August 12 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

August 12, 2015 11:21 AM
 
August 12 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary


July Agricultural Summary

A band stretching from the southern Rocky Mountains through the southern Great Plains in Oklahoma and northern Texas and into the middle Mississippi and Ohio River valleys had areas recording over 200 percent of normal precipitation for the month of July. In the eastern Corn Belt, additional rainfall on already saturated soils made it difficult to complete summer fieldwork and deteriorated crop conditions. Areas in southern California recorded over 800 percent of normal precipitation for the month providing minor relief to severe drought conditions in the region. Monthly average temperatures more than 4°F above normal in the Pacific Northwest and portions of California, Oregon, and Washington and under 0.5 inch of precipitation during the month exacerbated dry conditions in the region. Slightly below-average temperatures across most of the northern Great Plains and the Corn Belt kept row crop progress slightly behind historical levels.

By June 28, corn silking was estimated at 4 percent complete, equal to last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. All estimating States except Michigan observed silking progress at or behind the 5-year average at the beginning of the month. Corn silking advanced to 27 percent complete by July 12, four percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Despite below-average temperatures in most of the major corn-producing regions, silking progress advanced more than 20 percentage points during the second week of the month in Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the silking stage by July 26, three percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Above-average temperatures in the northern Corn Belt advanced silking progress more than 35 percentage points during the week ending July 26 in Minnesota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. By July 26, fourteen percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety percent of the corn was at or beyond the silking stage by August 2, two percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By August 2, twenty-nine percent of the Nation's corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, 4 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. In eleven of the eighteen major estimating States, the percentage of the crop in the dough stage was behind the 5-year average at month's end. Overall, 70 percent of the corn was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, up 2 percentage points from June 28 but 3 percentage points below the same time last year.

By June 28, ninety-three percent of the Nation's sorghum was planted, slightly ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 28, twenty-one percent of the sorghum crop was at or beyond the heading stage, equal to last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Major heading progress was limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, but a small percentage of the crop was heading in the more northern States of Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma at the beginning of July. By July 19, thirty-three percent of the sorghum was at or beyond the heading stage, 7 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By July 19, twenty percent of the sorghum was at or beyond the coloring stage, 5 percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Sorghum producers in Texas continued to treat for sugarcane aphids. By August 2, fifty-seven percent of the Nation's sorghum was at or beyond the heading stage, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Due to above-normal temperatures and adequate precipitation, one-third of the Kansas sorghum crop was headed by the end of the month. Nationally, 29 percent of this year's crop was at or beyond the coloring stage by August 2, five percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the sorghum was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, unchanged from the beginning of the month but 9 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Heading of this year's oat crop advanced to 83 percent complete by June 28, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading was at or ahead of the 5-year average at the beginning of the month in all estimating States except Pennsylvania. By July 5, heading of the Nation's oat crop advanced to 92 percent complete, 14 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Oat heading progress was 33 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in North Dakota and 21 percentage points ahead in Minnesota on July 5. By July 19, producers had harvested 16 percent of the Nation's oat crop, up slightly from last year but 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress was behind the 5-year average in all estimating States except South Dakota and Texas by July 19. Oat producers had harvested 43 percent of this year's crop by August 2, five percentage points ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the oats were reported in good to excellent condition by month's end, compared with 67 percent on June 28 and 63 percent at the same time last year.

Heading of the Nation's barley crop advanced to 62 percent complete by June 28, thirty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 36 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the barley was at or beyond the heading stage by July 12, fifteen percentage points ahead of last year and 26 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading progress was at least 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in all five estimating States on July 12. By July 26, barley producers had harvested 5 percent of the Nation's crop, 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 2, barley producers had harvested 17 percent of the Nation's crop, 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the barley was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, down 5 percentage points from June 28 but 2 percentage points above the same time last year.

By June 28, producers had harvested 38 percent of the winter wheat crop, 4 percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By July 5, fifty-five percent of the winter wheat was harvested, equal to last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Despite harvest progress advancing 17 percentage points Nationally during the first week of July, Indiana, Missouri, and Ohio remained at least 20 percentage points behind their respective State 5-year averages for harvest progress. Overall, 40 percent of the winter wheat was reported in good to excellent condition on July 5, down from 41 percent in the two categories on June 28 but 9 percentage points higher than at the same time last year. By July 19, seventy-five percent of this year's winter wheat crop was harvested, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. By the third week of the month harvest progress was well ahead of normal in the Pacific Northwest, 35 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Oregon and 29 percentage points ahead in Washington. Conversely, wet conditions continued to slow harvest progress in the eastern Corn Belt, 51 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Michigan and 35 percentage points behind in Ohio. By August 2, producers had harvested 93 percent of the 2015 winter wheat crop, 4 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By June 28, forty-nine percent of the spring wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 25 percentage points ahead of last year and 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-one percent of the spring wheat was at or beyond the heading stage by July 12, twenty-five percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Sunny conditions facilitated rapid development in Montana, with heading advancing 27 percentage points during the second week of the month. By July 26, two percent of the spring wheat crop was harvested, slightly ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 2, eight percent of the spring wheat was harvested, 5 percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 70 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, down 2 percentage points from June 28 but equal to the same time last year.

By June 28, sixteen percent of the rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading of the rice crop advanced to 25 percent complete by July 5, nine percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Forty percent of this year's rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage by July 19, nine percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Louisiana producers reported that some rice was nearing maturity and several fields had been drained by the third week of the month. Heading of the Nation's rice crop advanced to 63 percent complete by August 2, six percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading progress was ahead of average in all of the major rice-producing States during the final week of the month except Texas. Overall, 70 percent of the rice was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, up 2 percentage points from June 28 but slightly below than the same time last year.

Nationally, 89 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by June 28, four percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 28, eight percent of the soybean crop was blooming, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. At the beginning of the month progress was most advanced in the Mississippi Delta, with 69 percent blooming in Louisiana, 43 percent in Mississippi, and 42 percent in Arkansas. By July 5, ninety-three percent of the soybean crop had emerged, 4 percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Missouri continued to lag the rest of the Nation, with just 73 percent planted and 60 percent emerged by July 5. Nationally, 21 percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the blooming stage on July 5, slightly behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. Fifty-six percent of this year's soybeans were at or beyond the blooming stage by July 19, slightly behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. All major estimating States had double-digit blooming advances during the week ending July 19 except Louisiana. By July 19, seventeen percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, slightly behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. By August 2, eighty-one percent of this year's soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, 3 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 2, fifty-four percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the pod-setting stage, equal to last year but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Pod setting advanced by more than 20 percentage points during the final week of the month in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, and the Dakotas. Overall, 63 percent of the soybean crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, unchanged from June 28 but 8 percentage points below the same time last year.

Thirty-two percent of the peanut crop was pegging by June 28, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By July 12, fifty-nine percent of the peanuts had advanced to the pegging stage, slightly ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Double-digit advances in the pegging stage were observed during the second week of the month in all major estimating States except South Carolina and Texas. Seventy-three percent of the peanut crop was pegging by July 19, two percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Eighty-eight percent of the peanut crop was pegging by August 2, two percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Pegging in Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas was nearly complete by month's end. Overall, 75 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, compared with 71 percent on June 28 and 72 percent at the same time last year.

By June 28, eighty-nine percent of the sunflower crop was planted, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By July 5, ninety-eight percent of the Nation's sunflower crop was planted, slightly ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In North Dakota, sunflowers were rated 79 percent in the good to excellent categories on July 5, five percentage points below the same time last year.

Nationally, 35 percent of the cotton crop was squaring by June 28, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 5 percent of this year's cotton crop was setting bolls by June 28, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By July 5, forty-eight percent of this year's cotton was at or beyond the squaring stage, 3 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 10 percent of the cotton was setting bolls by July 5, slightly behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By July 19, seventy-six percent of this year's cotton was at or beyond the squaring stage, 7 percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Warm weather spurred cotton development in the central United States, with squaring progress advancing 44 percentage points during the third week of the month in Oklahoma and 26 percentage points in Missouri. Nationally, 33 percent of the crop was setting bolls by July 19, three percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Nationally, 92 percent of the cotton was at or beyond the squaring stage by August 2, two percentage points behind last year and the 5-year average. By August 2, bolls were setting on 57 percent of the Nation's crop, 8 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 57 percent of the cotton was reported in good to excellent condition on August 2, up slightly from June 28 and 4 percentage points better than the same time last year.
 

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