Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Iowa's planting progress was slowed by persistent rain and thunderstorms that swept through the state. Farmers are looking forward to a stretch of clear weather to help dry out the fields so planting activities can resume. There were 1.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared to 4.3 days the previous week. The days suitable for fieldwork ranged from a low of .8 days in South Central and Southeast Iowa to a high of only 2.3 days in Northwest Iowa. Topsoil moisture levels increased to 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 29 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also increased and is now rated 6 percent very short, 13 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. Even with limited opportunities, farmers managed to advance corn planting 14 percentage points. Corn planting now stands at 64 percent complete, ahead of last year's 52 percent and the five-year average of 58 percent. Northwest Iowa producers lead the way for corn planting with 76 percent complete. Twenty-three percent of the corn crop has emerged, 4 days ahead of normal. Soybean planting was 7 percent complete, equal to last year but behind the five-year average of 11 percent. Southeast and Southwest Iowa are the most advanced with 14 percent of their soybeans planted. Oat planting was nearly complete.
Illinois: Wet conditions slowed planting progress across most of the state last week with an average of 1.5 days suitable for field work, compared to 4.8 the previous week. The state wide average precipitation was 1.82 inches, 0.91 inches above normal. Planted crop progress was aided by the warm and wet conditions, with an average temperature of 68.5 degrees, 10.9 degrees above normal. Some farmers expect to replant corn acres due to oversaturation. Corn planted progress has reached 89 percent statewide, compared to 79 percent the previous week and a 5-year average of 47 percent. Corn emerged jumped to 64 percent, compared to 34 percent last week and a 5-year average of 18 percent. Soybean planting progress is at 21 percent, compared to 13 percent the previous week and a five-year average of 7 percent. Topsoil moisture was rated at 6 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Corn condition is rated at 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 66 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.
Nebraska: For the week ending May 6, 2012, producers made significant planting progress with favorable conditions, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Above normal temperatures and limited precipitation allowed active field work and aided crop development. Corn planted jumped to near three-fourths complete with 25 percent emerged. Soybean planting was 29 percent complete and sorghum planted stood at 7 percent. Wheat jointed was 87 percent with one quarter of the crop headed, 19 days ahead of average. The first cutting of alfalfa continued 3 weeks ahead of average. Temperatures averaged 9 degrees above normal across the state. High temperatures ranged from the mid 90's in the southern half of Nebraska to lows of mid 30's in the Panhandle. The East Central and Southeast Districts averaged over 1 inch of precipitation with other districts near half an inch or less. Corn planting advanced to 74 percent complete, well ahead of last year's 45 and one week ahead of 50 average. Corn emerged stood at 25 percent, well ahead of 3 last year and eight days ahead of 7 average. Soybean planting was 29 percent complete, ahead of 11 last year and 10 average. Soybeans emerged were 3 percent.
Missouri: Spring showers poured down on the western and northern districts, halting fieldwork and reducing the state-wide days suitable for fieldwork to 3.4. Although the dry south-central and southeast districts had nearly a week suitable for fieldwork, inundated by rain, the northeast had no days suitable, and the northcentral district had only 1.5 days suitable. Topsoil moisture supply was 5 percent very short, 12 percent short, 58 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. The northeast district reported 65 percent surplus, but the south-central and southeast districts were over 70 percent short and very short. Ground worked spring tillage was 88 percent, nearly a month ahead of last year and normal (5-year average).Corn planted increased 9 points from last week to 84 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 18 days ahead of normal. Corn emergence was 60 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 17 days ahead of normal. Soybeans planted were 16 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of normal. Soybean emergence was 5 percent, 12 days ahead of last year and normal.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 68.1 degrees, 12.7 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, May 6, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.91 inches, 1.02 inches above normal. There were 116 modified growing degree days, 53 days above normal. Reporters rated 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, May 4, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. Temperatures and precipitation for the State changed noticeably as the week progressed. The week started cool and dry, but warmer weather later in the week brought much needed rain. Reporters still indicated that field conditions were still slightly dryer than usual for this time of year. The large temperature swing placed a slight amount of stress on livestock, but the rain was needed to help germinate newly planted crops. Other field activities for the week include hauling grain and application of fertilizer and herbicide. As of Sunday May 6th, the intended corn crop was 79 percent planted, compared to two percent last year and 33 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 21 percent emerged, compared to one percent last year and eight percent for the five-year average. Thirty-five percent of soybeans were planted, compared to 13 percent for the five-year average. Five percent of soybeans were emerged, three percent ahead of the five-year average.
Indiana: Warm temperatures and much needed rainfall spurred emergence and growth of field crops, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some areas received heavy precipitation leaving standing water in low lying areas. Planting continued but is no longer moving at a record pace. However, planting of corn is approximately 31 days ahead of last year and 24 days ahead of the 5-year average pace. Winter wheat yield potential has been reduced in many fields due to frost and dry conditions in March and April. Some wheat fields have already been destroyed and replanted to corn. The first cutting of hay crops continued with many dairies harvesting the crop as haylage. There were 3.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Eighty-four percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 3 percent last year and 35 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 86 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 83 percent in the central region and 83 percent in the south. Fifty percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 1 percent last year and 12 percent for the 5-year average. Forty-eight percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 0 percent last year and 10 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 52 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 45 percent in the central region and 46 percent in the south.
Minnesota: Spring rain and thunderstorms moved across the state this past week, slowing fieldwork in some areas, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of May 6th, topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 18 percent surplus, compared with 3 percent very short, 17 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus the previous week. Precipitation amounts varied from light rainfall in the northwest portion of the state, up to 5.84 inches in southwestern areas. Statewide, 3.4 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn planting was 73 percent complete, compared to 20 percent last year and 53 percent for the five-year average. Twelve percent of corn was emerged. Land prepared for soybeans was 39 percent complete. Nineteen percent of soybeans were planted, compared to 4 percent planted last year and 13 percent average.
South Dakota: Rain slowed planting progress in some areas of the state as farmers try to finish planting corn. Crops continue to look good with the help of recent rains. There were 3.9 days suitable for field work this past week. Major activities last week included; planting of row crops, lining up seed delivery, weed control, caring for livestock, calving and lambing. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Heavy rains and hail covered several counties in the east central part of the state roughly along a band from Mitchell to Flandreau, causing local flooding and some soil erosion on bare fields, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Precipitation totals had several counties with 4-6 inches of precipitation from this storm. Across the state precipitation was reasonable, though not nearly as heavy. Oelrichs had the least precipitation for the week at 0.14 inch. Madison (in the core of the heavy rain) had the most for the week at 6.28 inches. Despite recent rains, several locations are slightly below average for the growing season. Several are obviously well above average at this point. Corn is at 57 percent planted, up 26 percentage points from last week, with 11 percent emerged.