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March 2012 Archive for Quest for Better Yields

RSS By: Kip Cullers, Farm Journal

Follow Kip Cullers, a Purdy, Mo., farmer known for his bin-busting soybean yields, Farm Journal Field Agronomist Ken Ferrie and Farm Journal Machinery Editor Margy Fischer as they travel to Brazil to learn more about the country's soybean production.

Sugar Cane 50 Days After Planting

Mar 31, 2012

Kip Cullers reports from a sugar cane field in the state of Sao Paulo. This crop was planted 50 days ago, and this farm was the highest yielding in Brazil in 2009.

 

 

Coffee in the State of Sao Paulo

Mar 29, 2012

Kip Cullers reports from two 160-acre irrigated coffee fields. One field is 120 days from harvest, and the other is 30 days from starting harvest. Both fields will be mechanically harvested.

 

Ken Ferrie Gives His Wrap Up Perspective

Mar 05, 2012

The first thing Ken Ferrie might try to explain about his trip to Brazil is the overall size of operation and the volume of grain being produced and moved through the country.

Going into his 5-day trip with Kip Cullers and Farm Journal’s Margy Fischer, Ferrie says he expected to see a system similar to the one of U.S. agriculture. On the production side, the two countries are similar, however, the process of production is quite different.

Hear more about Ferrie’s reflections on the trip, including how he observed technology being adopted.

 

Brazilian Farmer Battles Nematodes with Crop Rotation

Mar 04, 2012

The 10,000 acres of Evandro Peixoto’s farm are in the shadow of a newly opened sugarcane ethanol plant. Named Fazenda Ancora, the farm is located in the state of Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul.

web Brazil soybeans corn ethanol

However, Peixoto is committed to growing his crops in the rotation he thinks is best for the land, and that excludes sugarcane. His daughter, Marjorie, has returned to the family farm business.
web Brazil EvandroMarjorie
He grows two crops every year divided into the following rotations: soybeans followed by corn; soybeans followed by crotalaria; and corn followed by sunflowers.
web BrazilianRainbow
The crotalaria is planted as a control agent for soybean cyst nematodes and lesion nematodes. The cover crop can help control the lesion nematodes by reducing pressure by 75%.
web crotalariaseed
It is harvested for seed, which Peixoto sells to other farmers looking for the same solution.
In mid-February the farm was harvesting its first crop and planting the second crop for the year. That requires many machines in the field, and Peixoto takes an interesting step to help his employees feel a strong sense of ownership in their work.
web Brazil equipment
Every machine has the employee’s name who operates it placed on the equipment. And the newest piece of machinery goes to the newest employee.
The equipment is configured for the environment. It rains every day, so seed hoppers are tarped to protect their contents from any sudden rain showers.
web Brazil plantertarps
Also notice the wide spacing of the depth wheels on the planter.
web Brazil planterDepthWheels

Corn Harvest Progresses in Mato Grosso do Sul

Mar 03, 2012

 

On the farm of Eduardo and Margie Peixoto, the third week of February brought a lot of action in the field.

web BrazilGrainStorage

Combines were harvesting soybeans and corn, and planters were busy planting double crop sorghum.

web KenFerrieBrazilCornField

web Brazil johndeerecombine

Total, they farm almost 9,000 acres, and their daughter, Luiza, works on the farm as an agronomist.

web Brazil harvestandplanting

web Brazil JohnDeereplanter
The field of the video below was a corn-on-corn field, but it was originally planned to be put into soybeans.
web BrazilCornHarvest
web BrazilGrainCart
Luiza explains they changed their cropping rotation to combat the heavy white mold pressures that this field has exhibited.
web BrazilCornHarvest2

Soybean Harvest Under Way and Corn Harvest Starts Soon in Goiás

Mar 02, 2012

We traveled more than 10 miles down a dirt road with soybeans and sugarcane on either side of us and saw emu, foxes, hawks and roadrunners. Then we arrived at our destination, Fazenda Sant’Anna do Lajeado.

This farming business spans more than 60,000 acres, with 43,000 acres of soybeans. The farm employs 45 workers year-round, with more seasonal labor at planting and harvest.
web brazil sprayers
At the central compound, we saw a series of open-air machine sheds and workers washing a sprayer after it had been used in the field. web Brazil valtra shed
web Brazil machine pit
Planters, tractors and fertilizer spreaders are under roof in the sheds, but the tillage, corn heads and some other equipment are stored uncovered.
web Brazil MachineShed
web brazil cornhead
It’s soybean harvest time for this farm, and that means it’s also planting time. Another building houses the farm’s seed and chemicals.
web Brazil shed seed
The sorghum that will be planted for double crop is treated on the farm with insecticide, and then the seed is rebagged.
web Brazil seed corn
Most fertilizer is applied at planting. Outside, there is a series of stacked totes of dry fertilizer that are covered with tarps to protect them from the rain. It will rain here almost every day during the rainy season.
Our visit with farm manager Leonardo Naves Titoto took us into the first corn field of our trip. This one field was 2,500 acres. Corn is planted in 20" rows. web brazil KenFerrie KipCullers corn
Twenty acres had already been harvested for silage, and combines will be in the corn starting in the middle of March. Our yield estimate was 180 bu. per acre.
web Brazil harvest threecombines
Then we traveled to a 1,000-acre field with eight combines running in soybeans. Most of the combines used on this farm are contracted labor for a percentage of the yield, and in the next field we saw the six Massey Ferguson combines they own.
web Brazil soybeans combines
As of the third week of February, this farm was one-third of the way done with harvest.
web Brazil soybeans trucks
At both of these fields, grain carts were used to facilitate harvest, and then either the grain cart or the combine was unloaded into a truck with two trailers totaling up to 45 tons.
web Brazil Harvest trucks
The soybean yields ranged from 40 bu. to 60 bu. All soybeans are defoliated before harvest.
web Brazil Harvest trucks2
The farm experienced abnormal weather the first two weeks of February, with higher temperatures and more rain than average.

web Brazil Harvest soybeans

What Kip Cullers Says U.S. Farmers Should Know about Brazil

Mar 01, 2012

Agriculture is a global industry, but Kip Cullers says farmers should be most concerned about the perception of the American public.

Learn more in this audio report.

 

 


 

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