Corn & Soybean Condition Ratings Improve

July 1, 2013 10:47 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the corn and soybean crops ticked up by nearly 3 points each. The corn crop is now rated around 45 points over year-ago, while the bean crop is rated nearly 48 points better than year-ago. However, crop condition ratings do not take into account for the slow development of the crop or acres that went unplanted, which several state conditions updates note.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

6/30/13

6/23/13

7/01/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.35
4.49
3.80

Illinois (14.56%)

54.87

54.29

44.57

Indiana (6.56%)

26.17

25.72

17.69

Iowa (17.95%)

63.35

62.27

66.38

Kansas (3.96%)

14.14
14.06
12.34

Kentucky (1.23%)

4.95

4.94

3.51

Michigan (2.72%)

10.58

10.36

7.82

Minnesota (10.87%)

38.37

39.02

39.05

Missouri (2.72%)

9.72

9.45

7.75

Nebraska (12.08%)

47.22
46.73
41.70

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.61

2.61

2.33

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.57

9.39

6.79

Ohio (4.19%)

17.26

17.17

12.70

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.00
4.01

3.59

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.73

18.38

18.84

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.82

2.81

1.76

Texas (1.8%)

6.33

6.69

6.55

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.56

14.64

12.71

Corn total

372.70

369.97

327.61

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

6/30/13

6/23/13

7/01/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.85
13.97
12.39

Illinois (13.47%)

51.25

50.85

38.80

Indiana (7.83%)

29.56

29.41

20.60

Iowa
(14.86%)

51.67

50.94

52.62

Kansas (4.10%)

12.58
12.58
12.40

Kentucky (1.78%)

6.82

6.84

4.80

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.32

4.98

4.03

Michigan (2.60%)

10.13

10.15

7.91

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.01

34.20

34.38

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.21

9.82

9.95

Missouri (6.47%)

20.90
20.55

16.31

Nebraska (8.06%)

30.27

29.88

26.52

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.58

5.73

5.50

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.63

16.41

14.39

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.76
26.56

19.78

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.85

17.80

18.18

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00

1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.88

8.90

7.36

Soybean total

366.61

363.81

318.23

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

Iowa: Warmer and mostly drier conditions during the week ending June 30, 2013 allowed Iowa farmers to near completion of corn and soybeans planting, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Statewide there was an average of 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, only the third week of the year with more than four days suitable. The 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork in Northwest Iowa were the most in the state, and Northeast Iowa had the least amount with 2.9 days suitable.

Moisture levels for both topsoil and subsoil saw movement from the surplus rating into the adequate rating. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 1% short, 66% adequate and 33% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 2% short, 67% adequate and 31% surplus.

With 99% of the corn crop in the ground, Iowa farmers have virtually wrapped up planting. Ninety-six percent of the corn crop has emerged, about three weeks behind normal. The warmer weather helped the condition of corn and the good to excellent rating increased 3 percentage points from last week. Corn condition was rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 29% fair, 44% good and 13% excellent. Ninety-six percent of the soybean crop has been planted, about two weeks later than it normally takes soybeans to reach that mark. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop has emerged; 8 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans also benefitted from the warmer weather, with condition ratings improving slightly, to 3% very poor, 9% poor, 32% fair, 45% good and 11% excellent.

Illinois: Another wet week was in store for farmers due to excess rainfalls. The humidity increased as a result of temperatures rising. Farmers were unable to continue working in the field due to the rain. Corn and soybean growth, however, has improved and appears to be looking much better. The big concern this past week was all of the weeds that have rapidly grown and been spotted in soybean fields. Precipitation averaged 1.88 inches throughout the state, 0.94 inches above normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 75.6 degrees for the week, 1.3 degree above normal. There were 3.20 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 1% short, 72% adequate and 27% surplus.

Average corn height reached 32 inches. Corn conditions were rated as 2% very poor, 5% poor, 24% fair, 52% good, and 17% excellent. Soybeans emerged progressed to 93%. Soybean conditions were rated as 1% very poor, 4% poor, 23% fair, 58% good and 14% excellent. As harvest neared the halfway mark, winter wheat conditions were rated as 1% very poor, 4% poor, 22% fair, 42% good and 31% excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 30, 2013, above-normal temperatures combined with limited rainfall across the western two-thirds of Nebraska to stress spring planted crops and limit pasture growth, according to USDA's NASS. Rainfall amounts of up to an inch were common across much of the eastern third of the state. A few southern wheat fields were cut at week's end with harvest expected to gain momentum in southern counties in the coming days.

Statewide, producers had 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 32% short, 58% adequate, and 1% surplus, well above previous year. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 35% short, 42% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Corn conditions rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 19% fair, 62% good, and 16% excellent. Soybean conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 20% fair, 66% good, and 12% excellent. Soybeans emerged were 97%, compared to last year's 100% and 99% average. Two percent of the crop was blooming, behind 23% last year and 9% average.

Minnesota: Corn and soybean planting advanced slowly for Minnesota farmers during the week ending June 16, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 3.6 days suitable for field work, compared to 2.6 last week and 4.7 a year ago. The statewide temperature average for the week was 64.0 degrees, which is 0.5 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation totals were similar to normal at 1.06 inches of rain. Topsoil moisture supplies decreased to 0% very short, 2% short, 70% adequate, and 28% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also decreased to 1% very short, 6% short, 76% adequate and 17% surplus.

Corn planting moved ahead 4 percentage points to 94% complete. Corn emergence advanced 8 percentage points to 86%, compared to the five-year average of 99%. The statewide average corn height was 6 inches tall, compared to 22 inches last year, and the average of 13 inches. Corn condition improved to 58% good or excellent, compared to the previous week's 55%. Soybean planting was 84% complete, behind last year's 100% and the average of 99%. Soybean emergence advanced 26 percentage points to 64% emerged compared to last year's 99% and the average of 92%.

Indiana: Thunderstorms moved across the state during the week causing some wind damage and flash flooding, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Some southern counties received heavy rainfall leaving standing water in many crop fields. The major field crops showed good growth with the warm temperatures early in the week and ample moisture. There were 3.1 days suitable for field work during the week. Corn condition improved and is rated 79% good to excellent compared with 19% last year at this time.

Planting of soybeans is nearing completion in most areas with the exception of some southern counties and double cropped acreage. Ninety-six percent of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 100% last year and 93% for the five-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74% good to excellent compared with 20% last year at this time.


South Dakota: For the week ending June 30, 2013, dry conditions and above normal temperatures across most areas of the state helped crop development this week, according to the USDA's NASS. Statewide, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 11% short, 75% adequate, and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 22% short, 68% adequate, and 9% surplus. Major farm activities included haying and spraying.

Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 27% fair, 57% good, and 13% excellent. Soybean emerged was at 96%, behind last year at 100% but near 97% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 29% fair, 54% good, and 13% excellent.

Ohio: There were three days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 30, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. It rained for much of the week throughout the state, providing needed moisture to areas that were too dry, but also causing spot flooding in low lying areas. There were some reports of crop damage to wheat and corn in the northeastern part of the State due to high winds and hail. Corn and soybeans are growing rapidly due to the warm, wet weather.


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