AgDay Daily Recap -December 7, 2016

July 12, 2016 02:57 AM
 
AgDay

TODAY ON AGDAY
DECEMBER 7, 2016

HEADLINES
IT WAS A SUNDAY - MANY PEOPLE ARE AT CHURCH. OTHERS ARE ENJOYING THEIR  WEEKEND. BUT SHORTLY BEFORE NOON CENTRAL TIME - A NEW BULLETIN THAT WOULD  CHANGE THE COURSE OF HISTORY. 'WE INTERRUPT THIS PROGRAM....THE JAPANESE HAVE ATTACKED PEARL  HARBOR".A STUNNED NATION..... ONE DAY LATER....A CALL TO ACTION. "NO MATTER HOW LONG IT MAY TAKE US TO OVERCOME THIS PREMEDITATED INVASION, THE AMERICAN  PEOPLE IN THEIR RIGHTEOUS MIGHT WILL WIN THROUGH TO ABSOLUTE VICTORY." AMERICA MUSTERS ITS MILITARY MIGHT...... FROM CITIES TO COUNTRY - FATHERS, HUSBANDS AND BROTHERS SIGNED-UP TO  FIGHT..... ON THE HOMEFRONT - MOTHERS, WIVES AND SISTERS STEPPED ONTO THE  ASSEMBLY LINE.   FARMERS ARE ASKED TO DO MORE.... "LETS FIGHT THE WAR WITH MORE CROPS. LETS THE WAR WITH MORE EFFICIENCY."FARM EQUIPMENT MAKERS SHIFT THEIR FOCUS..... "WE HAVE TURNED OUR PLOUGHSHARES INTO SWORDS. AND THERE, HISTORY WILL BE GRIM AND  SERIOUS." THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF AGDAY REMEMBERS THE GREATEST GENERATION. HERE'S YOUR HOST CLINTON GRIFFITHS AT THE WORLD WAR TWO MEMORIAL IN  WASHINGTON DC.

AGDAY IN WASHINGTON D.C.
"HELLO AND WELCOME TO THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF AGDAY. I'M CLINTON  GRIFFITHS. 2016 MARKS 75 YEARS SINCE THE UNITED STATES ENTERED WORLD  WAR TWO. IT'S FITTING THEN, THAT WE BRING YOU THIS SPECIAL PROGRAM  FROM THE WORLD WAR TWO MEMORIAL IN WASHINGTON D-C. IF YOU HAVEN'T  BEEN HERE, IT'S WELL WORTH YOUR TIME TO VISIT. "  <  " IT IS THE FIRST NATIONAL MEMORIAL DEDICATED TO ALL WHO SERVED  DURING WORLD WAR II.  IT ALSO ACKNOWLEDGES THE COMMITMENT AND ACHIEVEMENT OF THE ENTIRE  NATION, INCLUDING THOSE IN AGRICULTURE."("HERE'S A TYPICAL ILLINOIS FARMER. ONE OF THE MEN THAT OUR ARMED  FORCES AND WE AT HOME DEPEND UPON FOR FOOD. AND BOY OH BOY IS HE  BUSY. MACHINERY IS SCARCE, GASOLINE IS RATIONED, THE TIRES ON HIS TRUCK  ARE WEARING DOWN, HIS HIRED MAN IS WORKING IN A DEFENSE PLANT. HIS SON  IS FIGHTING ON THE FRONT TWO THOUSAND MILES AWAY. WELL IT'S TIME FOR  CHORES. IT'S ALWAYS TIME FOR SOMETHING THESE DAYS WHEN ARMIES AND  FLEETS DEMAND EVERY AMERICAN FARM PRODUCE TO ITS UTMOST.) BEFORE THE U-S ENTERED THE WAR, THE WORLD HAD BEEN SLOWLY CHANGING.  FARMERS HAD BEEN SUFFERING FOR DECADES. THERE WERE LOW PRICES IN  THE 1920'S, FOLLOWED BY THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND WIDESPREAD DROUGHT  IN THE GREAT PLAINS OF THE 1930'S AS 1940 APPROACHED, THERE WERE SIGNS THE U-S ECONOMY WAS SLOW  IMPROVING. FOR FARMERS, DEMAND AND PRICES HAD PICKED-UP DUE TO A WAR  IN EUROPE THAT THE U-S WAS NOT YET INVOLVED . "WELL THAT WAS DECEMBER SIX WE WERE NOT IN THE WAR AND AMERICANS HAD BEEN STAUNCHLY ISOLATIONIST. FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS GOING AGAINST  THE STREAM OF AMERICAN CULTURE AT THE TIME BECAUSE AMERICANS DID NOT  WANT TO BE IN THE WAR. DECEMBER SEVEN A TURNING POINT TO SOMETHING  BRAND NEW. WE'RE AT WAR. YES WE ARE WILLING AS A COMMUNITY TO SEND  OUR SONS AND OUR BROTHERS AND OUR HUSBANDS AND ARE COUSINS AND PUT  THEM AT RISK TO FIGHT THIS, THAT WE'VE GOT TO FINALLY SAY HERE'S A LINE IN THE SAND WE CAN'T RETREAT ANYMORE. WE'VE GOT A STEP OVER AND COMMIT.  SO THERE WAS THIS SENSE OF URGENCY, OF COMMUNIT,Y THAT WE'VE ALL GOT  TO PULL OUR WEIGHT. WELL FARMERS WERE ASKED TO DO THE SAME THING,  MUST PRODUCE MORE AND SO PLANT MORE CROPS. BE MORE EFFICIENT.  BECAUSE AT THE SAME TIME THAT FARMERS ARE BEING ASKED TO PRODUCE  MORE, THE LABOR SUPPLY IS GOING DOWN BECAUSE THESE KIDS ARE GOING  INTO THE ARMED SERVICES. "

OKLAHOMANS SERVING THE FLAG
THE SHOCK OF THE ATTACK WOULD EVENTUALLY BE FELT ALL OVER THE WORLD. DAVE DEKEN FROM OKLAHOMA STATE'S SUN-UP T-V SAYS OKLAHOMANS - LIKE OTHER PATRIOTIC AMERICANS - STEPPED UP TO SERVE THE FLAG. " YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN FROM ALL OVER THE COUNTRY ANSWERED THEIR  NATION'S CALL, PARKING THEIR PLOWS AND LEAVING DIRT ROADS LIKE THIS ONE  IN NOBLE COUNTY, TO GO WHERE THEIR COUNTRY NEEDED THEM. EVEN THOUGH  IT WAS THOUSANDS OF MILES AWAY, MUCH LIKE MARVIN JIROUS' OLDER  BROTHER EUGENE. MARVIN JIROUS:  I HAD AN OLDER BROTHER, WHICH WAS EIGHTEEN YEARS  OLDER THAN I, AND UH, HE WAS IN THE GROUND CREW AIR FORCE, WHEN HE  WENT OVER IN THE PHILIPPINES AND HE SAID THEY DID MAINTENANCE, ALL KIND  OF MAINTENANCE ON AIRPLANES. THE FAMILY HAD MOVED TO TOWN BY THE TIME THE WAR STARTED, BUT THEY  KEPT THE FARM THAT THEIR FAMILY BUILT FROM THE GROUND UP AND IT KEPT  PRODUCING. BOB BLACKBURN:"ON THE FARMS, PREPARING FOR OUR KIDS TO GO AND FATHERS TO GO, PEOPLE  ARE PLANTING BECAUSE THERE IS RISING DEMAND. THE GOVERNMENT, THE  FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, IS ENCOURAGING GREATER PRODUCTION. LET'S FIGHT  THE WAR WITH MORE CROPS." MARVIN JIROUS: WE GREW COTTON AT THAT TIME. DAD HAD HOGS OUT THERE,  PEAR TREES, APPLE TREES, CHERRY TREE…AND THAT WAS MY FAVORITE. DAD  ALWAYS MADE A GOOD LIVING ON IT. IN FACT IN 40, PROBABLY 1942 WE HAD A  VICTORY GARDEN IN TOWN. THE JIROUS FAMILY DID THEIR PART, AND A LITTLE MORE FOR THE  COMMUNITY. WHILE KEEPING THEIR SOLDIER IN THEIR HEART, AND IN THE BACK  OF THEIR MIND. "WHEN THE NEWS WOULD COME ON AT HOME, WE WOULD  ALWAYS LISTEN TO THE WAR NEWS, EVERY NIGHT. BOY, YOU HAD TO BE QUIET. IT  WAS JUST UNDERSTOOD THAT NOBODY SAID A WORD AS LONG AS THEY WERE  GIVING YOU WAR NEWS ON THE RADIO. AND THEN HE CAME HOME, I'LL NEVER  FORGET IT. HE COME HOME, CHRISTMAS NIGHT OF 45 AND THAT WAS A BIG, BIG  NIGHT FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY,  WHEN HE CAME IN. "MUCH MORE TO COME ON THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF AGDAY - INCLUDING THE  GRUB THAT G-I'S LOVED TO GRUMBLE ABOUT. BUT IT MAY HAVE HELPED WIN THE  WAR."  AND FARM EQUIPMENT MAKERS SWITCH THEIR OUTPUT FROM TRACTORS TO  TANKS...IT WAS A HERCULEAN EFFORT (CUT "BY GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY) TO  TURN US INTO A WAR PRODUCTION MACHINE THAT ULTIMATELY WON THE WAR."

CROP COMMENTS
"CROP COMMENTS IS POWERED BY RESICORE HERBICIDE FOR CORN, FROM  DOW AGROSCIENCES."   > I'M MIKE HOFFMAN. FARMERS WOULD HAVE A DIFFICULT TIME GETTING WEATHER REPORTS DURING  THE WAR.THE U-S MILITARY ASKED THE OFFICE OF CENSORSHIP TO SEVERELY LIMIT  INFORMATION ABOUT THE WEATHER, FEARING TOO MUCH DATA COULD HELP THE  ENEMY. UNLESS APPROVED BY THE WEATHER BUREAU, RADIO STATIONS COULD SAY  NOTHING ABOUT RAIN, SNOW, FOG, OR EVEN THE TEMPERATURE.

CHANGE OF PRODUCTION
WHEN WORLD WAR TWO BROKE OUT - MANY FARMERS LEFT THE FIELDS TO  FIGHT OVERSEAS. WHILE OTHERS MOVED TO BIGGER URBAN AREAS TO HELP  THE WAR EFFORT IN FACTORIES, MAKING PLANES, TANKS AND MUNITIONS.  AND  FARM EQUIPMENT MAKERS HAD TO RE-THINK WHAT THEY WERE PRODUCING AS  WELL. AT THE ONSET OF WORLD WAR TWO INDIANA-BASED STUDEBAKER CORPORATION  WAS BUILDING AUTOS AND LIGHT-AND-HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS. JUST MONTHS AFTER THE PEARL HARBOR ATTACK, THE U-S GOVERNMENT SHUT- DOWN PASSENGER CAR PRODUCTION AS RESOURCES, SUCH AS STEEL AND RUBBER,  WENT TO CRITICAL INDUSTRIES. "STUDEBAKER BUILT ITS LAST CIVILIAN AUTOMOBILE ON JANUARY 31ST, 1942  AND COMPLETELY TRANSFERRED OVER TO MILITARY PRODUCTION"STUDEBAKER WAS ONE OF THREE MANUFACTURERS WITH CONTRACTS TO BUILD  TWO-AND-A-HALF TON MILITARY TRUCKS, COMMONLY KNOWN AS A "DEUCE AND A  HALF".THEY COULD BE USED TO HAUL TROOPS AND EQUIPMENT. MANY OF THE INDIANA- PRODUCED TRUCKS WERE ACTUALLY USED BY AMERICA'S WORLD WAR-TWO ALLY  - RUSSIA!  "IN FACT, TODAY THE STUDEBAKER BUILT TRUCKS WERE SO SUPERIOR TO  ANYTHING THE RUSSIAN ARMY HAD IN THEIR INVENTORY EVEN TODAY THE WORD  STUDEBAKER IS A SLANG TERM FOR TRUCK IN RUSSIAN."> THE COMPANY ALSO BUILT ENGINES FOR B-17 BOMBER PLANES AND A UNIQUE  TRACKED VEHICLE CALLED THE WEASEL WHICH CARRIED TROOPS IN ROUGH,  SNOWY TERRAIN. "IT WAS A HERCULEAN EFFORT BY GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY TO TURN US  INTO A WAR PRODUCTION MACHINE THAT ULTIMATELY WON THE WAR."FOR THEIR EFFORTS, STUDEBAKER EARNED AN "E" AWARD FROM THE ARMY AND  NAVY FOR 'EXCELLENCE IN MANUFACTURING. FARM EQUIPMENT MAKERS LIKE INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER AND  JOHN DEERE  EARNED MULTIPLE "E" AWARDS FOR THEIR ABILITY TO SHIFT PRODUCTION FROM  FARM EQUIPMENT TO MILITARY MATERIALS. IOWA GOV. GEORGE WILSON:  "YOU HONOR YOUR STATE ....YOU HONOR YOUR CITY…YOU HONOR THE JOHN  DEERE COMPANY FOR YOUR ACHIEVEMENTS IN TEAMWORK."I-H COMPANY BUILT A LONG LIST OF ARMAMENTS - INCLUDING TORPEDOES, TANK  TRANSMISSIONS AND TRUCKS. IN AUGUST 1942, 4-THOUSAND EMPLOYEES FROM TWO WATERLOO IOWA PLANTS  GATHERED FOR A CEREMONY.  THESE DEERE  FACTORIES SWITCHED FROM  TRACTORS TO TRANSMISSIONS FOR TANKS. BRIG GEN. NORMAN RAMSEY:  "SOMETIMES YOU MAY FEEL WHAT YOU'RE DOING IN PLANT IT NOT  IMPORTANT...WOULD RATHER BE AT THEATER OF BATTLE. "" REMEMBER YOU ARE ALL SOLDIERS ON THE PRODUCTION LINE OF FREEDOM. AND WHAT YOU  ARE DOING FOR AMERICA IS BEING DONE VOLUNTARILY AND FREELY WITHOUT RESERVATION OR COERCION."> DURING THE WAR, EQUIPMENT MAKERS CREATED THEIR OWN BATTALIONS OF  EMPLOYEES WHO HAD ENLISTED, SHIPPED OVERSEAS...AND SPENT THEIR TIME  KEEPING MACHINERY RUNNING FOR THE ALLIES. BURTON F PEEK: "ITS MY PRIVILEGE TO ACCEPT THIS AWARD. I CANNOT SAY I ACCEPT IT WITH PLEASURE  FOR THERE'S NO PLEASURE IN WAR.4:26  BUT THERE IS SATISFACTION IN A DUTY WELL PERFORMED.> "OUR INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT....ALLIED CAUSE DURING WORLD  WAR TWO. "

TEASE
STILL TO COME - WE TAKE A TOUR OF THE WORLD WAR TWO MEMORIAL - AND  FIND OUT HOW AMERICAN AGRICULTURE IS REPRESENTED THROUGH-OUT....

 

WORLD WAR II MEMORIAL
THE WORLD WAR II MEMORIAL ON THE NATIONAL MALL HONORS THE SERVICE OF  SIXTEEN MILLION MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES, THE SUPPORT OF MILLIONS  ON THE HOME FRONT, AND THE ULTIMATE SACRIFICE OF MORE THAN 400- THOUSAND AMERICANS.  IT WAS DEDICATED IN MAY 2004 AS A LEGACY TO WHAT'S OFTEN REFERRED TO AS  THE GREATEST GENERATION. TWENTY-FOUR BRONZE PANELS FLANK THE ENTRANCE...EACH TELLING A STORY  OF AMERICA'S EXPERIENCE IN THE WAR. "THIS MEMORIAL.MAKES IT A LITTLE DIFFERENT FROM THE VIETNAM VETERANS MEMORIAL AND THE  KOREAN WAR VETERANS MEMORIAL. THOSE ARE SPECIFICALLY FOR THE VETERANS, WHERE AS THIS HONORS  THE ENTIRE COUNTRY. THE AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT OF THE UNITED STATES WAS VERY IMPORTANT IN THIS WAR. BECAUSE THE AXIS  POWERS WERE LITERALLY TRYING TO STARVE, ESPECIALLY ENGLAND, INTO SUBMISSION. SO ALL THE FOOD WE  SENT TO OUR FELLOW ALLIES WAS VERY KEY IN WINNING THIS WAR.> "THAT REALLYSHOWS THAT ENORMOUS AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT THAT THE UNITED STATES WAS REALLY A  MIRACLE THAT ALONG WITH GENERAL PRODUCTION, THAT WE ACCOMPLISHED TO HELP FEED OUR FELLOW  ALLIES.A PILLAR STANDS FOR EACH STATE AND TERRITORY ADORNED WITH TWO WREATHS -       EACH SERVING AS A REMINDER OF THE EFFORT AND SACRIFICE ALL  AMERICANS MADE - BOTH ABROAD AND ON THE HOMEFRONT. WHEN YOU LOOK THOSE WREATHES,THEY ALTERNATE FROM OAK TO WHEAT. THE OAK SYMBOLIZES THE  ARMAMENTS WE SENT TO OUR FELLOW ALLIES, NAMELY THE UNITED KINGDOM AND SOVIET UNION. AND  THE WHEAT--THE FOOD WE SENT OVER TO THOSE COUNTRIES SO THEY WOULDN'T STARVE. SO WHEN YOU  GET DOWN TO IT ARE JUST RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IS PROBABLY OUR GREATEST CONTRIBUTION TO  THE ALLIED CAUSE IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR."

TEASE
WHEN WE COME BACK - AN ILLINOIS FARMER REFLECTS ON HIS LIFE - SERVING  THE COUNTRY - BOTH IN THE AIR....AND ON THE LAND.

FARMER SERVING IN THE AIR AND ON LAND
AS WORLD WAR TWO FADES INTO THE DISTANCE, MORE OF THESE AMERICAN  PATRIOTS ARE DISAPPEARING FROM OUR LANDSCAPE, INCLUDING VETERAN  FARMERS.  GREG PETERSON HAS THE STORY OF ONE FARMER WHO SHARES HIS LIFE'S  TRAVELS. THE ROAR OF AN ENGINE, THE ROLL OF A TIRE... COMFORTABLE SOUNDS FOR ILLINOIS FARMER DALE FULTON. AT 95, HE'S SLOWING DOWN---GETTING HIS PRISTINE EQUIPMENT GEARED UP AND  READY FOR AUCTION THIS MAN WAS A CARETAKER. HE ONLY FARMED 600 ACRES AND HE LIKED MACHINERY AND HE  LIKE NEW MACHINERY. PROBABLY ONE FOR THE MEMORY BOOK  EVEN AT 95 HE'S ONLY BEEN A FULL TIME FARMER FOR 35 OF THOSE YEARS.  BEFORE THAT THIS ONCE TEENAGED DARE DEVIL TOOK TO THE SKY. AVIATION WAS STARTING TO BECOME POPULAR AND THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE...AMERICAN FIRST  ERS AND A LOT OF PEOPLE LIKE AND IT APPEARED POSSIBLY THE WAR WOULD BE COMING AND I THOUGHT I WANTED TO LEARN TO FLY. HIS PARENTS BOUGHT HIM AN AIRPLANE IN 1938 A TALOR CRAFT WITH 50  HORSEPOWER FOR A  THOUSAND DOLLARS. BY THE 1940'S THAT PILOTS EXPERIENCE CAME IN HANDY, SHUTTLING  PASSENGERS AND CARGO ACROSS THE OCEAN IN WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE BOUGHT A USED P-51 MUSTANG EVEN WINNING THE  NATIONAL AIR RACES IN CLEVELAND...EARNING HIM A PHOTO ON THE COVER OF  LIFE MAGAZINE. 240 MILE RACE RECTANGULAR AND 90 DEGREES AROUND 5 LOAD FACTOR MOST OF THE TIME, 100  FEET OFF THE GROUND AND YOU LOSE A LITTLE SPEED IN THOSE TIGHT TURNS BUT YOU HAVE TO MAKE  THEM. AIR RACING WAS BIG PRE WAR. AND EVERYONE ATTENDED AND IT WAS QUITE POPULAR. WHAT DID YOU GET FOR WINNING THE RACE? 53:43 NOT ENOUGH 8000 DOLLARS AND THAT DOESN'T GO  VERY FAR. BUT FLY DOES AND IT DID, TAKING HIM TO FAR AWAY LANDS FOR THE NEXT FOUR  DECADES AS A COMMERCIAL AIRLINE PILOT. WHEN MY FATHER PASSED AWAY MY MOTHER TOOK OVER THE FARM.  AND SHE FARMED IT UNTIL  SHE PASSED AND I COMMUTED FROM MY JOB BACK HERE ON THE FARM. 49:18 ONE FOOT IN THE AIR, AND ONE ON THE GROUND.  I FLEW SOME FLIGHTS I WAS GONE 13 DAYS AND I HAD THE REST OF THE MONTH OFF AND I HAD  TWO MEN WORKING HERE SO THAT WORKED PRETTY WELL. 49:35 A  SPLIT SCHEDULE--WITH BOTH ADVENTURE AND ROUTINE...HE RETIRED FULL  TIME TO THE FARM IN 1980.  NOW THIS BACHELOR VETERAN IS RETIRING YET AGAIN.. BEGINNING A NEW CHAPTER AS HE, LOOKS BACK... ON SO MANY OTHERS FROM  HIS HURRIED PAST.

TEASE
WHEN THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF AGDAY CONTINUES - WE SEE JUST HOW CLOSE THE WORLD WAR CAME TO OUR OWN SHORES.

CLOSE CALL OFF CAROLINA COAST
AS WE REFLECT ON THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR TWO, MANY AMERICANS  PROBABLY HAVE NO IDEA JUST HOW CLOSE THE BATTLE  LINES CAME TO THE U-S MAINLAND. MARINA HUTCHINSON HAS OUR STORY FROM  THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST. "THERE IT IS BUDDY ITS RIGHT THERE. LOOK AT THAT!" A FRONT ROW SEAT TO HISTORY.  A  WORLD WAR TWO GERMAN SUBMARINE AND AN ALLIED FREIGHTER LYING AT THE  BOTTOM OF THE SEA_SUNK MORE THAN 70 YEARS AGO OFF THE COAST OF  NORTH CAROLINA. DAVID W. ALBERG, MONITOR NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY: "THIS IS REALLY AMERICA'S ONLY WORLD WAR II BATTLEFIELD ON THE EAST COAST."FEW PEOPLE OUTSIDE  COASTAL NORTH CAROLINA REMEMBER THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC." A BATTLE THAT SERVES AS A  REMINDER OF HOW CLOSE WORLD WAR II CAME TO THE MAINLAND. WEEKS  AFTER THE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR, GERMAN U BOATS BEGAN PATROLLING  OFF THE COAST OF NORTH CAROLINA SINKING MERCHANT SHIPS AND ALLIED  VESSELS. 92-YEAR-OLD LOUIS SEGAL WAS STATIONED OFF THE EAST COAST  DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THE MISSION OF THE SHIP HE WAS ON WAS  TO DESTROY GERMAN SUBMARINES. "AFTER D-DAY WE WERE SAILING UP AND DOWN THAT COAST LOOKING FOR SUBMARINES. THEY WERE  RIGHT AROUND THE EAST COAST, PINGING WITH SONAR WE'D BE LOOKING FOR SUBMARINES.AFTER THE GERMAN SUBMARINE U-576 SANK THE FREIGHTER SS BLUEFIELDS, THE US MILITARY ESCORTS FOUGHT BACK SINKING THE UBOAT.  THE FREIGHTER  WAS ABLE TO GET ALL HER CREW OFF BEFORE SINKING BUT THAT WAS NOT THE  CASE FOR THE GERMAN SHIP . "ALL OF THE HATCHES WERE STILL SEALED AND CLOSED. SO THERE WAS NO TIME FOR THE CREW TO TRY TO  GET OUT. WHICH MEANS THAT IT IS, IN ESSENCE, NOT ONLY AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, BUT A TOMB AND  A GRAVESITE FOR THE 45 MEN WHO WERE ON BOARD." THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND  ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION FIRST DISCOVERED THE SHIPWRECKS TWO  YEARS AGO."THE SITE IS ABOUT 35 MILES DUE EAST OF OCRACOKE, NORTH CAROLINA. AND THE TWO VESSELS LIE IN  ABOUT 710 FEET OF WATER." SEGAL, THE NAVY VETERAN, WAS INVITED TO JOIN THE  EXPEDITION. IT WAS HIS FIRST TIME BACK IN THESE WATERS SINCE THE WAR. HIS  REACTION TO SEEING THE SUNKEN SUB? "I SAW IT AND SAID WELL THAT'S ONE WE DIDN'T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT." BOTH VESSELS HAVE  BEEN PLACED ON THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES. THE PUBLIC  WILL EVENTUALLY BE ABLE TO VIRTUALLY SEE WHAT HAPPENED HERE IN JULY  1942. MARINA HUTCHINSON, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. 

CLOSE
THAT'S ALL THE TIME WE HAVE. THANK YOU FOR JOINING FOR THIS SPECIAL  EDITION OF AGDAY. I WANT TO LEAVE YOU WITH THIS CLOSING THOUGHT FROM PRESIDENT  ROOSEVELT. DURING ONE OF HIS FAMED FIRESIDE CHATS - FIVE MONTHS AFTER PEARL HARBOR.... HE SAID "I KNOW THE AMERICAN FARMER, THE AMERICAN WORKMAN, AND THE AMERICAN  BUSINESSMAN. I KNOW THAT THEY WILL GLADLY EMBRACE THIS ECONOMY AND EQUALITY OF SACRIFICE- SATISFIED THAT IT IS NECESSARY FOR THE MOST VITAL AND COMPELLING MOTIVE IN ALL THEIR LIVES - WINNING THROUGH TO VICTORY. NO WORDS CAN EVER EXPRESS OUR FULL GRATITUTE TO THE MEN AND  WOMEN OF THE GREATEST GENERATION…EXCEPT MAYBE… THANK YOU. FROM  ONE GENRATION TO ANOTHER, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF AGDAY.  HAVE A GREAT DAY IN FARM COUNTRY.  

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