Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Light showers slowed harvest a bit, but progress remains well ahead of the normal pace. Fall tillage has already been completed on some fields, but little ammonia has been applied. Terrace and waterway work is progressing where harvest is complete. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 28 percent very short, 39 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 25 percent very short, 40 percent short, 34 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
Grain movement remains brisk, with 54 percent of the state seeing moderate to heavy grain movement from farm to elevator. As the harvest season advances, 4 percent of the state reports being short off-farm storage capacity and 9 percent of the state reports a shortage of on-farm storage capacity. Virtually all of Iowa’s corn crop is now mature. Forty-five percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, four days behind 2010 but eight days ahead of the five-year average.
Corn condition stands at 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Nearly all of Iowa’s soybeans have dropped their leaves although southern Iowa lags slightly behind the rest of the State. Soybean harvest advanced to 87 percent complete, behind last year’s 92 percent but over 2 weeks ahead of the average pace. Over three-quarters of the soybean crop has been harvested in all districts except South Central.
Illinois: Temperatures decreased 3.1 degrees from the previous week to an average of 60.6 degrees, but still remained nearly 5 degrees above normal for the time period. Precipitation averaged 0.68 inches across the state with a high of 0.9 inches being reported in the East Southeast district and a low of 0.4 inches in the West Southwest district. Normally, rainfall equals 0.51 inches for the time period. An average of 5.6 days suitable for field work was reported for the week. Topsoil moisture ended the week at 15 percent very short, 36 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
Harvesting continued to progress at a rapid pace. Corn is now at 64 percent harvested, up 15 points from the previous week and 9 above the five-year average. Soybeans are at 73 percent harvested, up 23 points from the previous week and 9 points above the five-year average.
Nebraska: For the week ending Oct. 16, 2011, soybean harvest remained the focus of field activities with progress on pace with last year and two weeks ahead of average, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Corn harvest continued to advance with progress near average. Some producers in central counties who were kept out of fields last week due to heavy rains were able to return to harvest late in the week.
Missouri: Harvest proceeded at a steady clip aided by 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide, and topsoil moisture reached the lowest point of the entire crop year with 39 percent very short, 43 percent short, 17 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Ground worked for fall tillage was 33 percent, 4 days behind last year, but 10 days ahead of normal (5-year historic average). Off-farm storage availability was 9 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. On-farm storage availability was 14 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.
Corn harvested was 86 percent, 3 days ahead of last year, and 25 days ahead of normal. Harvest in the southwest and west-central districts was nearly complete. Corn moisture at harvest continued dropping ending at 14.9 percent by week's end, ranging from 12.0 percent in the southwest to 16.5 percent in the southeast district. Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 92 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 4 days ahead of normal. Soybeans mature were 78 percent, 2 days behind 2010, but 3 days ahead of normal. The northern districts matured faster than last year while the southern districts developed slower than last year. Soybeans harvested were 54 percent, nearly the same as last year, but 8 days ahead of normal. Soybean condition improved from last week to 12 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.
Ohio: The average temperature for the state was 59.2 degrees, 5.4 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, October 16, 2011. Precipitation averaged 0.76 inches, 0.25 inches above normal. There were 71 modified growing degree days, 13 days above normal. Reporters rated 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, October 14, 2011. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.
As of Oct. 16, corn mature was rated at 61 percent, compared to 99 percent last year and 90 percent for the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain was eight percent complete, compared to 62 percent last year and 29 percent for the five-year average. Corn silage was 81 percent harvested, compared to 100 percent for both last year and the five-year average. Ninety-one percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 100 percent for both last year and the five-year average. Sixty percent of soybeans were mature, compared to 97 percent last year and 94 percent for the five-year average. Soybeans harvested were rated at 23 percent, 54 percentage points behind last year and 36 points behind the five-year average.
Indiana: Grain harvest was moving ahead at a tremendous pace until rain showers and cooler temperatures arrived mid-week halting progress, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, farmers were able to resume harvest activities late in the week in many areas. Corn harvest is still about 26 days behind last year and 10 days behind the five-year average while soybean harvest is approximately 16 days behind last year and two days behind average. Pasture condition has improved over the last several weeks allowing livestock producers to save hay supplies for the coming winter.
There were 5.2 days suitable for field work. Eighty-seven percent of the corn acreage is mature compared to 100 percent last year and 91 percent for the five-year average. Thirty percent of the corn acreage has been harvested, compared to 89 percent last year and 45 percent for the 5-year average. By area, approximately 25 percent of the corn acreage has been harvested in the north, 25 percent in the central region and 51 percent in the south. Moisture content of harvested corn is averaging about 21 percent. Corn condition is rated 35 percent good to excellent.
Ninety-five percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared to 100 percent last year and 97 percent for the 5-year average. Fifty-five percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested compared with 88 percent last year and 60 percent for the 5-year average. By area, approximately 59 percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested in the north, 59 percent in the central region and 40 percent in the south. Moisture content of harvested soybeans is averaging about 12 percent. Soybean condition is rated 43 percent good to excellent.
Minnesota: Rain fell Wednesday, briefly interrupting several weeks of favorable harvest activity, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Amounts ranged from 0.8 inch in north central and northeast areas to 0.3 inch in southwestern areas. For many locations this was the greatest rainfall since Sept. 4. Despite the rain, ground conditions remained hard and dry in areas and tillage was still a concern for producers. As of October 16, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 39 percent short, and 44 percent adequate. Average temperatures were 7.1 degrees above normal for the week despite the arrival of cool, windy conditions by week's end. Statewide, 5.7 days were rated suitable for fieldwork.
Forty-eight percent of the state's corn was harvested, compared to 43 percent last year and 28 percent for the five-year average. The average moisture content of harvested corn was 15 percent. The soybean harvest was virtually complete. Soybeans were 96 percent harvested, compared to 94 percent last year and 76 percent average. The average moisture content of harvested soybeans was 10 percent.
South Dakota: With 5.9 days suitable for field work last week, harvest progress is at or beyond the five-year average. Temperatures stayed warm over most of the eastern ¾ of the state during the week, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota.
Harvest of row crops is well under way with progress for most crops well beyond the five-year average. Eighty-eight percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, ahead of last year at 82 percent and ahead of the five-year average of 64 percent. Thirty-eight percent of corn has been harvested, ahead of the five-year average of 22 percent.