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May 2013 Archive for Machinery Journal

RSS By: Aimee Cope, Farm Journal

The Machinery Journal blog is your place to find the latest machinery updates, industry news, and interesting tid bits.

Avoid the Top Two Mistakes in Baling Hay

May 07, 2013

 AGCO and its experts at Hesston provide the following top tips to get the most out of your baler pass. This includes what haying expert Dean Morrell says are the two top mistakes made:

  1.  Being too anxious. The biggest mistake people make is moving too fast when they start baling.
  2.  Not getting out of the tractor, and checking the baler and the first bales from a field to make sure adjustments are right, so the density and shape of the bales are correct

Operating manuals provide a full rundown on how to set balers to make dense bales that are consistent in size and shape. Here are Morrell’s quick tips for doing the job right:

Set baler pickup tines about 1" off the ground. This helps prevent contaminating the hay with dirt, which raises ash percentages and reduces digestibility. Baler wear and tear caused by picking up stones also is reduced or eliminated.

Set the hay pickup flotation so that the pickup follows the contour of the ground at or just above the tine height setting. If the tines aren’t digging into the dirt, the flotation setting is about right.

Regularly check the hay pickup for bent or broken tines and replace them as necessary. Be sure to stock up on replacement parts before the hay season begins.

Synchronize the field speed and the baler pickup speed so the hay is lifted from the windrow and flows into the bale chamber. Pickup loss is lower when windrows are heavy because the baler is operated at a slower field speed, and there is less contact between the hay and the baler components.

Bale chamber loss, particularly of the valuable leaves, is typically two to three times greater in round balers compared to square balers. To minimize bale chamber losses in round balers, the feed rate should be as high as possible to minimize the number of turns the hay makes within the bale chamber. This can be accomplished by using large windrows and high forward speeds. Since pickup losses are normally lower than chamber losses, it’s usually better to have some pickup loss by driving faster but reducing the amount of time it takes to form the bale.

Monitor bale density. Even if your baler has a density gauge, it is still critical to get out of the cab and "thump" bales to verify that the density is high enough so that bales hold their shape and provide maximum protection from the elements.

Follow drive directional arrows on the baler monitor to make sure hay is fed consistently across the width of the bale chamber so bales have square shoulders. This helps round bales shed moisture, and improves stacking attributes of square bales.

Hay moisture at baling is a critical factor in determining superior hay quality and long storage life. Assessing moisture before baling depends on whether it is stem moisture or moisture from dew. The moisture present from dew will seep through the hay to some degree, while stem moisture will not. When the stem moisture is too high, spoilage can occur. Moisture at baling for large square bales should be no greater than 12 to 15 percent; for round bales, no greater than 16 to 20 percent; and no greater than 18 to 20 percent for small-square bales. The exception to this rule is when hay preservative is applied during baling, which allows hay to be baled with moisture content up to 30%.

To reduce leaf shatter and resulting nutrient losses, avoid baling when hay moisture is too low.

Make sure all operators know how to adjust the baler for top quality.

Keep up to date on regular maintenance. Be sure to visit your local dealer to stock up on pickup tines, common bearings, chain repairs, belts, shear bolts and other common repairs before the hay season starts to minimize downtime from common breakdowns. Dealers usually have a list of recommended parts for on-farm stocking and may offer preseason discounts for parts purchases.For more information visit

Other blog posts regarding Hesston haying tips:

Top Hay Mowing Tips from Hesston 

Top Hay Conditioning Tips from AGCO

Hay Raking Tips From AGCO

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