Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes struck the state on Saturday, April 14. Farmers fear hay growth was affected during the early part of the week after most of the state received a hard freeze. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the past week. The widespread rain improved moisture levels throughout the state. Topsoil moisture levels improved to 6 percent very short, 21 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also improved and is now rated 14 percent very short, 31 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Farmers were able to get some corn planted before this week’s storms. Five percent of Iowa’s corn acreage has been planted compared with 1 percent at this time last year and the five year average of 3 percent.
Illinois: Weather conditions normalized last week with an average statewide temperature of 51.4 degrees, 1 degree above normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.98 inches, 0.09 below normal. The pace of field work increased throughout most of the state with 5.1 days suitable. Many farmers, however, are delaying planting in until after a good rain to improve soil moisture. Frost conditions were reported in parts of the state, but the damage on wheat and emerged corn was mostly mild. Some farmers reported concern about the frost damage to hay conditions. Corn planting progress has reached 41 percent statewide this week, compared to 17 percent last week and 8 percent this time last year. Soybeans planted progress is at 2 percent, and oats planted reached 93 percent.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 15, 2012, strong storms late in the week delayed field activities but increased soil moisture levels, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. High winds, tornados and hail damaged property in parts of the state. However, the general rain was welcome and should aid germination of spring planted crops. Corn planting made little progress during the 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Soil temperatures cooled and ranged from the low 50’s in the west to mid 50’s in the east. In general, temperatures averaged one degree below normal across the northern half of the state, and 1 degree above normal across the south. Highs reached the upper 70’s and lows fell to the mid 20’s in the Panhandle. An inch or more of precipitation was common across the eastern two-thirds of the state with two inches or more reported in portions of eastern and central Nebraska. Amounts were generally less than .5 inch in the Panhandle with some snow reported. Corn was 4 percent planted, ahead of 2 last year and 1 average.
Missouri: The southeast district remained dry, and high winds damaged some crops. The rest of the state was blanked with spring showers and scattered frost, resulting in 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supply was 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus. The central district was 42 percent surplus compared to 5 percent last week. Ground worked spring tillage was 70 percent, 28 days ahead of last year, and 33 days ahead of normal. Due to the mild winter, corn was 39 percent planted, 18 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal. All districts were ahead of last year except the northwest district. As a result, corn emergence was 11 percent, 13 days ahead of last year and normal. Soybean planting began with planting reported in all districts except the central and east-central.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 48.2 degrees, 0.1 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, April 15, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.49 inches, 0.40 inches below normal. There were 41 modified growing degree days, 1 day above normal. Reporters rated 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, April 13, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 2 percent very short, 17 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Temperatures for the State were slightly above normal for the week, with the exception of 2-3 nights below freezing; and precipitation for the State was below normal. Freezing night temperatures recorded throughout the state may negatively impact this year’s apples, peach, and alfalfa hay crops. Other field activities for the week include field application of fertilizers and manure, tilling ground, planting corn and soybeans, and protecting fruit crops from freezing temperatures. As of Sunday April 15th, corn planted for grain was 10 percent complete, compared to 2 percent last week and 1 percent for the five-year average.
Indiana: Farmers made good progress with field preparations and planting most of the week until rain showers arrived in some areas over the weekend, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Many areas experienced frost during the week, but the extent of damage to corn, soybeans, alfalfa, wheat, fruit and berry crops is unknown at this time. Planting of corn is moving at a record pace, well ahead of 2004 when approximately 10% of the acreage had been planted at this time. Farmers have also established a record pace for planting soybeans. There were 5.9 days suitable for field work during the week. Twenty-four percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 2 percent for both last year and the 5-year average. By area, 16 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 26 percent in the central region, and 33 percent in the south. Three percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 0 percent for both last year and the 5-year average. Five percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 0 percent for both last year and the 5-year average.
Minnesota: Planting continued this past week amid cooler temperatures that settled across the region, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. For the week ending April 15, temperatures fell well below freezing across several areas of the state for the first time since early March. Morning lows were reported in the teens and twenties. Active weather moved across the state over the weekend and included thunderstorms, strong winds, snow, and reported tornadoes in localized areas. Average rainfall amounts ranged from .41 inch in northwest areas to 1.72 inches in northeast areas. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 34 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 48 percent short, 34 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Statewide, 5.0 days were rated suitable for fieldwork.