Corn Prices Continues to Stem Beef Cattle Market

June 17, 2013 04:29 AM

—Ron Plain and Scott Brown, University of Missouri

USDA has raised their forecast of 2013 beef production to 25.437 billion pounds, up 1.3% from their May forecast, but down 1.8% from the 2012 actual. They are predicting 2014 beef production will be down 5.2% from 2013. The midpoint of their price forecast range for slaughter steers on a live weight basis is $127.50/cwt for 2013 and $132/cwt in 2014.

USDA’s June crop update lowered forecast corn yield by 1.5 bushels per acre to 156.5 and raised the expected seasonal average price by 10 cents per bushel. The midpoints of their price range are $4.80 for corn and $10.75 for soybeans during the upcoming marketing year.

As of June 9, 63% of corn acres were rated in good or excellent condition, the same as the week before, but down from 66% a year ago. 24% of U.S. pastures were rated in poor or very poor condition on June 9, down from 27% a year ago.

During the first 22 weeks of 2013, beef cow slaughter was up 3.7% and dairy cow slaughter was up 3.4% compared to a year ago. During this same period, steer slaughter was down 0.9% and heifer slaughter was down 4.1%.

Fed cattle prices were mixed this week on continued light volume. Through Thursday, the 5-area average price for slaughter steers sold on a live weight basis was $124.21/cwt, up 81 cents from last week and up $4.73 from the same week last year. Steer prices on a dressed basis averaged $194.31/cwt this week, down $1.49 from a week ago, but up $2.99 from a year ago.

This morning, the boxed beef cutout value for choice carcasses was $200.15/cwt, down $1.79 from the previous Friday, but up $1.57 from a year ago. The select carcass cutout is at $183.55/cwt, down 46 cents for the week. The choice-select price spread is $16.60/cwt.

This week's cattle slaughter totaled 644,000 head, the same as last week and 1.7% from a year ago. The average steer dressed weight for the week ending on June 1 was 850 lb., up 4 lb. from the week before and the same as a year ago. This was the first week since Jan. 7, 2012, that steer weights weren’t above the year-earlier level.

Oklahoma City feeder cattle auction prices this week were steady to $3 higher with prices for medium and large frame #1 steers: 400-450 lb. $162, 450-500 lb. $156-$168, 500-550 lb. $157-$171.25, 550-600 lb. $149.50-$161.10, 600-650 lb. $139-$154, 650-700 lb. $137.50-$145.50, 700-750 lb. $128-$138.50, 750-800 lb. $131.75-$138.50, 800-900 lb. $123-$137.75, and 900-1000 lb. $118.25-$125.50/cwt.

The June live cattle futures contract closed at $119.00/cwt today, down $1.12 from last week’s close. The August fed cattle contract lost 90 cents from last Friday to settle at $118.32/cwt. October fed cattle futures settled at $121.87/cwt and December at $124.57/cwt.
August feeder cattle futures settled at $143.40/cwt, down 22 cents for the week. The September contract gained 42 cents from last Friday to close at $146.22/cwt.

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