Corn Condition Improves Slightly, Beans Little Changed

July 8, 2013 10:30 AM
 

 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn improved by 1 point from last week and soybeans is little changed from last week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

7/07/13

6/30/13

7/08/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.45
4.35
3.75

Illinois (14.56%)

54.58

54.87

39.23

Indiana (6.56%)

26.24

26.17

15.86

Iowa (17.95%)

64.07

63.35

60.16

Kansas (3.96%)

13.39
14.14
11.26

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.06

4.95

2.75

Michigan (2.72%)

10.66

10.58

7.16

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.45

38.37

38.07

Missouri (2.72%)

9.70

9.72

6.92

Nebraska (12.08%)

47.09
47.22
39.52

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.65

2.61

2.12

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.54

9.57

6.63

Ohio (4.19%)

17.26

17.26

11.86

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.03
4.00

3.30

S. Dakota (4.94%)

19.07

18.73

17.98

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.86

2.82

1.52

Texas (1.8%)

6.58

6.33

6.49

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.80

14.56

11.90

Corn total

374.71

372.70

302.87

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

7/07/13

6/30/13

7/08/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.77
13.85
12.17

Illinois (13.47%)

50.71

51.25

35.43

Indiana (7.83%)

29.56

29.56

19.03

Iowa
(14.86%)

51.97

51.67

49.79

Kansas (4.10%)

12.24
12.58
11.70

Kentucky (1.78%)

6.98

6.82

3.96

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.28

5.32

4.09

Michigan (2.60%)

10.18

10.13

7.50

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.77

34.01

33.75

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.48

10.21

10.00

Missouri (6.47%)

20.73
20.90

15.34

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.88

30.27

25.80

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.39

5.58

5.11

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.63

16.63

14.13

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.49
26.76

19.11

S. Dakota (4.97%)

18.52

17.85

17.53

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00

1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

9.02

8.88

6.89

Soybean total

366.93

366.61

303.09

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

Iowa: The warmest and driest extended period of weather this year was seen across Iowa during the week ending July 7, 2013. The weather allowed field crops to develop, although some areas reported crops were beginning to need moisture. Statewide there was an average of 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, the most of any week this year. Northeast Iowa had only 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork and was the only district with less than six days suitable. Farmers were finishing side dressing fields. The drier weather led to a decrease in both topsoil and subsoil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. With reports of corn beginning to tassel in scattered fields across the state, the amount of the crop in good to excellent condition increased to 58 percent, a 1 percentage point increase from the previous week. Corn condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 44 percent good and 14 percent excellent. Ninety-five percent of the soybean crop has emerged; 3 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 44 percent good and 12 percent excellent.
 

Illinois: Corn has been showing rapid growth in the past week as average height increased by 16 inches, up to 48 inches this week. Warm temperatures and ample rain caused significant crop development over the Northern and Central parts of the state as well as allowing farmers to complete the wheat harvest. Meanwhile excess rain slowed wheat harvest in the South. Precipitation averaged 0.84 inches throughout the state, 0.06 inches below normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 70.4 degrees for the week, 4.6 degrees below normal. There were 5.4 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 8 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 18 percent surplus. Corn conditions were rated as 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Soybeans emerged progressed to 97 percent with soybean conditions rated as 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending July 7, 2013, clear skies and sunshine boosted row crop development and allowed wheat harvest to progress uninterrupted in southern counties, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Much of the state saw little or no rainfall with topsoil moisture supplies declining as seasonally hot temperatures returned later in the week. Spring-planted, dryland crops in much of the western two-thirds of the state were showing signs of stress. Hay harvest progressed with alfalfa second cutting and wild hay harvests active. Statewide, producers had 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 39 short, 46 adequate, and 1 surplus, well above previous year. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies rated 25 percent very short, 35 short, 40 adequate, and 0 surplus. All corn conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 56 good, 20 excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 83 percent good or excellent, compared to 77 average. Dryland corn conditions rated 66 percent good or excellent, compared to 71 average. Corn silking was 1 percent complete, behind 46 last year and 16 average. Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 63 good, and 13 excellent. Twenty percent of the crop was blooming, behind 35 last year but near 21 average.

Minnesota: Warm and dry weather promoted crop development in Minnesota according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.1 days suitable for field work, the highest of any week this crop year. Dry weather diminished both topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies to 7 percent surplus, a reduction from last week’s 25 and 21 percent, respectively. Statewide temperatures were 2.9 degrees above normal and precipitation was 0.67 inches below normal for last week. The average corn stalk height was 30 inches tall, behind the 62 inches last year, and the five year average of 46 inches. Corn condition increased to 63 percent good or excellent. Ninety-six percent of the soybeans have emerged. Five percent of the soybeans are blooming, which is 16 percentage points behind the normal pace. The average soybean plant height was 8 inches tall, which is 4 inches shorter than normal. Soybean conditions also improved to 63 percent good or excellent.

Indiana: Rain showers, across most of the state, kept wheat harvest to a minimum during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Producers are worried that excessive moisture will soon begin to take its toll on the winter wheat crop if they are not able to finish harvest soon. Farmers are hoping for drier conditions to not only finish wheat harvest but to also bale straw and plant double crop soybeans. Moderate temperatures and ample soil moisture allowed the corn crop to make rapid growth with a few scattered fields beginning to tassel. There were 2.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Corn condition improved slightly and is rated 81 percent good to excellent compared with 12 percent last year at this time. Ninety-eight percent of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 100 percent last year and 97 percent for the 5-year average. Nine percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 42 percent last year and 20 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 75 percent good to excellent compared with 14 percent last year at this time.

South Dakota: For the week ending July 7, 2013, warmer, dry weather has allowed corn to pick up the pace of development, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Producers are enjoying good haying conditions with last week’s weather and are catching up on spraying. Some areas of the state will need a timely rain within a week to keep growing conditions favorable. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 15 short, 74 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 22 short, 68 adequate, and 6 surplus. Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 59 good, and 17 excellent. Soybean blooming was at 8 percent, behind last year at 43 and 21 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 17 excellent.

Ohio: There was one day suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending July 7, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Significant amounts of rain throughout the State kept fieldwork to a bare minimum. There were statewide reports of flooding in poorly draining fields. The effect of continued heavy rainfall on crops has been mixed, with some reports that the moisture has kept crops in excellent condition, and other reports of negative effects on wheat and soybeans. The rains have caused continual delays in harvesting wheat, and sprouting is becoming more of a concern due to the lack of dry weather. Hay fields look good, but harvesting is behind schedule due to the rains. While the majority of soybeans are thriving in the excess moisture, some water damage was seen in soybean fields. Corn is by and large doing well and beginning to silk.

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