Corn & Soybean State Crop and Weather Reports

September 20, 2011 01:19 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Parts of Iowa received a hard freeze this week with frost reported over most of the State. Corn harvest is advancing with many farmers concentrating on getting wind- and hail-damaged corn out first. Soybean harvest is at least a week away for most farmers although scattered fields have already been harvested. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Southwest Iowa was the only area with less than 5.0 days suitable at just 4.7 days suitable. Topsoil moisture levels rated 13 percent very short, 32 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 12 percent very short, 36 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Nearly all the corn crop has advanced to at least the dent stage. Sixty percent of the corn crop is now mature, nearly 1 week behind last year but 4 days ahead of normal. Corn harvest for grain or seed is underway. Corn moisture content for the State stands at 29 percent, with the corn currently being harvested running 24 percent moisture content. Corn lodging is heavier than last year at this time thanks to several widespread wind events during August. Ear droppage is also a larger problem than last year, but only 6 percent of the crop is experiencing moderate to heavy ear droppage. Corn condition stands at 6 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Just over three-quarters of the soybean crop has turned color, trailing last year’s 87 percent and the five-year average 84 percent. One-quarter of Iowa’s soybean fields are dropping leaves, remaining one week behind last year and normal. Soybean condition stands at 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 48 percent good and 14 percent excellent.

Illinois: Temperatures remained below normal last week averaging 61.1 degrees statewide. The average is 66.6 degrees. Southern portions of the state experienced above normal rainfall. Northern and central portions, however, received below normal rains for an average of 0.65 inches statewide, 0.21 inches below average. With 5.7 days available for field work, corn harvest was in full swing. Eleven percent of the crop was harvested as compared with the five-year average of 15 percent. Some producers were waiting for more favorable moisture levels to begin harvest. Corn condition was rated 7 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 34 percent good and 7 percent excellent. Silage harvest was nearing completion. Soybean harvest had just begun with one percent of the crop harvested. The five-year average is four percent. Soybean condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 40 percent good and 7 percent excellent. Fertilizer and manure applications were taking place in early harvested fields. Fall tillage was also underway. Topsoil moisture was rated 22 percent very short, 37 percent short, 39 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Nebraska: For the week ending September 18, 2011, cool and misty weather slowed field work but provided some much needed moisture for germination of fall seeded wheat, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Harvest of corn silage, high moisture corn, and seed corn continued as did dry bean and proso millet harvests in the west. The cooler temperatures relieved stress on livestock. Temperatures for the week averaged 8 degrees below normal. Highs on Monday were mainly in the lower 90's. Temperatures proceeded to fall the remainder of the week with frost recorded in some Northeast locations. Lows were mainly in the upper 30's and lower 40's. Rainfall accumulations were highest in the western half of the state with a few locations receiving over 1 inch of precipitation. The driest area was the North East District.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 18 fair, 55 good, and 19 excellent, below 83 percent good to excellent last year but near 75 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 78 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 68. Corn in dent or beyond was 97 percent, equal to last year and near 95 average. Corn mature was 22 percent, well behind 45 last year and 34 average. Corn harvest was at 2 percent, behind 5 last year but near 3 average. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 57 good, and 22 excellent, equal to 79 percent good to excellent last year but above 74 average. Soybeans turning color was 73 percent, behind 84 last year and 82 average. Soybeans dropping leaves was 17 percent, well behind 41 last year and 35 average.

Missouri: Although the north-central and northeast districts remained dry, cool temperatures and much needed precipitation improved pasture conditions and topsoil moisture supply across the rest of state. With the great harvest race well underway, rainy weather limited producers to 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture improved to 20 percent very short, 27 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. The northeast district was 66 percent very short followed by the north-central at 32 percent very short. Off-farm storage availability was 6 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. The northwest was 22 percent very short due to the Missouri River flooding earlier in the season. On-farm storage availability was 8 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. The northeast was 21 percent very short.

Corn mature was 86 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, and nearly two weeks ahead of normal (5-year historic average). Corn harvested was 34 percent, 1 day ahead of last year, and 4 days ahead of normal. Corn moisture at harvest was 18.3 percent statewide, ranging from 20.8 percent in the northwest to 12.4 percent in the southwest. Corn condition was 20 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. The northwest, north-central, east-central, south-central, and southeast districts were above 40 percent good and excellent. Soybeans turning color and beyond were 54 percent, nearly 1 day ahead of last year and normal. The northeast was 72 percent turning color followed by the northwest at 71 percent. Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 22 percent, 2 days behind last year and normal. The northeast was 37 percent dropped. Soybeans mature were 4 percent, 4 days behind 2010, and 2 days behind normal. Comparable to last year, the north-central district was 13 percent mature. Soybean harvest began in the north-central and northeast districts. Soybean condition was 13 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. The northwest, south-central and southeast districts rated over 50 percent good to excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 61.1 degrees, 3.9 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, September 18, 2011. Precipitation averaged 0.53 inches, 0.34 inches below normal. There were 89 modified growing degree days, 20 days below normal. Reporters rated 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, September 16, 2011. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus.

Fields were still wet from the previous week’s rain, but began to dry and allowed producers to get back in their fields. Field activities included tilling wheat stubble, planting cover crops, hauling manure, harvesting corn for silage, and preparing storage bins and equipment for fall harvest. As of Sunday September 18th, corn in dough was 96 percent, three percent behind the five-year average. Corn dented was 66 percent, compared to 99 percent last year and 91 percent for the five-year average. Corn mature was 13 percent, compared to 69 percent last year, and 36 percent for the five-year average. Corn for silage was 37 percent harvested, compared to 89 percent last year and 65 for the five-year average. Nineteen percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 74 percent last year and 56 percent for the five-year average. Three percent of soybeans were mature, compared to 39 percent last year and 18 percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Farmers made limited progress harvesting corn and soybeans during the week as they wait for grain moisture to come down to acceptable levels, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Many farmers were busy preparing equipment and grain storage facilities as they wait for the opportunity to begin harvest in full force.

There were 5.8 days suitable for field work. Eightyfive percent of the corn crop is in the dent stage compared with 99 percent last year and 88 percent for the 5-year average. Thirty-six percent of the corn acreage is mature compared to 85 percent last year and 47 percent for the 5-year average. Four percent of the corn acreage has been harvested, compared to 25 percent last year and 9 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 34 percent good to excellent compared with 56 percent last year at this time. Thirty-nine percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared to 76 percent last year and 53 percent for the 5-year average. One percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested compared with 18 percent last year and 5 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 41 percent good to excellent compared with 51 percent last year at this time.

Minnesota: Statewide, 6.5 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Overnight temperatures on September 15 fell into the low 30s to mid 20s setting record lows in several Minnesota communities. Reporters noted the freezing temperatures ended the growing season in portions of the state, but indicated the impact on row crops was unclear. Corn and soybean condition ratings declined during the week. Statewide, 46 percent of corn was rated in good condition with 10 percent rated excellent. Forty-three percent of soybeans were in good condition, 8 percent in excellent. Ninety-two percent of corn was in the dent stage, 9 points higher than a week ago and 1 point ahead of average. Twenty-eight percent of corn was rated mature compared to 46 percent last year and 37 percent average. Forty-one percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, up 32 points from last week, but 23 points behind last year and 18 behind average. Seven percent of soybeans were rated mature, compared to 22 percent last year and 23 percent average. Topsoil moisture supplies declined. Fifty-one percent of the state’s topsoil was rated adequate with 34 percent short and 14 percent very short. A majority of reporting stations ranged from 1 to 3 inches below normal for precipitation over the last four weeks.

South Dakota: Harvest progressed with continued dry weather last week, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. A killing frost was reported in many areas midweek. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 20 short, 69 adequate, and 9 surplus while subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 72 adequate, and 16 surplus. Statewide, on average, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Eighty-three percent of the corn crop had reached the dented stage, behind 95 percent at this point last year but ahead of 80 percent for the five-year average. Corn for silage was 21 percent chopped. Eighty-two percent of soybeans had lower leaves yellowing, 46 percent had dropped leaves, and 1 percent were harvested.

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