Corn & Soybean Ratings Tick Higher

June 24, 2013 10:36 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the corn crop ticked nearly 6 points over the week prior, thanks to improvement in the rating of the Iowa and Illinois corn crops. Most other states also saw marginal improvement.

The CCI for soybeans also ticked up 2-plus points as the big-I states saw ratings tick up over the past week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

6/23/13

6/16/13

6/24/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.49
4.61
4.40

Illinois (14.56%)

54.29

51.96

48.80

Indiana (6.56%)

25.72

25.32

19.88

Iowa (17.95%)

62.27

60.66

68.39

Kansas (3.96%)

14.06
14.18
13.88

Kentucky (1.23%)

4.94

4.82

4.29

Michigan (2.72%)

10.36

10.42

8.94

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.02

38.69

39.65

Missouri (2.72%)

9.45

9.45

9.29

Nebraska (12.08%)

46.73
46.25
43.27

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.61

2.54

2.41

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.39

9.74

7.10

Ohio (4.19%)

17.17

16.92

14.33

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.01
3.96

3.94

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.38

18.58

19.25

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.81

2.76

2.20

Texas (1.8%)

6.69

6.35

6.49

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.64

14.60

13.79

Corn total

369.97

364.39

349.21

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

6/23/13

6/16/13

6/24/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.97
14.09
12.79

Illinois (13.47%)

50.85

49.50

41.76

Indiana (7.83%)

29.41

28.87

21.77

Iowa
(14.86%)

50.94

49.91

53.96

Kansas (4.10%)

12.58
12.51
13.46

Kentucky (1.78%)

6.84

6.70

5.77

Louisiana (1.16%)

4.98

5.05

4.17

Michigan (2.60%)

10.15

10.24

8.57

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.20

34.20

34.66

Mississippi (2.60%)

9.82

10.07

10.47

Missouri (6.47%)

20.55
20.20

18.25

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.88

30.03

28.38

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.73

5.59

5.48

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.41

16.85

14.99

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.56
26.69

21.61

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.80

18.28

18.77

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00

1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.90

8.45

7.93

Soybean total

363.81

361.37

335.73

 

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

Iowa: Warm and mostly dry weather allowed farmers to make progress getting crops planted during the week ending June 23, 2013, according to the USDA, National Ag Statistics Service (NASS). Statewide there was an average of 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. The week had the most days suitable for fieldwork in over a month, and the second most for the year. South East Iowa had the most suitable conditions for fieldwork and had 5.4 days suitable. Moisture levels for both topsoil and subsoil continue to be rated mostly adequate and surplus. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 1% short, 59% adequate and 40% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 1% short, 65% adequate and 34% surplus.

Iowa's corn crop was 96% planted, marking the first year since 1993 that any corn remained to be planted this late in the year. Ninety-three percent of the corn crop has emerged, normally all corn would be emerged. Corn condition showed a very slight improvement, and was rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 32% fair, 44% good and 10% excellent.

Ninety percent of the soybean crop has been planted, an advancement of 13 percentage points from last week, but still below the normal 98%. Seventy-five percent of the soybean crop has emerged; still well behind the five-year average of 94%. The soybean condition rating improved slightly, and was rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 44% good and 9% excellent. Sixty-seven percent of the oat crop was headed, almost catching up with the normal 72% headed. The oat condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 26% fair, 56% good and 12% excellent.

Illinois: Fieldwork was halted and crop development slowed as rain drenched the state again last week. Farmers stopped working when rain came and flooded out parts of their fields. Corn and soybean growth has been progressing, though some rows are uneven in height due to flooding in fields. Disease has been spotted in corn and wheat because of the excess rain. Precipitation averaged 1.02 inches throughout the state, slightly above normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 74.9 degrees for the week, 1.5 degree above normal. There were 4.60 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 3% short, 67% adequate and 30% surplus. Corn emerged progressed to 100% compared to 100% last year and the five-year average of 99%. Corn conditions were rated at 2% very poor, 7% poor, 24% fair, 50% good, and 17% excellent. Soybean planting progressed to 96% complete. Soybean conditions were rated as 2% very poor,6% poor, 23% fair, 51% good, and 18% excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 23, 2013, rainfall across much of the State combined with above normal temperatures to boost the growth of young crops, according to USDA’s NASS, Nebraska Field Office. Rainfall amounts of two inches or more were recording in northern rangeland counties and portions of the eastern Panhandle. However, most totals were less than an inch. Damaging hail was reported in a number of counties, however most storms were localized. High winds made herbicide application a challenge. Temperatures were 3 to 5 degrees above normal across the east and south and near normal elsewhere. Most of the wheat in the southern third of the state was turning color with harvest expected to begin near July 4th. Statewide, producers had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 27% short, 65% adequate, and 1% surplus, well above previous year. However, very short moisture conditions continue to exist in portions of South Central, Southwestern and Northwestern Nebraska. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 34% short, 46% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Corn conditions rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 22 fair, 60% good, 15% excellent. Soybean conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 22% fair, 67% good, and 9% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 95%, behind last year’s 100% but near 96% average.

Minnesota: Wet conditions continued to delay crop progress behind the five year average for Minnesota farmers during the week ending June 23, 2013 according to the USDA, NASS. There were 3.8 days suitable for field work, up slightly when compared to last week's 3.6 days and last year's 3.7 days. Statewide temperatures were 2.2 degrees above normal and precipitation was 1.56 inches above normal for last week. The Central district had the greatest average amount of precipitation at 3.80 inches. Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 0% very short, 1% short, 63% adequate, and 36% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also increased to 0% very short, 3% short, 75% adequate and 22% surplus.

Corn planting is nearly finished at 96% complete. Corn emergence advanced 4 percentage points to 90% complete, still behind the five year average of 100%. The statewide average corn height was 10 inches tall, compared to 32 inches last year, and the average of 21 inches. Corn condition slightly improved to 59% good or excellent compared to the previous week's 58%. Despite the wet conditions, soybean planting advanced 10 percentage points to 94% complete and emergence advanced 17 percentage points to 81% complete. Soybean emergence at this point last year was 100% complete. Soybean conditions were 1% very poor, 5% poor, 36% fair, 52% good, and 6% excellent.

Indiana: Warm temperatures and little precipitation, early in the week, allowed farmers to catch up on many activities that had been put on hold due to the previous week's storms, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Irrigation systems were running on some of the northern counties' sandier soils. Drowned out spots were being replanted as soils dried out enough to support equipment.

There were 5.1 days suitable for field work during the week. Corn condition improved slightly and is rated 76% good to excellent compared with 27% last year at this time.

Ninety-six percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 100% last year and 94% for the five-year average. Soybean planting is nearing completion in northern and central areas of the state with the biggest lag being in southwestern counties. Ninety percent of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 99% last year and 86% for the five-year average. Soybean condition is rated 72% good to excellent compared with 24% last year at this time.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 23, 2013, scattered rain showers and above normal temperatures helped advance crop development in most areas of the state, according to the USDA's NASS, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 9 short, 74 adequate, and 17 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 17 short, 72 adequate, and 8 surplus. Major farm activities included spraying for weeds and cutting hay.

Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 52 good, and 14 excellent. Soybean planting was 98% complete, behind last year at 100, but ahead of 97 average. Emerged was at 84%, behind last year at 100 and 87 average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 29% fair, 55% good, and 12% excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 23, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers made significant progress on fieldwork this week due to the combination of low precipitation and favorable temperatures throughout the State. Producers harvested a significant amount of first cutting hay, and some were even beginning their second cutting. Producers also sprayed for weeds and side dressed corn. Row crops all remain in good condition, but will need rain in the coming weeks to avoid moisture stress.

 


 palmer062413

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