No. 1 on the list is what all quality silage should have.
1. Remember Moisture - Quality silage should have an average of 65% moisture, no run off and proper fermentation.
2. Pack, Pack, Pack - Packing density correlates with dry matter loss; pack should be a minimum of 15 lbs. DM/ft?. Use additional tractors and add weight to existing tractors to increase pack.
3. Try Other Packing Tools - Sheeps foot and silage impact packers can help dramatically increase packing density.
4. Consider Pile Direction - Piles that face north receive little to no direct sunlight, resulting in fewer hot spots on the face.
5. Use a Silage Inoculant - Faster fermentation, more retention of nutrients and less shrink.
6. Use Oxygen Barrier Film/Vacuum Film - Provide less air penetration and air pockets resulting in less top spoilage.
7. Seal Edges of Plastic - Use dirt or gravel bags along the edge to avoid airflow underneath plastic, keeping spoilage to a minimum.
8. Treat with Mold Inhibitors - Treat silage surface prior to covering to reduce spoilage.
9. Feed Out - Remove at least six to 12 inches from the entire face daily.
10. Take Advantage of Silage Rakes/De-Facers - Help keep a smooth and tight face.