Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: As Iowa’s crop insurance plant date for corn slowly approaches (April 11), farmers are excited about getting planting underway. Most of the week’s rain occurred in the southeast corner of the state. The week’s most common field activities were application of anhydrous, tiling, and leveling of last year’s cornstalks. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the past week. Statewide soil moisture levels are still a big concern with most farmers hoping for rain before corn planting gets underway. Topsoil moisture levels rated 12 percent very short, 31 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa continues to be the driest area in the State with 78 percent short to very short for topsoil moisture. Iowa’s subsoil moisture rated 18 percent very short, 33 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. With only 1 percent of the corn planted across the state, farmers look forward to widespread planting.
Illinois: Warm and dry conditions throughout most of the state continued last week with an average statewide temperature of 56.4 degrees, 8.8 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.44 inches, 0.26 below normal. Despite these good conditions for planting, many farmers were hesitant to plant too much too early. In some cases, fields were too dry, and farmers were waiting on rain. Corn planting progress reached 17 percent statewide, compared to 3 percent last year. Soybeans planted progress was at 1 percent while oats planted reached 91 percent. Topsoil moisture was rated 6 percent very short, 40 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 40 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 8, 2012, even though conditions were favorable for planting corn, only a limited number of fields were planted with most producers waiting for the crop insurance initial planting date, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Soil moisture levels continued below previous year and 5 year averages with precipitation limited to the southern tier of counties. Planting of oats reached the half way point with 15 percent of the crop emerged. Wheat was beginning to joint well ahead of average. With 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, producers were applying fertilizer, performing spring tillage, and getting machinery ready for spring planting. Soil temperatures ranged from the mid 50’s in the west to low 60’s in the east. Cattle and calves were in mostly good to excellent condition. Spring calving was 83 percent complete with calf losses well below average. Temperatures averaged 3 degrees above normal across the western half of the state, while the eastern half was up to 10 degrees above normal. Highs reached the low 90’s in the east and lows fell to the lower 20’s in the Panhandle. Precipitation was limited to extreme southern counties with some locations receiving over one inch. Corn planted showed little progress and remained at 1 percent, equal to last year but ahead of average.
Missouri: Warm temperatures remained across the state complemented by scattered rainfall. The state experienced 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork while the southeast district (Bootheel) enjoyed 6.5 days. Topsoil moisture was 1 percent very short, 16 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. The Bootheel was 32 percent short and very short compared to 2 percent short and very short last week. Ground worked spring tillage was 63 percent, 1 month ahead of last year, and 32 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Field Crops Report Corn planted advanced 16 points to 23 percent, 8 days ahead of last year, and 12 days ahead of normal.s
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 49.4 degrees, 3.6 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, April 8, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.18 inches, 0.75 inches below normal. There were 40 modified growing degree days, 8 days above normal. Reporters rated 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, April 6, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus.Temperatures were above normal and precipitation below normal throughout the state. There were freezing temperatures recorded throughout the state on Friday and Saturday nights, which may negatively impact this year’s apple and peach crops and set back the growth of hay and winter wheat crops. Other field activities for the week include field application of manure, anhydrous, and fertilizers. Fields are much drier than normal for this time of year, which allowed operators much earlier access to fields with farm machinery.
Indiana: These reports will cover planting and harvesting activities, crop development, weather data, and timely crop management information provided by farmers, FSA, and Purdue University experts. For the earliest possible access, look for these reports on the internet shortly after the 4:00 P.M. release time. Our home page address is located at the bottom of this publication. Follow the links to view the text, pdf and rtf files. There were 5.2 days suitable for field work during the week. Some farmers have been working at a feverish pace, now that the earliest planting date that corn would be eligible for crop insurance replant payments has passed. In fact, six percent of intended corn acres have been planted which is ahead of the previous record of 3 percent established in 2004. However, other farming operations are waiting to begin planting until there is a less likely chance of frost. A few scattered fields of soybeans have also been planted at this point.
Minnesota: Small grain planting continued at a strong pace aided by warm, dry conditions, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Statewide, 5.2 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Land prepared for corn was 16 percent, and 1 percent of corn was planted, compared to 0 percent last year and average. Land prepared for soybeans was 4 percent. More warm weather records were set early in the week with temperatures in the low to high 80’s in southwest areas, contributing to statewide average temperatures that were 9.7° above normal this past week. A round of thunderstorms moved across the state late Monday evening and showers prevailed Saturday; however, amounts were sporadic for both rainfall events. Weekly rainfall amounts ranged from .36 inch in east central areas to 0 in southwest areas. Areas in the southern third of the state continue to be rated as undergoing a severe drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 13 percent very short, 47 percent short, 38 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 18 percent very short, 50 percent short, and 32 percent adequate.
South Dakota: Somewhat cooler conditions spread over the state during the week with some evening temperatures falling below freezing, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. While temperatures were cooler than previous weeks, the average temperatures were still well above average for early April. Precipitation was generally limited with a large part of the state receiving no precipitation again. Temperatures despite being cooler were still well above average. Average temperatures were generally in the 50’s statewide. These temperatures were in most cases from 9o F to over 15o F above average. The coolest areas were from central to northwest South Dakota. Winner had the highest daily temperature at 94o F; Kennebec had the lowest temperature at 21o F. Much of the state had low temperatures that fell below freezing during the week. Precipitation totals were highest west river with several stations reporting at least a couple tenths of an inch. The Rapid City Airport station had the most for the week at 0.41 inch. Large parts of the state had little to no precipitation. Over half the stations reporting had no recorded precipitation for the week. Most of the state has received less than half the average precipitation or in many locations less than 25 percent of average precipitation over the last 30 days. Planting of row crops will be starting soon. Across the state, farmers had hopes of rain to help with the germination of both the already planted small grains and the soon to be planted crops. Corn was at 2 percent planted as of April 8, 2012.