Cool Temps, Scattered Rains Improve Crop Conditions but Some Dryness Persists

August 5, 2013 11:06 AM
 

 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn is up slightly this week to 367.30 -- 2.71 points above week-ago and 118.50 above year-ago. The Pro Farmer CCI for soybeans stands at 362.87 -- 2.03 points above week-ago and 91.41 above year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

8/04/13

7/28/13

8/05/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.43
4.42
3.02

Illinois (14.56%)

56.62
53.71

29.50

Indiana (6.56%)

25.98
26.04

13.53

Iowa (17.95%)

60.84
62.09

45.35

Kansas (3.96%)

12.04
11.92
8.77

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.21
5.17

2.59

Michigan (2.72%)

10.28
10.44

6.25

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.13
39.56

33.43

Missouri (2.72%)

9.02
9.02

5.14

Nebraska (12.08%)

45.04
43.47
34.33

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.65
2.69

2.26

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.12
9.24

5.94

Ohio (4.19%)

17.17
16.92

10.23

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.26
4.20

1.67

S. Dakota (4.94%)

19.12
19.12

13.14

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.94
2.94

1.67

Texas (1.8%)

6.27
6.45

6.04

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.40
14.56

10.93

Corn total

367.30
364.59

248.80

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

8/04/13

7/28/13

8/05/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

14.05
13.73
12.31

Illinois (13.47%)

51.66
50.58

30.44

Indiana (7.83%)

30.02
29.94

18.64

Iowa
(14.86%)

50.50
51.38

40.88

Kansas (4.10%)

12.00
11.41
8.58

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.15
7.08

4.60

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.33
5.09

4.17

Michigan (2.60%)

10.37
10.35

7.45

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.49
35.06

31.48

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.13
9.93
10.23

Missouri (6.47%)

19.96
19.55

12.69

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.02
28.24

21.93

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.23
5.33

5.40

N. Dakota (3.77%)

15.66
16.28

12.66

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.08
25.88

17.96

S. Dakota (4.97%)

18.04
17.99

14.35

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.98
8.88

7.04

Soybean total

362.87
360.84

271.46

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Although some areas received precipitation, most of Iowa saw below average rainfall during the week ending August 4 , 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there was an average of 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. A total of 41 percent of topsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, a decrease of 8 percentage points from the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 23 percent very short, 36 percent short, 40 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Fifty-four percent of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus categories, down 6 percentage points from last week. Subsoil moisture levels rated 11 percent very short, 35 percent short, 53 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Eighty-eight per cent of the corn crop has tasseled, trailing the five-year average of 96 percent . Seventy - two percent of the corn crop was silking, well behind last year’s 99 percent and the normal 89 percent . Nineteen percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage , and some of the earliest planted corn has reached the dough stage. Corn condition declined slightly from the previous week, and was rated at 5 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 41 percent good and 10 percent excellent.

Seventy - nine percent of the soybean crop was blooming, behind last year’s 96 percent and the five - year average of 92 percent . Pods were being set on 35 percent of the soybean crop, well behind last year’s 74 percent and the normal 65 percent . Soybean condition decli ned slightly from last week and was rated 4 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 42 percent good and 10 percent excellent. Seventy - seven percent of the oat crop has been harvested, only 1 percent age point behind normal.

Illinois: Crop development was steady last week in most of the state. However, soybean development slowed down as some farmers were still awaiting a decent rainfall. Meanwhile, corn appeared healthy all around. The temperatures across the state averaged 69.7 degrees for the week, 4.4 degrees below normal. There were 5.7 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture across the state was rated as 2 percent very short, 23 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. Corn conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming progressed to 81 percent with soybean conditions rated as 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated as 4 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Activities included spraying fungicides, mowing pastures and roadsides, and maintaining irrigations.

Minnesota: Dry conditions gave Minnesota farmers an average of 6.5 days suitable for field work in Minnesota during the week ending August 4, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, temperatures remained below normal with a statewide weekly average of 63.8 degrees. An average of only 0.11 inches of rain was received statewide last week, reducing topsoil and subsoil moisture levels to 38 and 28 percent short to very short, respectively. The South Central region was the driest region, with no measurable rainfall reported.

Eighty-four percent of Minnesota's corn was at or beyond the silking stage, compared to the five year average of 91 percent. Fourteen percent of corn had reached the milk or beyond stage, over two weeks behind last year. Corn conditions declined slightly for the second consecutive week, rating at 60 percent good or excellent.

Eighty-one percent of the soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, an advancement of 13 percentage points from the previous week. Twenty-eight percent of soybeans were setting pods, 23 percentage points behind normal. Soybean conditions also declined slightly for the second consecutive week, rating at 61 percent good or excellent.

Indiana: Moderate temperatures and fairly widespread rain showers during the week were beneficial to field crops and pastures , according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Aerial fungicide applications continued to be made to corn fields . Also, soybean fields were being sprayed for weeds.

There were 5.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-three percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 98 percent last year and 90 percent for the 5-year average. Thirteen percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 65 percent last year and 31 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 76 percent good to excellent compared with 7 percent last year at this time.

Eighty-four percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 93 percent last year and 80 percent for the 5-year average. Fifty-five percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 64 percent last year and 41 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 76 percent good to excellent compared with 15 percent last year.
 

South Dakota: For the week ending August 4, 2013, below normal temperatures across the entire state slowed crop development , according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain showers were reported across most of the state. Lack of moisture in some areas was having a negative impact on crop development. Cooler temperatures improved range and pasture conditions. Statewide, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 23 short, 66 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 26 short, 63 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending August 4, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Scattered showers and cool temperatures abounded this week. The continued lower than average temperatures have some growers concerned with the lack of growing degree days. This, coupled with a crop that was planted later than usual, has many growers hoping for a late frost. Corn condition remains very good and overall the ample rainfall has benefited the crop. Although the cooler temperatures are slowing crop development, it is minimizing stress.

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