Corn Condition Ratings Reflect Slight Improvement; First Ratings for Soybeans

June 17, 2013 10:35 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the corn crop improved 1.7 points from last week and stands around 4 points better than last year at this time at 364.39. While Illinois and Minnesota showed improvement in the corn crop from last week, ratings in Iowa and Indiana declined and held steady in Nebraska from last week.

The first CCI for soybeans of the season is at 361.37, which is improved from 344.20 last year at this time.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

6/16/13

6/09/13

6/17/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.61
4.57
4.75

Illinois (14.56%)

51.96

51.38

53.67

Indiana (6.56%)

25.32

25.72

21.92

Iowa (17.95%)

60.66

61.56

68.03

Kansas (3.96%)

14.18
14.06
14.27

Kentucky (1.23%)

4.82

4.84

4.69

Michigan (2.72%)

10.42

10.17

9.19

Minnesota (10.87%)

38.69

38.04

39.45

Missouri (2.72%)

9.45

9.23

9.75

Nebraska (12.08%)

46.25
46.25
43.75

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.54

2.48

2.48

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.74

9.37

6.89

Ohio (4.19%)

16.92

16.71

14.71

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

3.96
3.95

3.91

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.58

18.73

19.81

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.76

2.73

2.46

Texas (1.8%)

6.35

6.38

6.97

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.60

14.04

14.45

Corn total

364.39

362.70

360.86

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

6/16/13

6/17/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

14.09
13.01

Illinois (13.47%)

49.50

44.86

Indiana (7.83%)

28.87

23.65

Iowa
(14.86%)

49.91

53.36

Kansas (4.10%)

12.51
13.46

Kentucky (1.78%)

6.70

6.11

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.05

4.20

Michigan (2.60%)

10.24

9.03

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.20

34.47

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.07

10.78

Missouri (6.47%)

20.20
19.23

Nebraska (8.06%)

30.03

28.94

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.59

5.54

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.85

14.92

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.69

22.08

S. Dakota (4.97%)

18.28

19.22

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.45

8.09

Soybean total

361.37

344.20

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

Iowa: Iowa farmers struggled to get the remaining cropland planted during the week ending June 16, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Intermittent rainfall throughout the week didn’t permit enough drying, and some farmers resorted to planting in less than ideal conditions. Statewide there was an average of 2.8 days suitable for fieldwork. East Central and South East Iowa had the most days suitable for fieldwork, while North West and North Central Iowa had the least amount of days suitable. The surplus rating of soil moisture levels dropped this week, but moisture levels remained mostly in the adequate and surplus categories. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 54 percent adequate and 46 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 64 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus. Ninety-four percent of Iowa’s corn crop was in the ground, 2 percentage points higher than last week but normally all corn is planted by this time. Eighty-nine percent of the corn crop has emerged, 10 percentage points below the five-year average. Corn condition was reported at 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 42 percent good and 8 percent excellent. Farmers have planted 77 percent of the soybean crop, an advancement of 17 percentage points from last week, but planting is still lower than the normal 96 percent. Soybean emergence was 56 percent complete; well behind both last year’s 97 percent, and the five-year average of 91 percent. The first soybean condition rating of the year reflected 4 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 42 percent good and 8 percent excellent.

Illinois: With corn planting nearing completion, many farmers were able to more focus to soybean planting, causing a noticeable 28 percent increase in soybeans planted. Due to frequent showers in some parts of the state, some farmers were scrambling to get hay cut and baled. Precipitation averaged 0.98 inches throughout the state, right in line with normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 72.8 degrees for the week, 1.0 degree above normal. There were 4.90 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 2 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 24 percent surplus. Corn planting was 99 percent complete, compared the five-year average of 98 percent. Corn emerged progressed to 94 percent compared to 100 percent last year and the five-year average of 97 percent. Corn conditions were rated at 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Soybean planting was accelerated by weather conditions this week and progressed to 90 percent complete. Soybeans emerged increased 67 percent, compared to the five-year average of 76 percent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 16, 2013, rainfall was limited until the weekend, allowing producers an opportunity to harvest hay crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation in most areas was light with less than a half inch recorded. As a result, some pivots have been started in central and western counties. Heavier amounts of rain fell in portions of extreme east central and northeastern counties. Temperatures averaged near normal across the east and north but were 4 to 6 degrees above normal across western drought counties. Winter wheat was beginning to turn color in southern counties with harvest expected to start around July 4. Statewide, producers had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 24 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 25 percent very short, 30 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus. Corn conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 23 fair, 65 good, 10 excellent. The crop was 100 percent emerged, in line with last year and average. Soybean conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans were 99 percent planted. Emerged was 90 percent, behind last year’s 99 but near 91 average.

Minnesota: Corn and soybean planting advanced slowly for Minnesota farmers during the week ending June 16, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 3.6 days suitable for field work, compared to 2.6 last week and 4.7 a year ago. The statewide temperature average for the week was 64.0 degrees, which is 0.5 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation totals were similar to normal at 1.06 inches of rain. Topsoil moisture supplies decreased to 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also decreased to 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Corn planting moved ahead 4 percentage points to 94 percent complete. Corn emergence advanced 8 percentage points to 86 percent, compared to the five-year average of 99 percent. The statewide average corn height was 6 inches tall, compared to 22 inches last year, and the average of 13 inches. Corn condition improved to 58 percent good or excellent, compared to the previous week’s 55 percent. Soybean planting was 84 percent complete, behind last year’s 100 percent and the average of 99 percent. Soybean emergence advanced 26 percentage points to 64 percent emerged compared to last year’s 99 percent and the average of 92 percent.

Indiana: Strong storms moved across parts of the state during the week leaving standing water in many crop fields and causing some wind damage, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some re-planting will be necessary in drowned out spots. In southern counties, a minimal amount of intended corn acres have been switched to soybeans or grain sorghum due to the delay in planting. Many operations continued cutting hay, spraying herbicides, side dressing corn and mowing roadsides and ditches as weather permitted. The winter wheat crop is nearing maturity and harvest will soon begin in southern counties. There were 4.2 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-seven percent of the corn acreage has emerged compared with 100 percent last year and 94 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 73 percent good to excellent compared with 37 percent last year at this time. Ninety-three percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 100 percent last year and 88 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 99 percent of the soybean acreage has been planted in the north, 96 percent in the central region and 76 percent in the south. Eighty-three percent of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 97 percent last year and 77 percent for the 5-year average.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 16, 2013, rain early in the week limited fieldwork in some areas, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 81 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 22 short, 72 adequate, and 4 surplus. Range and pasture conditions continue to improve due to the wet and cooler than normal weather. Major farm activities included finishing up planting, spraying for weeds and beginning to cut alfalfa. Corn was 95 percent emerged, behind last year at 100 but equal to 95 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 24 fair, 59 good, and 12 excellent. Soybean planting was 91 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and near 93 average. Emerged was at 70 percent, behind last year at 96 but near 73 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 63 good, and 11 excellent.

Ohio: There were three days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 16, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. In most areas of the State, farmers were able to work in the field in the first couple days of the week before storms moved through the area. Producers side-dressed their corn as well as sprayed their fields. Some producers replanted soybeans in areas where crops were lost due to flooding. The first cutting of hay progressed, but was somewhat limited by wetness. The rains have kept soil moisture in good shape, but there has been some localized flooding reported. There was some crop loss due to the flooding as well as wind and hail over the weekend, though damage was limited. Generally, crops are in good-to-excellent condition.

palmer061713

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