pretend the farmer paid the respective tax for each year and add those taxes to the remaining amount taxed in the current year. This results in all of the taxable income being taxed at either 15% or10% for a total tax of about $37,200. By making this election in 2011, the farmer permanently saves over $28,000 of income tax for the year.
This is a great provisions for farmers, but you must review the return to make sure you or your tax advisor took advantage of it. If you don't; it can cost you a lot of money. The rules can be complicated so you need to review it with your tax advisor.