AgDay Daily Recap - June 16, 2017

June 16, 2017 02:57 AM
 
AgDay

TODAY ON AGDAY
JUNE 16, 2017


HEADLINES
AN ECONOMIC DRIVER SEEMS STUCK IN NEUTRAL.FOR RURAL AMERICA. DROUGHT EXPANDS IN THE HIGH PLAINS. IN AGRIBUSINESS..THE BUSINESS OF WHEAT MISSY BAUER TALKS TALL BEANS AND MANAGING GROWTH. AND RESEARCHERS IN LOUISIANA SAY THIS WEEVIL MAY BE THE KEY TO FIGHTING  INVASIVE WATER WEEDS. AGDAY-BROUGHT TO YOU BY THE DEPENDABLE, LONG LASTING CHEVY  SILVERADO.

RURAL MAINSTREET INDEX
GOOD MORNING I'M CLINTON GRIFFITHS. BANKERS THROUGHOUT THE MIDWEST  AND GREAT PLAINS SAY DON'T LOOK FOR FARMLAND VALUES TO IMPROVE OVER  THE NEXT YEAR.....THAT AS THE LATEST RURAL MAINSTREET INDEX SHOWS THE  RURAL ECONOMY STUCK IN NEUTRAL. THE JUNE SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL CONDITIONS FROM CREIGHTON  UNIVERSITY SHOWS THE INDEX DROPPING SLIGHTLY TO 50--RIGHT AT THE  MIDPOINT--INDICATING GROWTH NEUTRAL. BANKERS FROM THE TEN STATES PROJECT FARMLAND PRICES WILL GO DOWN  ANOTHER THREE PERCENT OVER THE NEXT 12 MONTHS. AS FAR AS FARM INCOME,  ALMOST ONE FOURTH OF BANKERS REPORT  REJECTING A HIGHER PERCENTAGE OF FARMER LOAN APPLICATIONS AND ABOUT  60 PERCENT REPORT BOOSTING COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS ON FARM LOANS.. "THE PRESIDENT UNDERSTANDS THAT THE PROSPERITY AND RECOVERY HAS NOT BEEN UNIFORM AND HE  UNDERSTANDS THAT MANY PEOPLE AND I GAVE SOME STATISTICS ABOUT RURAL POVERTY. AND ONE IN  FOUR CHILDREN AND AND WE LOOK AT THE EMPLOYMENT NUMBERS. THEY'VE NOT COME UP TO  PRE-2008. IN RURAL RURAL AREAS." SECRETARY PERDUE MADE HIS COMMENTS FOLLOWING THE INAUGURAL  MEETING OF OF THE INTER-AGENCY TASK FORCE ON AGRICULTURE AND RURAL  PROSPERITY. THE MEETING INCLUDED SEVERAL CABINET SECRETARIES WHO ARE  CHARGED - AS A GROUP - WITH IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR PEOPLE IN  RURAL AREAS.

TRADE WITH CUBA
MANY IN THE AG LOBBY SAY EXPANDING TRADE WITH CUBA COULD BOLSTER U-S  FARMER INCOMES. SO THEY'LL BE WATCHING CLOSELY TODAY AS PRESIDENT  TRUMP ANNOUNCES HIS NEW POLICY TOWARD THE COMMUNIST NATION.  . THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION EASED SOME RESTRICTIONS ON TOURISM AND  TRADE WHICH MUCH OF THE FARM LOBBY FAVORED. ACCORDING TO THE AMERICAN FARM BUREAU THERE'S NO INDICATION THAT  PRESIDENT WILL CLAMPDOWN ON AGRICULTURAL SALES WHICH ARE ALLOWED  ON A CASH-ONLY BASIS. A GROUP OF SENATORS REPRESENTING FARM STATES SENT A LETTER TO  SECRETARY OF STATE REX TILLERSON THIS WEEK ENCOURAGING THE STATE  DEPARTMENT TO MAINTAIN ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT WITH CUBA. . LAST MONTH, A BI-PARTISAN GROUP OF SENATORS INTRODUCED LEGISLATION TO  LIFT THE CUBA TRADE EMBARGO WHICH HAS BEEN IN EXISTENCE FOR 50 YEARS. . CALLED "THE FREEDOM TO EXPORT TO CUBA ACT" WOULD AMONG OTHER  THINGS, BOOST AMERICAN AG EXPORTS TO CUBA.

DROUGHT INTENSIFYING
BACK IN THE HEARTLAND - DROUGHT INTENSIFIES IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND  EXPANDS IN THE CORN BELT. DROUGHTY CONDITIONS FURTHER INTENSIFIED THIS WEEK IN NORTH DAKOTA. 27-PERCENT IS NOW IN SEVERE DROUGHT - 13 POINTS WORSE THAN LAST WEEK. EXPANDING DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE FORCING NORTH DAKOTA RANCHER'S TO  CONSIDER WORST CASE SCENARIOS TO FIND ENOUGH FORAGE TO GET CATTLE  THROUGH THE SUMMER AND THE UPCOMING WINTER.   AFTER TOURING SOME OF THE DRIEST AREAS OF THE STATE, NORTH DAKOTA  AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER DOUG GOEHRING IS ADVOCATING CROP  INSURANCE AND CRP REGULATIONS BE RELAXED TO PROVIDE SOME RELIEF FOR  PRODUCERS WHO ARE RUNNING SHORT OF FEED. CLIFF NAYLOR REPORTS.   THERE'S NOT A LOT HERE........ THE GRASS IN THIS PASTURE SHOULD BE TWICE AS HIGH AS IT IS NOW. KEVIN SEDIVEC, NDSU RANGE SPECIALIST:  MOST OF OUR GRASS LANDS ON THE WESTERN TWO-THIRDS  OF THE STATE LOOK LIKE THIS PASTURE, THEY'RE BROWN.  NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER  DOUG GOEHRING SAW FIRST HAND JUST HOW DRY AREAS OF THE STATE ARE DURING A TOUR OF DROUGHT  STRICKEN RANCHES.  DOUG GOEHRING:  THE TOUGH THING FOR GUYS TRYING TO DRY-LOTTING RIGHT NOW IS  FINDING ANY FORAGE AT ALL AND THAT MAY MEAN GOING AS FAR AS MINNESOTA, IOWA, ILLINOIS AND  INDIANA JUST TO GET SOME FEED BROUGHT BACK IN. HAULING HAY ISN'T AN ECONOMICAL SOLUTION FOR  RANCHER TIM KVAMME.  TIM KVAMME:  WHERE THERE IS FEED IT IS SO FAR AWAY THAT THE FREIGHT  ON IT, IT GETS PROHIBITIVE TO BUY. GOEHRING PLANS ON WORKING WITH USDA TO MOVE UP DATES FOR  THE HAYING OF CRP LAND.  HE ALSO WANTS TO PUSH FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM TO DECLARE  LOSSES NOW AND RELEASE THOSE ACRES SO IT CAN BE GRAZED OR REPLANTED WITH COVER CROPS.   DOUG GOEHRING:  PLANT SOME SEDAN SORGHUM, SOME SORGHUM OUT HERE SOME MILLETS,  SOMETHING TO GET SOME GRASS, GET SOME FEED FOR THIS WINTER. RANCHER TIM KVAMME SAYS AS  BAD AS THINGS ARE, A LITTLE RAIN NOW WOULD STILL GO A LONG WAY. TIM KVAMME:  WE'VE GOT CORN IN  THAT WE CHOP FOR SILAGE, RIGHT NOW IT'S THREE INCHES TALL AND SITTING THERE SO SOME RAIN WOULD  GET THAT GROWING SO WE'D HAVE SOME SILAGE TO CHOP WHICH WOULD HELP TREMENDOUSLY. USDA  REQUIRES AN AREA TO BE IN SEVERE DROUGHT FOR EIGHT WEEKS BEFORE CONSERVATION RESERVE  PROGRAM LAND CAN BE RELEASED. THAT TIMELINE WOULD PROHIBIT HAYING CRP UNTIL AUGUST FIRST,  WHICH WOULD BE TOO LATE FOR MANY PRODUCERS IN NEED OF FEED NOW. I'M CLIFF NAYLOR REPORTING  FOR AGDAY. CLIFF SAYS DROUGHT STRICKEN REGIONS OF NORTH DAKOTA RECEIVED UP TO  TWO INCHES OF RAIN MONDAY, BUT EVEN WITH THAT MOISTURE, MANY AREAS OF  THE STATE ANNUAL RAINFALL IS STILL THREE TO FIVE INCHES SHORT.  AS BAD AS THE DROUGHT IS BECOMING IN NORTH DAKOTA. IT'S STILL NOT HITTING THE D-3 OR EXTREME CATEGORY WHICH WOULD TRIGGER EMERGENCY  GRAZING ON C-R-P ACRES. LIKEWISE IN SOUTH DAKOTA. STILL NO D-3 DROUGHT THERE. BUT CONDITIONS  HAVE WORSENED.  80-PERCENT OF THE STATE IS AT SOME LEVEL OF DRYNESS.  SENATORS JOHN THUNE AND MIKE ROUNDS WANT USDA TO TAKE QUICK ACTION  IF CONDITIONS WORSEN.  IN A LETTER TO AG SECRETARY SONNY PERDUE THE SENATORS ARE ASKING THAT  THE 977-THOUSAND CRP-ENROLLED ACRES IN SOUTH DAKOTA BE MADE AVAILABLE FOR HAYING AND GRAZING ONCE THE DROUGHT THRESHHOLDS ARE  REACHED. HERE'S A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE OF THE DROUGHT. THE DARK GREEEN AREAS  REPRESENT MAJOR HAY AREAS. USDA SAYS 15-PERCENT OF THE NATION'S  ALFALFA HAY ACREAGE IS WITHIN AN AREA OF DROUGHT. AND AS YOU CAN SEE  NEARLY ALL OF NORTH DAKOTA AND MUCH OF SOUTH DAKOTA HAY FIELDS ARE IN  THAT AREA. NORTH DAKOTA HAS ABOUT ONE-AND-HALF MILLION ACRES OF ALFALA. BUT IT'S  "ALL HAY" ACREAGE HITS TWO-POINT-SEVEN MILLION ACRES. DROUGHT IN POCKETS OF THE WEST, BUT RAIN AND HAIL SEEN THIS WEEK  THROUGHOUT FARM COUNTRY.

CROP COMMENTS
MIKE HOFFMAN HAS A LOOK IN THIS MORNING'S  CROP COMMENTS. GOOD MORNING, CLINTON.  LET'S START OFF IN SOUTHCENTRAL NEBRASKA - RANDY UHRMACHER RECEIVED HAIL ON HIS FIELDS WITH SOME  THUNDERSTORMS EARLIER THIS WEEK. HE SAYS THE CROPS ARE STILL YOUNG  SO IT SHOULDN'T CAUSE TOO MUCH DAMAGE.  AND RON HAASE OVER IN EAST CENTRAL ILLINOIS SENDING US THESE AERIAL  PHOTOS. HE SAYS 'THE FLOOD HAS RETURNED.'  USDA SAYS 58 PERCENT OF THE STATE'S CORN CROP AND 66 PERCENT OF THE  SOYBEAN CROP IS GOOD TO EXCELLENT. AND NOW HERE ARE SOME HOMETOWN TEMPS.

TEASE
SOME WHEAT GROWERS IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS ARE CHOPPING WHEAT FOR  FEED AS THE DROUGHT LINGERS. WE'LL TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT SPRING WHEAT  MARKETS. AND THEN WE'LL HEAD TO THE FIELDS WITH MISSY BAUER AS WE LOOK AT A SOY  CROP PUTTING TOO MUCH ENERGY INTO THE PLANT AND NOT ENOUGH INTO THE  POD. HOW DO YOU MANAGE IT? AND FIND OUT HOW A WEEVIL IS ACTUALLY BENEFICIAL WHEN IT COMES TO  CONTROLLING SOME INVASIVE PLANTS.

FLOOR OF THE CME
IN AGRIBUSINESS - GRAIN MARKETS CLOSED MOSTLY HIGHER IN CHICAGO. LET'S  GET AN UPDATE ON THURSDAYS ACTION AT THE CME. LOOKING AT THE DECEMBER CORN CONTRACT 395 THAT WAS THE TOP END OF THE RANGE THAT WE HAD  BEEN STUCK IN FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. WE FAILED BELOW THAT HERE OVER THE PAST 24 HOURS BUT  HAVE REGAINED THAT. WE NEED TO SEE CONSECUTIVE CLOSES ABOVE THAT LEVEL DEPRESSES HIGHER.  WE KNOW FUNDS STILL HAVE A RATHER GOOD SIZED NET SHORT POSITION. SO IF WE DO CLOSE ABOVE THIS  AND GET SOME FAVORABLE, UH WEATHER CONDITIONS AND BY FAVORABLE I MEAN FAVORABLE TO THE  BULLS WE COULD PROPEL US UP ABOVE THAT 404 LEVEL WHICH IS GOING TO BE KEY ON A CLOSING  BASIS. BUT WE'VE SEEN A LOT OF PRESSURE COME INTO THE CATTLE COMPLEX OVER THE PAST WEEK TO  WEEK AND A HALF WITH THE LIVE CATTLE CONTRACT TRADING ABOUT $10 OFF OF THE RECENT HIGHS OF 127  TESTING THAT 117 LEVEL. THIS IS GOING BE VERY PIVOTAL AS WE CLOSE OUT THE WEEK WE'RE STARTING TO  GET TOWARD SOME OVERSOLD LEVELS AND THAT DOES NOT MEAN THE SELLING HAS EVAPORATED JUST YET.  WE COULD SEE A LITTLE BIT OF A RELIEF RALLY GOING INTO THE WEEKEND. BUT ULTIMATELY I THINK THE  BEARS HAVE TAKEN FULL CONTROL OF THIS MARKET.

AGRIBUSINESS
PETE MEYER PIRA ENERGY OUR GUEST HERE AT THE AGRIBUSINESS DESK. PETE LET'S TALK ABOUT THE  WHEAT SITUATION BECAUSE THAT WASDE REPORT THAT CAME OUT LAST WEEK THEY RAISED SOME  PRODUCTION IN KANSAS PLACES WHERE WE THOUGHT MAYBE WE'RE WEREN'T GOING TO HAVE AS MUCH  PRODUCTION BECAUSE OF THOSE STORMS. DO YOU AGREE WITH THAT. IS THAT IN LINE WITH WHAT YOU'RE  THINKING. YEAH I HAVE. I HAVE NO PROBLEM WITH THEIR H R W NUMBER THAT'S ACTUALLY JUST WITHIN  THREE OR FOUR MILLION BUSHELS OF MINE. I DID RAISE MY AGE HRW. NUMBER JUST RECENTLY BECAUSE  BOOTS ON THE GROUND TOLD ME THAT THE KANSAS DAMAGE WASN'T QUITE AS BAD. I THINK TOO MANY  PEOPLE KILLED THE KANSAS CROP RIGHT. THE ISSUE REALLY IS WHAT'S HAPPENING TO THE NORTH. YOUR  SPRING WHEAT YOUR MINNEAPOLIS CONTRACT. FIFTY THREE PERCENT OF THAT IS PLANT IN NORTH DAKOTA  SOUTH DAKOTA RIGHT IN THE FACE OF THIS BLAST FURNACE. AND WE RELY ON THOSE ON THOSE ON THE  SPRING WHEAT IN THAT AREA TO BOOST UP THE PROTEIN OF OUR LOWER QUALITY STUFF. SO WHAT I DO  WORRY ABOUT IS THAT THIS SPREAD BETWEEN MINNEAPOLIS AND CHICAGO WHICH HAS A TRACK RECORD  OF RUINING MORE THAN ONE CAREER OVER THE YEARS. IT'S JUST GOING TO IT'S GOING TO BE A TOUGH ONE.  ANYBODY OUT THERE WHO PLAYS THAT SPREAD GOD BLESS THEM. I DON'T WANT TO GET INVOLVED. WELL  AS WE GO FORWARD PRODUCERS ARE OUT IN FIELDS NOW HARVESTING THIS CROP. IS THERE ANY INDICATION  ON WHETHER THIS IS A STORE OR A SELL OFF THAT COME IN COME YEAR WHAT DO WE KNOW. BOY THAT'S  THAT'S TOUGH AND YOU KNOW THE ONE THE ONE COMMENT THAT I KEEP GETTING IS THAT THEY WOULD  HAVE THOUGHT IN SOME AREAS OF KANSAS THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO TAKE IT OFF ALREADY BUT  IT'S JUST NOT QUITE READY YET. SO I'M I'M ACTUALLY ON MY WAY TO KANSAS NEXT WEEK AND I'M SORRY  THAT WE'RE A WEEK AT A TIME BUT I WANT TO SEE WHAT'S WHAT'S GOING ON THERE. I THINK IT SURPRISED  A FEW PEOPLE THAT IT'S JUST NOT READY TO GO YET. OUTSIDE OF THAT IT'S YOU KNOW HRW YOU'RE KIND  OF CAUGHT IN THE MIDDLE. SO I DON'T REALLY HAVE MUCH FEEL MUCH FEEL FOR IT AT THE MOMENT  REGARDING A DISTINCT RECOMMENDATION RIGHT AS FAR AS WE LOOK AT THE GLOBAL SITUATION THOUGH I  MEAN GLOBALLY WE STILL HAVE A BIG CROP OUT THERE RIGHT THAT WE'RE DEALING WITH THAT WE HAVE A  BIG CROP AND WE ALSO ARE COMING OFF A FRENCH FAILURE LAST YEAR WHERE THE RUSSIANS GRABBED  THE ENTIRE MARKET. I MEAN YOU WOULD HOPE YOU WOULD HOPE THAT WE'D BE ABLE TO GET A LITTLE BIT  MORE OF THAT OF THAT WHEAT MARKET SEGMENT BACK. THE RUSSIANS ARE DOMINATING THE MARKET.  THE FRENCH YOU KNOW THEY'RE THEY'RE NOT EXACTLY HAVING A GREAT TIME FOR THE SECOND YEAR IN A  ROW AND TRYING TO GET THE SPRING CROPS. AND SO YEAH IT'S LOOK WE DEFINITELY HAVE THIS  OVERHANG. NO QUESTION ABOUT IT. QUITE A BIT OF DYNAMIC SITUATION OUT THERE FOR WHEAT  APPRECIATE IT PETE. WE'LL BE BACK WITH MORE AGDAY IN JUST MINUTE

WEATHER
WELCOME BACK TO AGDAY HERE WITH METEOROLOGIST MIKE HOFFMAN. MIKE AS WE LOOK AT THIS  DROUGHT MONITOR, YES THERE ARE SOME PLACES GETTING WORSE BUT I STILL CAN'T BELIEVE HOW MUCH  FLORIDA IMPROVED. IT'S AMAZING HOW FAST THAT HAPPENED AND IT'S AMAZING HOW LITTLE DROUGHT  WE REALLY ARE SEEN ACROSS THE COUNTRY. SO WE'RE SHIFTING OUR FOCUS OF CONCERN REALLY FROM THE  FLORIDA AREA TO A COUPLE OF SPOTS IN THE MIDWEST MAINLY NORTH DAKOTA NORTHERN SOUTH DAKOTA  AND THERE IS SOME CONCERN IN THE CENTRAL MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AS WELL. THE AREAS THAT HAVEN'T  HAD ANY RAIN OVER THE PAST SEVERAL DAYS BUT SOME OF THAT AREA DID GET SOME RAIN. THIS IS  WHAT LOOKED LIKE FOUR WEEKS AGO. YOU CAN SEE HOW MUCH DROUGHT THERE WAS IN FLORIDA. YOU  SEE HOW LITTLE THERE WAS THROUGH THE PLAINS STATES IN THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL MISSISSIPPI  VALLEY. BUT OVER THE LAST FOUR WEEKS WE'VE SEEN KIND OF THE SHIFT IT'S GOING AWAY IN FLORIDA. IT'S  EXPANDING IN PARTS OF THE MIDWEST SO WE'LL BE WATCHING THAT FOR YOU. THERE'S OUR WEATHER  MAP THIS MORNING COLD FRONT INTO THE EAST MAINLY SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ALONG THAT  THERE'S NOT A LOT BEHIND THIS BUT THERE WILL BE SOME SCATTERED ACTIVITY. THIS IS A DECENT SYSTEM  COMING INTO THE WEST AND IT'S EVENTUALLY COMING INTO THE PLAINS STATES AS WE HEAD THROUGH  THE DAY TODAY. SEE THE HIT AND MISS AFTERNOON THUNDERSTORMS UP AND DOWN THE EAST COAST  GULF COAST AREA AS WELL. AND JUST A FEW SPOTS ACROSS THE MIDWEST. NOT TOO MANY AREAS GET A  WHOLE BUNCH OF RAIN TODAY. TAKE A LOOK AT TONIGHT. YOU CAN SEE HOW THE SECONDARY FRONT  MOVING ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES STILL CAUSING SOME AREAS OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS BUT  THOSE WON'T BE WIDESPREAD AND YOU CAN SEE THAT SYSTEM COMING INTO THE DAKOTAS.  UNFORTUNATELY IT LOOKS LIKE THAT KIND OF CAME THROUGH THE DAKOTAS WITH SOME RAIN BUT NOT A LOT  OF WIDESPREAD RAIN. BY THE TIME WE GET TO LATE IN THE DAY TOMORROW THAT'S MOVING INTO THE  WESTERN GREAT LAKES WITH SOME SHOWERS AND STORMS AND A HIT AND MISS ACTIVITY CONTINUES  THROUGHOUT THE SOUTHEAST. TAKE A LOOK A PRECIPITATION ESTIMATE OVER THE PAST 24 HOURS YOU  CAN SEE A LOT OF IT'S BEEN UP AND DOWN THE APPALACHIANS DOWN INTO THE GULF COAST AREA.  ADDING IN THE NEXT 36 HOURS THAT'S GOING TO BE THE FOCUS ONCE AGAIN AS THE EAST COAST AND  THE GULF COAST ESPECIALLY FROM LOUISIANA EASTWARD AND THEN ALSO YOU CAN SEE POCKETS SOME  OF THESE THESE WEAK FRONTS COME IN ACROSS THE NORTHERN TIER OF STATES WILL CAUSE SOME AREAS  OF SHOWERS AND STORMS. HIGH TEMPERATURES 80S AND 90S FROM THE GULF FROM THE GREAT LAKES  DOWN TO THE GULF A FEW 100S SHOWING UP AS WELL COOL IN THE NORTHWEST AND COOL IN THE  NORTHEAST. THAT'S BEEN THE THEME THIS WHOLE WEEK. SO A PRETTY MUGGY THROUGH THE  MIDSECTION OF THE COUNTRY TONIGHT. HIGHS TOMORROW LOTS OF 80S AND 90S AND LOOK AT THAT LARGE AREA OF TRIPLE DIGITS SHOWING UP FROM KANSAS INTO THE PANHANDLE OF TEXAS. AND THERE'S THE JET  STREAM YOU CAN SEE A LITTLE BIT OF A TROUGH DIGGING AND OVER THE WEEKEND INTO THE GREAT  LAKES. ANOTHER PIECE OF ENERGY DIVES IN AND YET A THIRD PIECE AS WE HEAD THROUGH NEXT  WEEK. BUT THE HEAT CONTINUES IN THE WEST. THAT'S A LOOK ACROSS THE COUNTRY NOW LET'S TAKE A  LOOK AT SOME LOCAL FORECASTS. FIRST OF ALL CHICO CALIFORNIA PARTLY SUNNY HOT AND RATHER HUMID  HIGH OF 98 DEGREES. LINCOLN NEBRASKA PARTLY SUNNY AND HOT. A STRONG AFTERNOON THUNDERSTORM  HIGH OF 92 AND HUNTSVILLE ALABAMA. HOT AND HUMID A SPOTTY AFTERNOON THUNDERSTORM HIGH  AROUND 91.

TEASE
UP NEXT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT SOYBEAN GROWTH  AND MAXIMIZING YIELDS ON  FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE TV. AND LATER, USING WEEVILS AS A WEAPON AGAINST AN AQUATIC PEST.

FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE TV
SOYBEANS ARE OFF AND GROWING IN MOST INSTANCES. IN FARM JOURNAL COLLEGE TV AGRONOMIST MISSY BAUER JOINS US TO TALK  ABOUT BEAN GROWTH AND THE IMPACT ON YIELDS. MISSY WHEN WE'RE TALKING ABOUT SOYBEANS I THINK WE'VE ALL DRIVEN BY  THE FIELD THAT LOOKED LIKE THE SOYBEANS WERE UP PAST THE CAB OF THE  TRUCK JUST REALLY HUGE. TALK TO US ABOUT MANAGING THE GROWTH OF OUR  SOYBEANS. AND REALLY WHAT ARE WE LOOKING FOR. WHAT'S IDEAL YEAH THAT'S  ONE THING THAT IT'S HARD TO KIND OF GET YOUR ARMS AROUND BECAUSE YOU  SEE THAT FIELD THAT'S NICE AND BIG AND TALL AND YOU THINK IT'S REALLY  GOING TO YIELD WELL BUT IN REALITY THAT THOSE ARE TYPICALLY THE FIELDS  THAT YIELD LOWER. AND WHAT HAPPENS IS WHEN OUR BEANS GET TOO BIG AND  TOO GROWTHY THE THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE NODES BECOMES VERY  SPACED OUT. SO YOU CAN SEE ON THIS PLANT THESE NODES ARE THE SPOTS  WHERE WE'VE GOT PODS HERE ARE STACKED PRETTY TIGHT TOGETHER. RIGHT.  THAT'S WHAT WE'RE LOOKING AFTER WHEN THEY GET SPACED OUT WE HAVE A  PLANT FROM HARVEST TIME HERE WHEN THEY REALLY GET START SPACED OUT  IN BETWEEN HERE. YOU MIGHT HAVE A TALLER PLANT BUT WE HAVE NO MORE  TOTAL NODES ON THIS PLANT. WE ACTUALLY END UP SOMETIMES WITH EVEN  FEWER NODES. REMEMBER IT'S THE NODES ARE GOING TO BE THE SPOTS  WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY HAVE THESE PODS OR HAVE BRANCHES THAT COULD  HAVE PODS ON THEM. SO BIG GROWTHY THE BEANS GET TO LENGTHENED OUT.  THEN WHAT HAPPENS IS WE GOING TO INCREASE DISEASE PRESSURE. OK.  BECAUSE THE HUMIDITY LEVELS IN THE CANOPY WITH BIG GROWTH THE BEANS  ARE MUCH HIGHER IN THIS CASE WHITE MOLD TOOK OVER THEN BUT IT COULD BE OTHER DISEASES AS WELL. WHEN WE HAVE THOSE HIGH HUMIDITY LEVELS IN  THE CANOPY. IS IT JUST HUMIDITY OR WHAT DOES ADD HUMIDITY DO FOR THE  GROWTH OF THE PLANT. SO AS HUMIDITY LEVELS INCREASE IN THE PLANT SO  ONCE OUR ROWS ARE CLOSED TEMPERATURE STAYS RELATIVELY CONSTANT  INSIDE THIS CANOPY SO IF YOU'RE LOOKING DOWN IN THE CANOPY WHAT'S  HAPPENING IN BETWEEN THERE. TEMPERATURE IS PRETTY CONSTANT AFTER  THEY'RE CLOSED BUT HUMIDITY LEVELS WILL WILL RISE YOU BETTER GROW TO  YOUR BEANS OR YOU GOT TO HIVE PLANT POPULATIONS HUMIDITY GOES UP IN  THIS HUMIDITY GOES UP. TEMPERATURE REMAINS CONSTANT. WHAT WE'VE SEEN  IS THAT FREE WATER VAPOR REDUCES CO2 LEVELS IN THE CANOPY OK AND  CARBON DIOXIDE IS A DRIVING FACTOR IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS. SO IN  PHOTOSYNTHESIS YOU WANT TO HAVE GOOD CO2 LEVELS INSIDE THE CANOPY.  SO IF WE REDUCE CO2 LEVELS IN THE CANOPY WE'LL TYPICALLY SEE YIELDS GO  DOWN. THANKS MISSY. WHAT ABOUT THE PLANTS YOU DON'T WANT TO GROW...IT'S BEEN AN ISSUE IN  SOME LOUISIANA WATER. BUT NEXT SCIENTISTS THINK THEY MAY HAVE A NEW FRIEND IN THE FIGHT.

IN THE COUNTRY
IN THE COUNTRY - SPONSORED BY KUBOTA'S FULL LINE OF FIELD-PROVEN HAY TOOLS.  EXPLORE THE FULL  LINE UP AT KUBOTA.COM.  OR VISIT YOUR LOCAL KUBOTA DEALER TODAY. AN INVASIVE AQUATIC PLANT CONTINUES TO CAUSE PROBLEMS IN LOUISIANA.  BUT RESEARCHERS ARE FINDING SUCCESS USING A WEEVIL AS A WEAPON.  LSU AGCENTER'S CRAIG GAUTREAUX HAS THE STORY.  GIANT SALVINIA, AN AQUATIC PLANT NATIVE TO BRAZIL, CONTINUES TO PLAGUE WATERWAYS ACROSS  LOUISIANA AND OTHER SOUTHERN STATES. RESEARCHERS WITH THE LSU AGCENTER AND OTHER  GOVERNMENT AGENCIES ARE PUTTING WEEVILS INTO INFESTED AREAS TO HELP SLOW THE SPREAD OF THE  PLANT. CHARLES WAHL: WE BRING THE WEEVILS, THE ADULT AND LARVAL STAGE OF THE WEEVILS, OUT INTO  THE FIELD WHERE THERE IS NATURAL INFESTATION WITH LITTLE TO NO WEEVIL ACTIVITY THERE. SO IT'S A  NATURAL WAY TO CONTROL GIANT SALVINIA INFESTATIONS. USING WEEVILS AS A BIOLOGICAL CONTROL HAS  WORKED IN AUSTRALIA, BUT THE POPULATION OF WEEVILS MUST REACH A CERTAIN LEVEL TO BE EFFECTIVE.  WAHL'S RESEARCH INDICATES THERE SHOULD BE THIRTY WEEVILS FOR EVERY KILOGRAM OF SALVINIA TO GET  SOME FORM OF CONTROL.  WAHL: ONCE YOU GET ABOVE 30 IS WHEN YOU SEE A DEFINITE BROWNING OF  THE POND, AND YOU SEE PLANT QUALITY DECREASING AND THE PRODUCTION OF NEW BUDS DECREASING  AS WELL. WAHL ESTIMATES THE NUMBER OF WEEVILS IN THE REARING POND AT AROUND 70 WEEVILS PER  KILOGRAM OF SALVINIA. WHILE OTHER INSECTS DO FEED ON SALVINIA, THE WEEVIL IS THE ONLY ONE THAT  WILL ACTUALLY KILL THE PLANT. THE WEEVIL WILL CUT OFF THE FLOW OF NUTRIENTS TO THE PLANT KILLING IT AS  OPPOSED TO THE SAMMIA WHICH IS JUST EATING THE LEAVES AND THAT'S NOT ENOUGH TO CUT OFF THE  FLOW OF ENERGY TO PRODUCE NEW LEAVES. RESEARCHERS HAVE CONDUCTED WEEVIL RELEASES IN THE  PAST, BUT THEIR SURVIVAL HAS BEEN HAMPERED BY COLD WEATHER EXPERIENCED IN THE NORTHERN  HEMISPHERE. IT ALSO TAKES TIME FOR THE WEEVILS TO ESTABLISH THEMSELVES IN NEW ENVIRONMENTS.  THE BIG THING IS TIME. YOU NEED TO HAVE TIME AND BE PATIENT ENOUGH FOR THEM TO INCREASE  POPULATIONS TO THE SIZE FOR EFFECTIVE CONTROL FOR GIANT SALVINIA. THE WEEVILS ARE BEING REARED IN  QUARTER ACRE PONDS. EACH POND IS WHICH ARE CAPABLE OF FILLING NEARLY 800 TOTES, WHICH CONTAIN  HIGH NUMBER OF WEEVILS. WITH THE LSU AGCENTER, THIS IS CRAIG GAUTREAUX REPORTING. )

CLOSE
THAT'S ALL THE TIME WE HAVE THIS MORNING. WE'RE GLAD YOU TUNED IN.FOR MIKE HOFFMAN, AND ALL OF US AT AGDAY. I'M CLINTON GRIFFITHS. HAVE A  GREAT DAY.

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