Corn Crop Condition Declines More than Soybeans

August 19, 2013 10:32 AM
 

 

 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn declined by 4.9 points from last week to 361.13, with soybean ratings dipping 3.62 points from last week to 358.60 points.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

8/18/13

8/11/13

8/19/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.38
4.53
2.90

Illinois (14.56%)

53.86
55.17

29.81

Indiana (6.56%)

26.04
26.24

14.24

Iowa (17.95%)

59.76
60.48

43.89

Kansas (3.96%)

12.20
12.32
8.21

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.30
5.27

2.53

Michigan (2.72%)

10.28
10.50

6.56

Minnesota (10.87%)

38.80
39.13

33.63

Missouri (2.72%)

8.94
9.45

5.08

Nebraska (12.08%)

44.44
44.44
32.51

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.66
2.65

2.25

N. Dakota (2.49%)

8.79
8.82

5.94

Ohio (4.19%)

17.26
17.34

10.10

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.21
4.28

3.35

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.63
18.97

13.75

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.98
2.97

1.69

Texas (1.8%)

6.38
6.51

6.20

Wisconsin (3.99%)

13.84
14.28

11.51

Corn total

361.13
366.03

247.55

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

8/18/13

8/11/13

8/19/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.81
13.85
12.17

Illinois (13.47%)

49.36
50.85

32.06

Indiana (7.83%)

30.10
30.25

20.13

Iowa
(14.86%)

49.03
49.62

41.02

Kansas (4.10%)

12.20
12.30
7.76

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.27
7.22

4.69

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.29
5.13

4.25

Michigan (2.60%)

10.37
10.35

7.60

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.01
34.77

32.12

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.51
10.21
10.26

Missouri (6.47%)

19.73
20.26

12.10

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.80
29.41

20.56

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.26
5.23

5.43

N. Dakota (3.77%)

14.87
15.44

12.96

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.49
26.42

19.85

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.94
17.94

15.20

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.49
8.78

7.32

Soybean total

358.60
362.22

276.29

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Drier and cooler than average weather persisted across most of Iowa during the week ending August 18, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Although varying amounts of moisture were received in central and western portions of the State, the lack of significant precipitation was a growing concern for Iowa farmers. Statewide there was an average of 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Southwest Iowa received the most rainfall during the week, and had the least days suitable for fieldwork with 5.8. A total of 35 percent of topsoil and 41 percent of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, both declining 6 percentage points from last week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 25 percent very short, 40 percent short, 34 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 19 percent very short, 40 percent short, 40 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. With nearly all the corn crop tasseled, 93 percent was silking, behind the five-year average of 99 percent. Sixty-two percent of the corn crop reached the milk stage, trailing the normal 87 percent. Twenty-four percent of the crop has reached the dough stage, well behind the normal 60 percent. Some of the very earliest planted corn crop has reached the dent stage. Corn condition declined slightly from the previous week, and was rated at 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 40 percent good and 8 percent excellent. With 95 percent of the soybean crop blooming, pods were being set on 71 percent of the soybean crop, well behind last year’s 94 percent and the normal 89 percent. Soybean condition declined slightly from last week and was rated 5 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 38 percent good and 9 percent excellent.

Illinois: Cool, dry weather continued across most of the state this week, marking the fourth consecutive week of below average temperatures. Statewide temperatures averaged 66.8 degrees, 7.0 degrees below normal. Precipitation across the state averaged 0.20 inches, 0.70 inches below normal. Together, these factors are starting to have a negative impact on crops. The dry conditions and cool temperatures are affecting grain development and delaying crop maturity progress. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture continued to decline and was rated at 11 percent very short, 50 percent short, 38 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 8 percent very short, 35 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn dough reached 70 percent, compared to 96 percent last year and the 5-year average of 78 percent. Corn in the dent stage reached 14 percent, well behind the five-year average of 41 percent. Corn condition was rated at 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming progressed to 93 percent and soybeans setting pods reached 76 percent. Soybean condition was rated at 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

Minnesota: Cooler and drier than normal weather continued in Minnesota during the week ending August 18, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Consecutive sunny days led to 6.7 days suitable for field work, the most of any week this season. Statewide average temperatures were 4 degrees below normal at 64.3 degrees. An average of only 0.10 inch of rain fell statewide, with some regions reporting no rain at all. However, the North Central district received an average of 0.54 inches of rain. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels fell to 52 and 61 percent adequate to surplus, respectively. Seventy-six percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the milk stage, 15 days behind last year. Corn at or beyond the dough stage advanced 20 percentage points to 27 percent, one week behind normal. Corn conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 49 percent good and 11 percent excellent. Ninetyfive percent of the soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, slightly behind the normal 98 percent. Seventy-two percent of soybeans were setting pods, 18 days behind last year. Soybean conditions declined slightly to 59 percent good or excellent.

Indiana: Cool, dry weather prevailed during the week leaving some areas in need of rain, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The recent cool temperatures have slowed the development of the corn crop which may delay harvest later this fall. However, pollination and grain fill have been relatively good this season. The corn and soybean crops are in need of warmer temperatures and a good general rain to help finish the season. Some tobacco is beginning to be cut in southern counties. There were 6.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Nearly all of the corn acreage has tasseled at this point. Fifty-six percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 90 percent last year and 67 percent for the 5-year average. Six percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 55 percent last year and 26 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 76 percent good to excellent compared with 9 percent last year at this time. Ninety-six percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 99 percent last year and 95 percent for the 5-year average. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 92 percent last year and 75 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74 percent good to excellent compared with 20 percent last year.

South Dakota: For the week ending August 18, 2013, below normal temperatures continued across most of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall occurred in the south western part of South Dakota. Statewide, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 23 short, 64 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 26 short, 57 adequate, and 4 surplus. Corn at the dough stage was 65 percent, behind 83 last year but ahead of 50 average. Dent was 5 percent, behind 41 last year and 14 average. Condition rated 5 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 48 good, and 22 excellent. Soybean blooming was 95 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 99 average. Setting pods were 75 percent, behind 92 last year and 85 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 17 excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending August 18, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Cool temperatures and clear skies throughout most of the State allowed hay and oat harvest to continue at a steady pace this week. Although a few areas received a modest rain shower, overall dry conditions were the norm. Corn and soybeans continue to look good, although some worry the recent weather conditions have favored the plant stalk and leaf growth over grain fill. Most agree that warmer temperatures and some additional rain would help the crop along.

 

palmer081913

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