In its first weekly progress report since Sept. 30, USDA reports as of Sunday that 39% of the nation's corn crop has been harvested. This is about three percentage points below expectations and compares to 85% last year at this time and 53% on average.
As of Sunday, USDA reports soybean harvest was 63% complete, which was about in line with expectations but behind the five-year average pace of 69% complete and 79% last year.
Following are crop and weather highlights from key Corn Belt states:
Iowa: Mostly favorable weather allowed harvest of corn and soybeans to advance during the week ending Oct. 20, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Statewide there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Fall tillage was underway in areas already harvested.
Recent rains have helped soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 20% very short, 34% short, 46% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 29% very short, 38% short, 32% adequate and 1% surplus. Southeast Iowa remained the driest with over 95% of the topsoil moisture rated short and very short. Grain movement from farm to elevator was rated 53% moderate to heavy this week. Ninety-seven percent of Iowa reported adequate or surplus off-farm grain storage availability and 90% reported adequate or surplus on-farm grain storage availability.
With almost the entire corn crop mature, 35% of the corn had been harvested for grain or seed, 15 percentage points behind normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field was estimated at 22% while moisture content of corn harvested was 19%. Corn lodging was rated at 67% none, 21% light, 10% moderate and 2% heavy. Corn ear droppage was rated at 75% none, 17% light, 6% moderate and 2% heavy. Corn condition was 6% very poor, 15% poor, 34% fair, 37% good and 8% excellent.
With almost all the soybean crop dropping leaves, 70% of soybeans had been harvested, 11 percentage points behind normal. Soybean lodging was rated at 80% none, 15% light, 4% moderate and 1% heavy. Soybean shattering was rated at 76% none, 20% light, 4% moderate and 0% heavy. Soybean condition improved slightly to 8% very poor, 15% poor, 35% fair, 36% good and 6% excellent.
Illinois: Above average temperatures and minimal precipitation last week allowed man y producers to continue harvesting corn, soybeans, and sorghum. Temperatures average d 64.6 degrees for the week , 3.3 degrees above normal. Precipitation across the state averaged 0.28 inches, 0.47 inches below normal. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated at 21% very short, 49% short, and 30% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 24% very short, 45% short, and 31% adequate.
Corn in the dent stage reached 97% . Seventy-one percent of the corn crop was mature, compared to 98% last year and the five-year average of 73%. Corn harvest has reached 13% complete, compared to 69% last year and the five-year average of 34%. Corn condition was rated at 2% very poor, 8% poor, 28% fair, 45% good, and 17% excellent.
Soybeans turning yellow reached 88%. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 66%, compared to 82% last year and the five-year average of 69%. Ten percent of the soybean crop has been harvested. Soybean condition was rated at 2% very poor, 9% poor, 33% fair, 47% good, and 9% excellent. Pasture conditions were rated at 12% very poor, 27% poor, 44% fair, 16% good, and 1% excellent.
Minnesota: Cooler and wetter than normal conditions slowed corn and soybean harvest in Minnesota for the week ending October 20, 2013 according to the USDA, NASS. Minnesota had 3.0 days rated suitable for fieldwork. Minnesota's average temperature was 2.8 degrees below normal at 42.6 degrees. The average precipitation statewide was 0.94 inch above normal at 1.48 inches. Trace amounts of snow were observed towards the end of the week in various parts of Minnesota. Topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies were 86% and 67% adequate to surplus, respectively. North Central Minnesota had the coldest average temperature at 38.1 degrees. The wettest region was the West Central district with 2.24 inches average precipitation.
Ninety-five percent of Minnesota's corn crop was mature, slightly behind the five-year average of 96%. The corn for grain harvest was 19% completed, well behind the normal 49%. The average moisture content for corn harvested was 21%. Ninety-eight percent of corn silage has been cut. Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 31% fair, 46% good and 11% excellent. Ninety-seven percent of the soybean crop was mature. Soybean harvest was 80% complete, slightly behind the normal 83%. Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 10% poor, 32% fair, 47% good and 8% excellent. The average moisture content of harvested soybeans was 13%.
Indiana: Scattered rain across the state slowed harvesting slightly last week according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Some farmers are still waiting for corn to dry down, and there were a few reports of stalk weakness due to the wet conditions. Soybean harvest was well under way, with average to above average yields reported. Conditions were good for winter wheat germination and emergence.
There were 4.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-four percent of the corn acreage is mature compared with 100% last year and 93% for the five-year average. Forty-three percent of the corn crop has been harvested compared with 70% last year and 52% for the five-year average. By area 96% of the corn crop is mature in the north, 87% in the central region, and 92% in the south. Corn condition is rated 73% good to excellent at this time. Moisture content of harvested corn is averaging about 20%.
Ninety-seven percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared with 99% last year and 98% for the five-year average. Sixty-four percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested compared to 66% for both last year and the five-year average. By area 97% of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves in the north, 96% in the central region, and 96% in the south. Soybean condition is now rated 68% good to excellent at this time. Moisture content of harvested soybeans is averaging about 13%.
South Dakota: For the week ending Oct. 20, 2013, cool, wet conditions across most areas of the state slowed harvest progress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Major farm activities included hauling grain and hay, and moving cattle. Statewide, there were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork. T opsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 6% short, 84% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 17% short, 78% adequate, and 4% surplus.
Corn m ature was 96%, behind 100% last year but near 97% average. Harvested was 31% complete, well behind 95 last year and 44 average. Condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 23% fair, 47% good, and 17% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves were 98%, near 100 last year and 100 average. Harvested was 75% complete, well behind 100% last year but near 78% average. Condition rated 4% very poor, 12% poor, 30% fair, 43% good, and 11% excellent.
Ohio: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending October 20, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers spent the majority of the week harvesting corn and soybeans, hampered only by intermittent rains. The moisture content of harvested corn averaged 20%, and the moisture content of harvested soybeans averaged 14%. Producers are also preparing for and planting fall-seeded crops.