Possible Yield Scenarios for Corn
Jul 18, 2013
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On the July USDA WASDE report the USDA stayed firm on corn yield at 156.5 bushels an acre. There has been some talk about that yield number being too high due to some hot and dry conditions in some areas during pollination. So, we wanted to see how lower yield numbers would effect the balance sheet. For now we are using the current USDA demand structure, harvested acreage number and beginning stocks.
First off we would like to mention that currently the corn crop at 66% good to excellent and slightly above average so yield reductions may not be necessary if timely rains were to fall in the drier areas. But, we wanted to see what would happen if the rains did not come. So, we will start with a 2 bushel an acre reduction and work our way up to what we see as a worst case scenario 10% or 16 bushel an acre reduction. Here are ending stocks numbers based on lower yield figures while leaving everything else unchanged:
Current USDA Estimate - 156.5 Bu/acre = 1.959 billion bushel ending stocks
154.5 Bu/acre = 1.775 billion bushels
152.5 Bu/acre = 1.597 billion bushels
150.5 Bu/acre = 1.419 billion bushels
148.5 Bu/acre = 1.240 billion bushels - This would represent a 5% reduction in yield
146.5 Bu/acre = 1.062 billion bushels
140.5 Bu/acre = 528 million bushels - This would represent a 10% reduction in yield
So, from these numbers we can see that even a 10 bushel an acre reduction in the national average yield would still result in over a billion bushel carry over given the current USDA balance sheet. If we would see a full 10% reduction in yield ending stocks would cone in slightly over a half a billion. This would most likely be the absolute worst case scenario and with corn conditions at 66% good to excellent as of July 15th it seems highly unlikely.
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Now, all of these possible scenarios are based on the current USDA harvested acreage number. In July the USDA actually raised the planted acreage number by 100,000 acres which shocked the market. Most felt that with the wet and cold spring a lot of acres did not get planted. The USDA did however reduce harvested acreage by half a million acres reflecting weather conditions. Some feel that the harvested acreage number is still too high. Unfortunately the USDA will continue to use their current number until after harvest. If it were to change it would effect the balance sheet, but that will not be an issue until at least October or November. A possible answer to why the USDA planted acreage number was so high is that the USDA had been off on their original planting intentions number by close to 2 million acres and that in fact planting intentions should have been 99 million or more.
The other issue some have with the current USDA balance sheet is that demand estimates may be too high. Currently the USDA is looking for 700 million bushel increase in feed demand. It is very difficult to justify this as cattle on feed numbers remain depressed and there is much more pasture this year. The USDA is also looking for a 1.0 billion bushel increase in exports. Lower prices would likely bring more export business, but that is a huge jump.
So, it seems that if there were much of a reduction in yield the USDA has built in some wiggle room for ending stocks. For example, if there was a 5% reduction in yield ending stocks would be 1.240 billion bushels under the current balance sheet. However, if you take back 300 million bushels from feed (still a 400 million increase from last year) and 300 million bushels from exports (still a 700 million bushel increase from last year) we are right back to a 1.840 billion bushel carry over.
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The point here is that although the USDA may have to lower the yield number in months to come be careful about getting too bullish. It seems the USDA has built in room for lower yields in their balance sheet by increasing demand numbers more then a realistic amount.
Feel free to give me a call or shoot me an email if you would like to talk about your marketing plan, the markets, weather, or just to visit. December Corn Daily chart:
November Soybeans Daily chart:
December Wheat Daily chart:
All this means that speculators should be looking for opportunities and producers need to look to lock up some prices while we have corn near $5.50 and soybeans near $13.00. Give me a call for some ideas. In particular, producers looking to hedge all or a portion of their production may be rather interested in some of the options / options-futures strategies that I am currently using.
In my mind there has to be a balance. Neither technical nor fundamental analysis alone is enough to be consistent. Please give me a call for a trade recommendation, and we can put together a trade strategy tailored to your needs. Be safe!
Ted Seifried (312) 277-0113 or email@example.com
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