Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Iowa farmers took advantage of another warm and dry week and planted crops at a rapid pace. As corn planting neared completion, farmers were able to focus more on soybean planting. Other activities included spraying crops and cutting hay. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared with 5.1 days the previous week. With areas in Northwest Iowa receiving at least an inch of rain, it was the only district with less than six days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture levels rated 7 percent very short, 37 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6 percent very short, 24 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Corn planting now stands at 98 percent complete. A few farmers have reported having to replant some corn fields damaged by late April showers. Eighty-one percent of the corn crop has emerged, 1 week ahead of normal. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Soybean planting advanced 46 percentage points statewide, and now stands 85 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 69 percent and the five-year average of 60 percent. Farmers in North Central Iowa planted 55 percent of their soybeans during the week, the largest increase in the state. Twenty-six percent of the expected soybean acreage has emerged, ahead of last year’s 16 percent and the five-year average of 13 percent. Twenty percent of the oat crop has headed, almost 3 weeks ahead of normal.
Illinois: Warm and dry conditions across the state last week provided 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Many farmers took advantage of these conditions to continue planting, spraying crops, and cutting hay. Statewide precipitation averaged just 0.04 inches, 0.89 inches below the average and temperatures were at 67.7 degrees, 3.7 degrees above normal. Planted progress for corn has reached 99 percent statewide, 20 points above the 5-year average of 79 percent. Corn emerged has reached 88 percent, 33 points above the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 18 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Soybeans planted increased from 44 percent to 80 percent over the past week, well above the 5-year average of 37 percent. Some fields still left to be planted are too dry to plant until we receive rain. Alfalfa percent first cut now stands at 68 percent, compared to the 5-year average of 19 percent. A significant part of the winter wheat crop has also begun to turn yellow at 45 percent.
Nebraska: For the week ending May 20, 2012, hot, dry, and windy conditions prevailed until showers moved across portions of eastern Nebraska late in the week, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. The above normal temperatures and winds have taken a toll on soil moisture levels, which continue well below last year and normal. Producers have started pivots to aid crop germination and to activate chemicals. Progress in planting spring crops continued ahead of average with corn near completion, soybeans near two weeks ahead of average, and half of the sorghum crop planted. Wheat was 81 percent headed, 19 days ahead of average. Progress of the first cutting of alfalfa was 3 weeks ahead of average. Proso millet and dry bean planting continued. The dry conditions have affected pastures as well, with poorest conditions in northern Panhandle counties. Temperatures averaged 3 degrees above normal in the west to 6 degrees above normal in the east. High temperatures ranged from the mid 90’s to lows of lower 30’s in the Panhandle. Precipitation fell across most areas of the state but accumulation varied widely. The Northeast District received the largest amounts with some locations recording over 1.5 inches of rain. The Panhandle has received near half of normal precipitation since the first of the year. Corn planting neared completion at 98 percent complete, ahead of 91 last year and 92 average. Corn emerged stood at 78 percent, well ahead of 45 last year and 9 days ahead of 49 average. Corn conditions rated 2 percent poor, 20 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent. Soybean planting was 83 percent complete, ahead of 60 last year and 13 days ahead of 54 average. Soybeans emerged were 42 percent, ahead of 15 last year and 12 average.
Missouri: Warm dry weather allowed nearly a week suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply dropped rapidly to 13 percent very short, 44 percent short, 43 percent adequate. The south-central and southeast districts remained greater than 80 percent short and very short, with the northeast nearly one third short and very short and all other districts ranging between 40 and 62 percent short and very short. Ground worked spring tillage was 96 percent, 22 days ahead of last year, and 31 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Corn planted was nearly complete, 3 weeks ahead of last year, and over a month ahead of normal. Emergence was 88 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 19 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Rain was needed to aid plant development. Soybeans planted progressed 28 points from last week to 65 percent, 19 days ahead of last year, and 20 days ahead of normal. Soybeans emerged were 28 percent, 11 days ahead of 2011, and 12 days ahead of normal.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 63.9 degrees, 2.2 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, May 20, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.24 inches, 0.66 inches below normal. There were 107 modified growing degree days, 14 days above normal. Reporters rated 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, May 18, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. The state saw dry and warm weather for most of the week. Operators took advantage by completing a lot of field work. These activities included planting corn and soybeans, baling hay, spraying nitrogen on emerged corn, and applying herbicides. Reporters still indicated that field conditions were still slightly dryer than usual for this time of year and will need rain in the coming weeks for all the newly planted crops. As of Sunday May 20th, the intended corn crop was 94 percent planted, compared to ten percent last year and 60 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 73 percent emerged, compared to two percent last year and 39 percent for the five-year average. Seventy-four percent of soybeans were planted, compared to four percent last year and 37 percent for the five-year average. Thirty-seven percent of soybeans were emerged, compared to one percent last year and 14 percent for the five-year average.
Indiana: Warm, windy days allowed some farmers to finish planting but also placed stress on field crops as topsoil is becoming very dry in many areas, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Emergence of both corn and soybeans has been slow and uneven in some fields due to dry and crusted soils. Farmers were busy spraying herbicides and applying nitrogen to corn. Wheat fields in central and northern areas are shorter than normal which will result in lower straw yields. There were 6.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-seven percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 43 percent last year and 66 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 98 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 98 percent in the central region and 95 percent in the south. Eighty-seven percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 15 percent last year and 42 percent for the 5-year average. Eighty-seven percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 14 percent last year and 35 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 91 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 89 percent in the central region and 75 percent in the south. Sixty-two percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 2 percent last year and 12 percent for the 5-year average.
Minnesota: Warm weather throughout the week allowed producers to make significant planting progress, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of May 20, soybean planting advanced to 81 percent complete, compared to 30 percent last year and 56 percent for the five-year average. Statewide, 6.2 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Dry conditions persisted in most areas of the state, despite scattered showers over the weekend. Statewide average precipitation was 0.6 inch, less than normal in most areas. Topsoil moisture supplies decreased from the previous week and were rated 2 percent very short, 17 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. In the first corn condition ratings of the year, the crop was rated 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 71 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Corn was 76 percent emerged, ahead of 17 percent last year and 46 percent average. Twenty-six percent of the soybean crop was emerged.
South Dakota: The lack of moisture caused concern across parts of the state, as some areas saw high winds and temperatures last week. There were 6.10 days suitable for field work this past week. Major activities last week included; planting of row crops, weed control, caring for livestock, calving and lambing. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Temperatures warmed for the week across the state leading to much warmer than average conditions, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Gusty winds accompanied the warmth helping dry surface soils across much of the state. Spotty heavier precipitation occurred in several places around the state over the weekend, while several other areas received none. Temperatures for the week averaged well into the 60’s for nearly the whole state. These values were 4-11o F above average. The warmest areas above average were in the northeast to east central. Much of the state reached 90o F or better during the week on strong southerly winds ahead of a low pressure area late in the week. The highest temperature reported was 95o F at Centerville and Philip. The lowest reported was 31o F at Custer. The warmer temperatures helped push GDD accumulation well ahead of average again. Accumulations since April 1 are a few days ahead of average across northern areas to 10 days ahead in the east central to southeast. Precipitation was quite variable with Timber Lake in the north and several stations in the east central and southeast receiving over an inch total for the week. Many other locations in the northeast and western areas received a few tenths or less. Madison reported the most for the week at 2.15 inches. Britton, Sisseton and Webster reported no precipitation. Growing season precipitation accumulation is generally above average statewide. The exceptions are in the far southeast and southwest where a few stations are more than an inch below average so far. Soil temperatures warmed with the very warm conditions across the state. Bowdle and Nisland had the low 4 inch soil temperature at 56o F; Oacoma was the warmest at 72o F. Topsoil moisture is rated at 81 percent in adequate to surplus, 16 percent short and 3 percent very short. Subsoil moisture is rated at 79 percent adequate to surplus, 16 percent short and 5 percent very short. Corn conditions are rated at 1 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 12 percent fair, and 86 percent good to excellent. Corn is at 93 percent planted with 64 percent emerged. Soybeans are at 65 percent planted with 20 percent emerged.