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Could the N in manure be lower quality?

Feb 23, 2010

Question:
I’m a dairy farmer who uses cattle manure as the nitrogen source for my corn crop. For corn on corn, I knife the manure in the field in the fall and then chisel the cornstalks. In the spring, I make a pass to level the field and then plant. Shortly after the corn comes up, it looks yellow and sickly. Is the nitrogen in my manure any good, and should I really count it in my program?

—Southern Wisconsin


Answer:
The nitrogen in your manure is as good as any other source of nitrogen you can buy. The sickly yellow corn you’re seeing in the field is due to the timing and placement of your nitrogen application.

Neither manure nor banded nitrogen do a good job of paying the carbon penalty in the spring because the manure has to decompose to become available to the corn. You’re applying the nitrogen in a concentrated form, which doesn’t help the breakdown of residue on the surface, and it’s too far away from the small plant.
Once your corn plant gets enough depth of root, it should reach the nitrogen and pick up its color to turn green. But corn can go through a tough period before its roots reach the source of nitrogen. Think about backing up your manure rate. And save some of your nitrogen to apply in a spring surface application or put some of the nitrogen allotment on with your corn planter. Applying nitrogen with the planter will help the corn early on until it can grow to reach the banded manure.

 

We’ve launched this blog as an interactive way for you to have your questions answered by our Farm Journal Agronomists. E-mail your nitrogen, soil fertility, soil density, planter set up, scouting, and other questions to TestPlots@FarmJournal.com.

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COMMENTS (1 Comments)

Anonymous
I would think if he chisels after he knifes it in there should be a decent incorporation. Why back off the rate of Dairy Droppings a little and maybe incorporate about 20 gallons of 28% with his ppi? You agronomists might like the idea of planter fertilization but it IS NOT practical if he has more than 200 acres of corn.
4:14 PM Feb 24th
 

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