AgDay Daily Recap -January 6, 2017

January 6, 2017 02:57 AM
 
AgDay

TODAY ON AGDAY
JANUARY 6, 2017


HEADLINES
COMING UP TODAY ON AGDAY -  WINTER WEATHER BATTERS THE NATION'S WHEAT  BELT. PLUS NEW PEANUT GUIDELINES HAS FARMERS EXCITED ABOUT FUTURE  POSSIBILITIES. IN THE PRO FARMER PROFIT BRIEFING...A LOOK AT LEAN HOGS. THE PACKER IS ABLE TO MOVE A LOT OF PORK THEIR MARGINS REMAIN STRONG. KEN FERRIES BREAKS DOWN THE KEYS TO HEALTHY SOIL. AND A GREAT  AMERICAN ROUND BARN WITH A CENTURY OF STORIES FROM THE HOOSIER  STATE. AGDAY-BROUGHT TO YOU BY THE DEPENDABLE, LONG LASTING CHEVY  SILVERADO.

WINTER WHEAT WINTER WOES
GOOD MORNING I'M CLINTON GRIFFITHS. A POWERFUL WINTER STORM IS MAKING  ITS WAY TOWARDS THE NATION'S MID-SECTION - BUT WILL IT BRING SOME BADLY  NEEDED MOISTURE TO WHEAT COUNTRY. HEAVY SNOW POUNDING A NUMBER OF WESTERN STATES, CLOSING ROADS IN  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, NEVADA, UTAH AND IDAHO. MEDFORD, OREGON SAW IT'S SNOWIEST ONE DAY TOTAL IN MORE THAN A  CENTURY.THE WINTER STORM DUMPED MORE THAN TWO FEET OF SNOW NEAR LAKE  TAHOE. THAT'S THE SAME LOCATION WHERE CALIFORNIA'S DEPARTMENT OF  WATER RESOURCES CONDUCTS ITS MONTHLY SNOWPACK SURVEY WHICH WE  SHOWED YOU ON THURSDAY. SNOW ALSO FELL IN WYOMING AND WAS PILING UP IN COLORADO. THE LACK OF SNOW COVER IN EASTERN COLORADO HAS TAKEN A TOLL ON  WINTER WHEAT WHERE A QUARTER OF THE CROP IS IN POOR TO VERY POOR  SHAPE. IN OKLAHOMA - WHEAT'S IN ROUGH SHAPE WITH 25-PERCENT IN GOOD  CONDITION AND NONE IN THE EXCELLENT COLUMN. THIS FOLLOWING A MONTH OF VERY COLD AND DRY CONDITIONS.  AT THE END OF NOVEMBER, THE OKLAHOMA CROP WAS 53-PERCENT GOOD TO  EXCELLENT.KANSAS - IT'S BEEN A DRY WINTER. "NASS" SAYS THERE ARE CONCERNS ABOUT  DEVELOPMENT OF THE WINTER WHEAT CROP. RIGHT NOW TWO PERCENT IS  EXCELLENT AND 42-PERCENT GOOD. THAT'S AN EIGHT POINT DROP FROM LAST  MONTH.NOW TO OTHER STATES IN THOSE COMBINED CATEGORIES - NEBRASKA - 46- PERCENT. SOUTH DAKOTA - 56 PERCENT. NORTH DAKOTA - 83-PERCENT GOOD TO EXCELLENT WITH AMPLE SNOW COVER. IN MONTANA - WINTER WHEAT CONDITION IS 58-PERCENT GOOD TO EXCELLENT.

DROUGHT MONITOR
A NEW YEAR BRINGING MAJOR IMPROVEMENTS TO THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN  THE SOUTHEAST. THE BRAND NEW DROUGHT MONITOR SHOWING MUCH OF THE SOUTHEAST HAS  SEEN THE INTENSE DRY CONDITIONS START TO DISAPPEAR. THE GREEN ON THIS MAP SHOWS THE IMPROVEMENT. THE DARKER THE GREEN,  THE BIGGER THE CHANGE. THE DARKEST GREEN IS IN ALABAMA WHERE LAST WEEK ABOUT 20-PERCENT OF  THE STATE WAS IN EXCEPTIONAL AND ANOTHER 33-PERCENT WAS IN EXTREME  DROUGHT.  BUT THIS WEEK - THERE'S A HASH TAG IN THE EXCEPTIONAL  CATEGORY AND 23-PERCENT IN EXTREME. 

CROP COMMENTS
SO IT'S BETTER BUT STILL PLENTY OF  DRY LAND THERE.LET'S TURN NOW TO MIKE HOFFMAN TO GET A LOOK AT TODAY'S CROP  COMMENTS. MIKE.GOOD MORNING, CLINTON. LET'S START OFF IN PAULLINA, IOWA. JAY ON TWITTER  SAYS HE'S MOVING HIS HOME-RAISED STEER CALVES INTO THE FEEDLOT.  LUCKILY, TEMPERATURES SHOULD WARM UP EARLY NEXT WEEK FOR THEM. AND  MOVING A BIT FURTHER WEST...TO BOISE IDAHO. COLD AND SNOW HAS BEEN  STICKING AROUND IN THE VALLEY. THURSDAY MORNING THE NATIONAL WEATHER  SERVICE MEASURE A RECORD 15 INCHES ON THE GROUND AT THE BOISE  AIRPORT. A RECORD FOR TOTAL SNOWFALL SITTING ON THE GROUND, ANY DAY  OF THE YEAR. NEARLY 7 INCHES FELL ON WEDNESDAY-- AND NOW FOR THE COLD.  TEMPERATURES EXPECTED TO BE IN NEGATIVE TERRITORY TODAY-- WITH SOME  PLACES IN IDAHO SEEING LOWS NEAR NEGATIVE 30. AND TAKING A LOOK AT THE  DROUGHT MONITOR YOU CAN SEE THE EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT HAS BEEN TAKEN  AWAY IN THE SOUTHEAST THAT'S SOME GOOD NEWS THRE WE'LL CHECK YOUR  FORECAST COMING UP BUT NOW HERE ARE SOME HOMETOWN TEMPS.

AG SECRETARY SEARCH
THE SEARCH CONTINUES TO FILL OUT AGRICULTURES ROLE IN THE NEW  ADMINISTRATION. AND IT COULD INCLUDE A FARMER FROM THE EASTERN CORN BELT. AGDAY HAS LEARNED THAT INDIANA FARMER KIP TOM WAS AT TRUMP TOWER  THURSDAY TO MEET WITH THE TRANSITION TEAM. THERE'S NO WORD AS TO  WHAT ROLE - IF ANY - MISTER TOM IS INTERESTED IN. AGDAY VIEWERS MAY BE FAMILIAR WITH TOM.  HE WAS A SPOKESMAN FOR THE  "FARMERS FEEDING THE WORLD" CAMPAIGN. HE WAS ALSO NAMED TOP PRODUCER BY TOP PRODUCER MAGAZINE IN 2007.

PEANUT ALLERGY NEWS
THE U-S PEANUT INDUSTRY IS CELEBRATING NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL  INSTITUTES FOR HEALTH ABOUT ITS NEW RECOMMENDATIONS ON PEANUTS. THE N-I-H NOW SAYING MOST BABIES SHOULD START EATING FOOD CONTAINING  PEANUTS FAR EARLIER THAN DOCTORS ONCE ADVISED. KATHY MATHESON  REPORTS ON THIS MAJOR SHIFT IN DIETARY ADVICE. CAITLYN CRUTCHLOW IS EATING SOMETHING THAT COULD KILL HER OLDER  BROTHERS: PEANUT BUTTER. BUT HER MOM HOPES CAITLYN CAN AVOID  DEVELOPING THE POTENTIALLY FATAL ALLERGY THROUGH A REGIMEN NOW  ENDORSED BY THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. JENNY CRUTCHLOW,  MOTHER OF CHILDREN WITH ALLERGIES: "JUST TO THINK THAT SHE'LL GO  THROUGH LIFE NOT HAVING TO WORRY ABOUT A PEANUT ALLERGY – IT'S  TREMENDOUS. JUST TREMENDOUS." NEW NIH GUIDELINES RELEASED THURSDAY  MARK A MAJOR SHIFT IN DIETARY ADVICE. THEY'RE BASED ON LANDMARK  RESEARCH THAT FOUND EXPOSURE TO PEANUTS IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE  LOWERS A BABY'S CHANCES OF BECOMING ALLERGIC. GUIDELINES DIFFER  DEPENDING ON ALLERGY RISK. THE RECOMMENDATIONS SAY HIGH-RISK INFANTS  LIKE CAITLYN SHOULD BE EVALUATED BY A DOCTOR FIRST AND INTRODUCED TO  PEANUT-BASED FOODS AS SOON AS 4 TO 6 MONTHS OF AGE.  DR. ANNA NOWAK- WEGRZYN (NOH'-VAHK VENG'-SHUN), MOUNT SINAI HEALTH SYSTEM: "THESE  GUIDELINES SHOULD BE PUBLICIZED AND SHOULD BE MADE KNOWN TO  EVERYBODY, BUT PARTICULARLY TO THE PARENTS OF THE INFANTS WHO ARE AT  RISK … BECAUSE WE HAVE REALLY A LOT OF INFORMATION SUGGESTING REALLY  THAT PEANUT ALLERGIES RIGHT NOW HAS REACHED EPIDEMIC PROPORTIONS."  CAITLYN WAS AT HIGH-RISK BECAUSE HER BROTHERS HAVE PEANUT ALLERGIES,  AND BECAUSE SHE'S ALLERGIC TO MILK AND EGGS. SHE HAD HER FIRST TASTE  OF PEANUTS IN THE DOCTOR'S OFFICE WHEN SHE WAS 6 MONTHS OLD.   FOLLOWING THE RECOMMENDATIONS, HER PARENTS CONTINUE TO GIVE HER  PEANUT BUTTER, AND SAY IT'S AMONG HER FAVORITE FOODS. THEY'RE GRATEFUL  FOR THE NEW GUIDELINES, EVEN THOUGH THEY CAME TOO LATE FOR THEIR  SONS.  "WE'RE THRILLED, JUST THRILLED. AND YEAH, WE WOULD HAVE DONE  THINGS DIFFERENTLY IN THE INFANCY OF OUR BOYS HAD WE KNOWN, BUT WE  DIDN'T. WE DO NOW, WHICH IS AMAZING, IT'S FANTASTIC." HELPING ALLEVIATE  SOME OF THE FAMILY'S STRESS. KATHY MATHESON, ASSOCIATED PRESS.

TEASE
WHEN WE COME BACK, THE FOLKS OVER AT PROFARMER TAKE A CLOSER LOOK  AT THE HOG MARKET. AND LATER, BREAKING DOWN THE ELEMENTS OF GOOD SOIL HEALTH. LATER WE TOUR A UNIQUE BARN IN INDIANA WHICH IS STANDING ROUND-AND- PROUD FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY. WITH MARKET PRICES CONSTANTLY CHANGING, IT'S IMPORTANT TO KNOW  WHERE CURRENT PRICES STAND. GET MARKET PRICES DELIVERED RIGHT TO  YOUR MOBILE PHONE, JUST TEXT MARKETS TO 31313 TO GET STARTED!

FLOOR OF THE CME 
SOME GREEN ACROSS THE BOARD WHICH IS NICE TO SEE IN THE CORN MARKET COMING UP AGAINST SOME BIG TECHNICAL RESISTANCE LEVELS, 3.63 TO 3.65 IS KIND OF THE TOP END OF THE RANGE GOING BACK TO NOVEMBER. WE'RE LOOKING AT TAKING SOME LONGS OFF AND EVEN LOOKING TO THE SHORT SIDE WITH THE RISK OF BUYING ABOVE THE RECENT HIGHS OF 3.65. AS FAR AS THE WHEAT IS CONCERNED, WHEAT SHOWING OR STEALING THE SPOTLIGHT SO TO SPEAK AND WE'RE EXPECTING THAT TO CONTINUE UP TO 4.30 WHERE THE NEXT LINE OF RESISTANCE COMES IN. NOW AS FAR AS THE FEEDER CATTLE ARE CONCERNED, THEY LOOK A LITTLE BIT HEAVIER THAN THE LIVE CATTLE. 1.29 IS GOING TO BE RESISTANCE SUPPORT WE'RE LOOKING 1.25 IS A 50 DAY MOVING AVERAGE. NOW LASTLY I WANT TO TOUCH ON THE LEAN HOG MARKET. THEY REALLY LOOK CONSTRUCTIVE A LOT OF VOLITALITY, OBVIOUSLY ON BOTH SIDES BUT I THINK IF WE'RE ABLE TO GET OUT ABOUT SIXTY SIX AND A HALF WE CAN MAKE A POTENTIAL RUN TO SEVENTY AND A QUARTER IN THE NEAR TERM. SO, THAT'S WHAT WE'RE LOOKING AT. THAT'S WHAT YOU SHOULD BE LOOKING AT TOO. THIS IS OLIVER SLOUP WITH II TRADER FROM THE FLOOR OF THE CME.

PRO FARMER PROFIT BRIEFING
LEAN HOG PRICES KEEP HOLDING.  IN OUR PROFARMER PROFIT BRIEFING, THE TEAM DISCUSSES THE HOG MARKET  AND EXPECTATIONS FOR 2017. BRIAN, TOWARDS THE END OF 2016 WE GOT USDA 'S QUARTERLY HOGS AND PIGS  REPORT. LET 'S FOCUS ON THE HOG MARKET FIRST BECAUSE MAN IT SHOWED IS  THAT THERE 'S A LOT OF HOGS OUT THERE. YEAH, AND THE NUMBERS ARE UP  ABOUT 5 PERCENT  FROM MORE THERE WERE FOUR PERCENT AND EXPECTED THAT WERE GOING TO  CONTINUE DOWN THAT PATH WITH THE MARKET NUMBERS ARE UP ABOUT FOUR  PERCENT. SO WE SHOULD SEE SLAUGHTER WROTE ABOUT THAT LEVEL ABOVE  YEAR AGO AS WE MOVE THROUGH THE REST A WINTER HERE IN IN THE  SPRING.SOMEWHAT SURPRISINGLY, THE FUTURES MARKET ABSORBED IT AND  TOOK IT REALLY WELL. THE CASH MARKET GOT STAGNATED ON US AFTER WE  GOT THAT REPORT BUT FUTURES ARE TRADING OKAY.YEAH, IT HANDLED THAT  WELL ON ABSORBED IT WELL. I THINK A LOT OF THAT 'S TIED TO THE DEMAND SIDE  OF THINGS. WE CONTINUE TO SEE THAT THAT THE PACKERS ABLE TO MOVE A LOT  OF PORK. THEIR MARGINS REMAIN STRONG AND THAT 'S ALLOWED THE CASH  MARKET TO REMAIN SUPPORTED AND THE FUTURES TOO AND I THINK PROBABLY  AT THIS POINT IN TIME JUST A LITTLE BIT OPTIMISTIC ON THE FUTURES SIDE OF  THINGS COMPARED TO WHAT THE CASH MARKETS LIKELY TO PERFORM THE  FEBRUARY CONTRACT IS CARRYING A BIG PREMIUM TO THE CASH INDEX RIGHT  NOW IS THAT A HEDGING OPPORTUNITY? WHILE I THINK NOT ONLY THE FEBRUARY BUT THE APRIL LOOKS LIKE BOTH OF THOSE CONTRACTS WERE PROBABLY TOO  MUCH OF A PREMIUM TO THE CASH MARKET IF USDA 'S NUMBERS ARE ACCURATE. LET'S KEEP IN MIND HOW USDA HAS MISSED ON THE LIGHT SIDE AND NOT ON THE  HEAVY SIDE IN TERMS OF WHAT THEIR MARKET NUMBERS MEAN  TO SLAUGHTER.  OK, BIG INCREASE IN THE MARKET HOG NUMBERS BUT THE FARROWING INTENTIONS NUMBERS WERE BASICALLY RIGHT IN LINE WITH TRADE  EXPECTATIONS. THEY'RE STILL ABOVE YEAR AGO. WE DIDN'T SEE ANY SHARP  REACTION TO THAT THAT DRAMATIC PRICE DROP THAT WE SAW THIS PAST FALL  AND  I THINK THAT 'S SOMEWHAT OF A SURPRISE BUT ALSO SOME OF THAT KEEP  IN MIND THAT WE HAVE MORE SLAUGHTER CAPACITY COMING ON BOARD IN 2017.  I THINK THAT GIVES MORE OPTIMISM IN TERMS OF WHAT THE MARKET CAN  ABSORBOK A LOT OF MARKET HOGS OUT THERE THAT MEANS IS THERE MORE  MARKET HOGS TO MOVE THE NEEDLE OUT THERE ON DEMAND? NOT ON HOGS  ALONE BUT WHEN YOU TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE CATTLE NUMBERS AND THE  POULTRY NUMBERS AND THEY'RE ALL ON THE RISE. SO ANIMAL UNITS ARE ON  THE RISE MEANING MORE FEED UNITS ARE NEEDED AND I THINK THAT WE WILL  ABSORB SOME OF THAT EXCESS SUPPLY OF THAT RECORD SUPPLY OF THE THE US CORN AND SOYBEAN CROPS AND THE GOOD NEWS IS WE'RE USING THE PORK.  OUR DEMAND IS REALLY PRETTY GOOD. DEFINITELY, SO IT'S ALL THE WAY  THROUGH ON THE DEMAND SIDE OF THINGS WHICH IS A POSITIVE. FOR BRIAN GRETE AND ALL OF THE EDITORS AT PRO FARMER,  I'M CHIP FLORY. 

WEATHER
AGDAY WEATHER - BROUGHT TO YOU BY CORVUS PRE-EMERGENCE CORN  HERBICIDE FROM BAYER.  THE ONLY HERBICIDE TO OFFER THREE LEVELS OF  DEFENSE AGAINST WEEDS - BURNDOWN, RESIDUAL AND REACTIVATION WITH  RAIN. WELCOME BACK TO AGDAY METEOROLOGIST MIKE HOFFMAN HERE MIKE  LOOKING AT THIS DROUGHT MONITOR AS WE TALKED ABOUT EARLIER THE  SOUTHEAST SEEING SOME BIG IMPROVEMENTS STILL GETTING BETTER THERE  STILL SOME EXTREME DROUGHT THERE BUT THE EXCEPTIONAL 'S BEEN TAKEN  AWAY NOW YOU'LL ALSO NOTICE PARTS OF OKLAHOMA IN THE SOUTHERN PLAINS  GETTING WORSE. AS YOU CAN SEE THERE THERE 'S ACTUALLY AN AREA OF  EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT STARTING TO SHOW UP IN PARTS OF EASTERN  OKLAHOMA SOUTHEASTERN ESPECIALLY BUT THAT 'S A DRY AREA EXTENDS ALL  THE WAY BACK IN THE SOUTHWEST KANSAS IN TO EASTERN PORTIONS OF  COLORADO. SO LET 'S GO BACK A MONTH ISN'T ONE QUITE THAT BAD IN THE  SOUTHERN PLAINS ALTHOUGH IT 'S STARTING TO GET THERE A LOT WORSE IN  THE SOUTHEAST BUT OVER THE PAST FOUR WEEKS WE'VE SEEN A STEADY  IMPROVEMENT IN THE SOUTHEAST BUT THE DROUGHT AREAS ARE EXPANDING A  LITTLE BIT AS WE HEAD THROUGH THE SOUTHERN PLAINS UNFORTUNATELY.  SOUTHERN PARTS OF CALIFORNIA HASN'T REALLY GOTTEN A WHOLE LOT BETTER  BUT THERE IS A BIG STORM SYSTEM COMING YOUR WAY. LET 'S TAKE A LOT OF THE WEATHER MAP TODAY WE HAVE TWO AREAS OF LOW PRESSURE IN THE  SOUTHERN PLAINS. THIS JUST UNFORTUNATELY ISN'T GOING TO PUT DOWN A LOT  OF MOISTURE WILL PUT DOWN SOME SNOW WILL BE DRY SNOW. AND THESE TWO  ARE AREAS OF LOW PRESSURE WILL BE COMBINING AND THAT WILL BE  PRODUCING A BIG SNOW IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PORTIONS OF THE COUNTRY  THIS EASTERN LOW IS MAINLY GOING TO GO OFFSHORE OVER THE NEXT TWENTY  FOUR HOURS. STILL SOME LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS AND THERE 'S THAT  BIG STORM SYSTEM OFF THE A WEST COAST IT 'S GONNA PUT DOWN A WHOLE  BUNCH OF RAIN AND MOUNTAIN SNOWS IN THAT MUCH OF CALIFORNIA HEADING  THROUGH THE DAY OR THE NIGHTTIME HOURS TONIGHT YOU CAN SEE THIS  STORM SYSTEM IS GOING TO MOVE THROUGH DIXIE SO THERE 'S GONNA BE A  REALLY A NASTY AREA OF SNOW AND ICE ACROSS NORTHERN MISSISSIPPI,  GEORGIA, ALABAMA AND INTO THE CAROLINAS. CAROLINAS COULD SEE A HALF A  FOOT OF SNOW IN SOME AREAS AND THERE WILL BE MEASURING THE SNOW IN  FEET OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS IN THE SIERRA NEVADA'S. COULD BE A LOT OF IT  THERE. ANOTHER LITTLE BLAST OF ARCTIC AIR JUST TO KEEP IT COLD ACROSS  THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND GREAT LAKES. THERE'S THE PRECIPITATION  ESTIMATE OVER THE PAST TWENTY FOUR HOURS ADDING IN THE NEXT THIRTY  SIX YOU CAN SEE WE'RE GOING TO ADD SOME THROUGH THE SOUTHEAST  ESPECIALLY AS SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF GEORGIA INTO THE CAROLINAS BECAUSE THAT WON'T BE SNOW THAT WILL BE MAINLY RAIN AND YOU CAN SEE A  LITTLE BIT OVER THE CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE ROCKIES AND IT STARTS IN  CALIFORNIA SNOWFALL HAS BEEN PRETTY HEAVY IN THE FOUR CORNER REGION  ESPECIALLY EAST OF THERE AND TRACKING THAT FARTHER TO THE EAST OVER  THE NEXT THIRTY SIX HOURS YOU CAN SEE ALL THE SNOW GOING TO FALL  ACROSS PARTS OF THE SOUTHEAST EXCUSE ME AND THE SIERRA  NEVADA MOUNTAINS TEMPERATURES TODAY STILL SINGLE DIGIT HIGHS IN THE  NORTHEAST REALLY THE ONLY WARM SPOT IS SOUTH FLORIDA IN THE LOWER  FORTY EIGHT RIGHT NOW LOWS TONIGHT WAY BELOW ZERO FOR THE NORTHERN  PLAINS EVEN INTO THE SINGLE DIGITS AS FAR SOUTH AS THE CENTRAL PLAINS  AND THEN YOU CAN SEE TOMORROW STILL SOME HIGHS BELOW ZERO IN THE  FAR NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE COUNTRY. THE JET STREAM SHOWS THAT THIS  COLD AIR DOES RELAX OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS BY NEXT WEEK WILL START TO  SEE A MILDER TREND WITH MORE OF A ZONAL FLOW THERE AND YOU CAN SEE  THE REALLY COLD AIR IS GOING TO BE STARTING OUT MOVING WESTWARD AGAIN  BY LATE IN THE WEEK THAT 'S A LOOK ACROSS THE COUNTRY NOW LET 'S TAKE A  LOOK AT SOME LOCAL FORECASTS WE HEAD TO ALAMOGORDO NEW MEXICO FIRST OF ALL A MIX OF CLOUDS AND SUNSHINE MAYBE A SHOWER HIGH  TEMPERATURE OF FIFTY FIVE THE BIMIDJE MINNESOTA MOSTLY CLOUDY QUITE  COLD HIGH LEVEL E MINUS THREE AND CANTON OHIO QUITE COLD WITH CLOUDS  MAYBE SOME FLURRIES HIGH NINETEEN

TEASE
WHEN WE COME BACK WE'LL TALK ABOUT SOIL AND THE COMPONENTS OF  HEALTHY SOILS ON OUR WEEKLY FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE TV SEGMENT. AND BE SURE TO "ROUND UP THE TROOPS" AS WE VISIT A GREAT AMERICAN BARN IN INDIANA.

FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE TV
GOOD SOIL HEALTH IS VITAL TO MAINTAINING STRONG CROP YIELDS.  THIS MORNING FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE'S AIMEE COPE AND FIELD AGRONOMIST KEN FERRIE TALK ABOUT WHAT MAKES UP HEALTHY SOIL.  WE'RE HERE WITH FARM JOURNAL FIELD AGRONOMIST, KEN FERRIE AND TODAY WE'RE TALKING ABOUT SOIL HEALTH. TODAY, TELL US WHAT IS HEALTHY SOIL? HEALTHY SOIL IS DIVIDED INTO THREE AREAS ONE OF THE PHYSICAL, THE BIOLOGICAL AND THE CHEMICAL FARMERS ARE PRETTY AWARE OF THE CHEMICAL. THEY PICK THAT UP WITH THE SOIL TESTING AND THE P H AND THAT TYPE OF THING. AND THE PHYSICAL PART OF THAT IS HOW WELL IS YOUR AGGREGATE STABILITY, HOW WELL DOES IT INFILTRATE WATER, THAT TYPE OF THING.AND THE BIOLOGICAL PART IS ONE OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY IN YOUR SOIL HOW DIVERSE IS IT WHAT TO DO AND FOR THAT TYPE OF THING. ALL THREE OF THOSE NEED TO BE HIT ON ALL CYLINDERS TO GIVE YOU A REALLY HEALTHY SOIL, SOIL THAT IS VERY BIOLOGICALLY PRODUCTIVE AND WILL PRODUCE A LOT OF NUTRIENTS FOR THE CROP. WE'RE TALKING NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, THAT TYPE OF THING AND KEEP IT NUTRIENT CYCLING FROM PAST CROPS FORWARD IN THE SOUTH.IF IT'S IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE, IT WON'T SEAL UP AND WON'T CRUST OVER. IT'LL DRAIN WELL, OXYGEN WILL GET IN THERE AND OF COURSE THE CHEMICAL SIDE THAT 'S KEEPING YOUR LIMESTONE AND WHERE IT NEEDS TO BE NEEDS TO BE MAKING SURE YOU HAVE ENOUGH PHOSPHORUS AND NITROGEN IN THE PICTURE. SO, A HEALTHY SOIL IS A VERY FORGIVING. IT CAN GO THROUGH TOUGH WEATHER SOME TOUGH CONDITIONS DRY WEATHER AND A CROP JUST KEEPS BOUNCING BACK. IT HAS A LOT OF RESILIENCE.WHERE SOIL THAT'S DETERIORATED , IF WE GET INTO TOUGH CONDITIONS, THE CROP WILL COME APART IN A HURRY.LOOKING AT ALL THREE,I'M JUST LOOKING AT ONE OF THEM BY ITSELF ISN'T ENOUGH. YOU CAN AND JUST GOOD FERTILITY. YOU HAVE TO HAVE THE OTHER COMPONENTS WITHIN ITSELF.

TEASE
UP NEXT WE VISIT A INDIANA BARN THAT CAN RUN "CIRCLES" AROUND THE  COMPETITION. IN THE COUNTRY IS NEXT.

IN THE COUNTRY
IN THE COUNTRY - BROUGHT TO YOU BY KUBOTA'S BX AND L SERIES COMPACT  TRACTORS - AVAILABLE NOW WITH A SIX-YEAR LIMITED POWERTRAIN WARRANTY.   LEARN MORE TODAY AT YOUR LOCAL KUBOTA DEALER.  TODAY WE'RE HEADED IN THE COUNTRY TO MIAMI COUNTY INDIANA TO VISIT A  GREAT AMERICAN ROUND-BARN. WHEN CONSTRUCTION OF THIS BARN WAS  UNDERWAY, HENRY FORD HAD JUST DEVELOPED THE CONCEPT OF AN ASSEMBLY  LINE FOR HIS MODEL-T CARS. BABE RUTH PLAYED HIS FIRST PROFESSIONAL  BASEBALL GAME. AND WOODROW WILSON WAS PRESIDENT. THE YEAR WAS 1914.  THE BARN STILL STANDS TODAY. (RUSTLING CORN STALKS) HARVEST-READY CORN WAVING HELLO - TO AN OLD FRIEND.  THIS CLASSIC  INDIANA ROUND BARN, DRAPED IN HUES OF RED AND GREEN, JUST CELEBRATED  ITS 100TH BIRTHDAY LAST YEAR. " WE'RE KIND OF LIKE THE OLD MCDONALDS FARM. WE HAVE THIS, THAT AND THE OTHER."  JERRY AND PHYLLIS CALLOWAY HAVE LIVED ON THIS FARM FOR A HALF CENTURY.  BUT IT'S BEEN IN THE FAMILY SINCE THE GREAT DEPRESSION. "WE LOVE WHAT WE DO. FARMING IS A WAY OF LIFE FOR US. IT'S NOT A JOB.  IT'S A WAY OF LIFE."   THIS BARN IS THE FOCAL POINT OF THE FARMSTEAD.  CONSTRUCTION BEGAN IN  1914 AND FINISHED THE FOLLOWING YEAR. EIGHT LABORERS BUILT IT FROM THE  GROUND-UP - 80 FEET IN DIAMETER AND 54 FEET FROM THE BASEMENT FLOOR  TO THE PEAK. AND IT'S THAT PEAK - A SELF SUPPORTING ROOF - WHICH WAS AN ENGINEERING  MARVEL FOR THE TIME. IN THE BEGINNING A CUPOLA - SIMILAR TO THIS ONE - SAT AT THE PEAK. BUT IT  THREW THE BALANCED ROOF  OFF KILTER AND IT PARTIALLY COLLAPSED."THEY WENT AROUND AND PUT SUPPORT POSTS IN. NOT TO HOLD WEIGHT, BUT TO PREVENT ROOF FROM  SETTLING OR GOING UP OR DOWN."NOT A WHOLE LOT OF WEIGHT. JUST KEEPS ROOF  STATIONARY (:56)....WHEN THE BARN WAS BUILT, NONE OF THEM IN HERE."REBUILT AND DECADES LATER,  THE OUTSIDE OF THE ROOF IS EQUALLY  IMPRESSIVE....SHOWCASING THE LITANY OF LIVESTOCK THE CALLOWAY'S FIVE  CHILDREN SHOWED AT THE 4-H FAIR.  "I THOUGHT WE SHOULD PUT A GOOSE, A GANDER AND FIVE GOSLINGS. EVERYONE LAUGHED ABOUT  THAT. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN GOSLINGS LEAVE HOME. I SAID YOU'RE RIGHT. SO THAT'S WHEN WE  DECIDED TO PUT EACH ASPECT OF LIVESTOCK WE HAD."SO THEY SETTLED ON A MENAGERIE OF SHINGLES... " WE HAD FIVE DIFFERENT BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE, SO THE CHILDREN HAD CALVES TO SHOW.  WE HAD  SHEEP, RAISED A LOT OF HOGS, AND HAD CHICKENS. " "EVERYBODY THINKS THEY'RE UNHANDY BUT ONCE YOU GET USED TO IT, IT'S NOT ANY DIFFERENT THAN  A SQUARE BARN."THE ROUND STYLE  BARNS STARTED GROWING POPULARITY IN THE EARLY 1900'S.  THOUGHT TO BE MORE EFFICIENT FOR FEEDING AND MILKING DAIRY HERDS. BUT  THEY WERE ALSO MORE EXPENSIVE TO BUILD. AND BY THE END OF THE  1930'S,  THEY FELL OUT OF FAVOR. "OLD BARNS ARE DWINDLING BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT IN USE. THIS IS A WORKING ROUND BARN. A  WORKING BARN PERIOD. " A WORKING BARN, THAT REQUIRES CONSTANT ATTENTION."HOW IMPORTANT IS UPKEEP ON THIS BARN. WELL IT'S 100%. IF YOU DON'T DO THE UPKEEP, YOU'LL BE  GOING THE OTHER WAY REAL FAST." PERHAPS A RELATIVE TERM FOR AN AGING STRUCTURE MORE THAN A  CENTURY OLD. BUT UNDER CALLOWAY'S CARE, THE FUTURE IS PROMISING. "BECAUSE IT'S A FAMILY HERITAGE. AND IT'S SOMETHING WE CAN PASS DOWN TO OUR CHILDREN. AND  HOPEFULLY THEIR CHILDREN IF THEY MAINTAIN IT."DELIVERING ON A PROMISE....PRESERVING A CLASSIC BARN....UPHOLDING  HOOSIER HISTORY.INSIDE THE BARN, THERE'A WOODEN SILO THAT THE CALLOWAYS STILL USE TO  STORE SILAGE FOR THEIR LIVESTOCK. IT'S MADE FROM WOOD PLANKS, HELD  TOGETHER WITH BANDS. JERRY SAYS A COUPLE YEARS AGO, HE SWORE HE'D  NEVER FILL IT AGAIN.  BUT THEY KEEP FILLING IT AND USING IT.

CLOSE
THAT'S ALL THE  TIME WE HAVE THIS MORNING. WE'RE GLAD YOU TUNED IN.  FOR ALL OF US AT AGDAY. I'M CLINTON GRIFFITHS. HAVE A GREAT DAY. HIGH STRENGTH STEEL FOR HIGH STRENGTH DEPENDABILITY, THE CHEVY  SILVERADO IS THE OFFICIAL NEWS GATHERING VEHICLE OF AGDAY TELEVISION.

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