Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

July 12, 2016 11:21 AM
 
Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

Warmer than normal temperatures blanketed the Nation during the month of June. NOAA ranked this June as having the warmest average temperature on record for the contiguous United States. From the Pacific Coast to the middle Mississippi Valley, average temperatures were especially high for the month. Parts of the Four Corners region and upper Missouri Valley experienced temperatures 6°F above normal. Drier than normal conditions prevailed across many parts of the Nation during June. Notable exceptions occurred in portions of the upper Midwest, Mid-Atlantic States, and Texas. Some areas along the Gulf Coast and West Virginia recorded over 10 inches of precipitation for the month.

Planting of the 2016 corn crop was 98 percent complete by June 5, slightly behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety percent of this year's corn crop had emerged by June 5, slightly ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 12, corn emerged had advanced to 96 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. More than 90 percent of the crop was emerged in all estimating States except Kentucky and Pennsylvania by June 12. Fifteen percent of this year's corn was silking by July 3, five percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 75 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, equal to the percentage rated in these two categories on June 5 but 6 percentage points above the same time last year. Iowa and Illinois, the two largest corn-producing States, were rated at 79 percent and 72 percent, respectively, in good to excellent condition.

Producers had planted 58 percent of this year's sorghum crop by June 5, six percentage points ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting progress was more than 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas and Illinois after the first week of the month. By June 26, ninety-five percent of the Nation's sorghum was planted, 4 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading advanced to 26 percent complete by June 26, six percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Major heading progress was limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, but small percentages of heading were reported in the more northern States of Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and South Dakota by June 26. Twenty-nine percent of the sorghum was at or beyond the heading stage by July 3, six percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 69 percent of the sorghum was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, down 2 percentage points from the first National sorghum crop rating on June 12 but 2 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Thirty-eight percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage by June 5, two percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average By June 19, sixty-eight percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 6 percentage points ahead of last year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading progress was ahead of the 5-year average in all 9 estimating States. Heading of this year's oat crop advanced to 92 percent complete by July 3, three percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Oat heading progress was 46 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in North Dakota and 23 percentage points ahead in Minnesota by month's end. Overall, 67 percent of the oats were reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, down 4 percentage points from the June 5 rating and slightly below the same time last year.

Ninety-three percent of the barley crop was emerged by June 5, six percentage points behind last year but 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was complete in Minnesota at that time. Nationwide, 95 percent of the barley crop had emerged by June 12, five percentage points behind last year but 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-three percent of this year's barley crop was headed by June 19, eight percentage points behind last year but 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading of the Nation's barley crop advanced to 72 percent complete by July 3, six percentage points behind last year but 24 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Dry weather aided crop maturation in North Dakota, with barley heading advancing 30 percentage points during the last week of the month to reach 90 percent complete. Overall, 75 percent of the barley was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, down 3 percentage points from the beginning of the month but 2 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Heading of this year's winter wheat crop advanced to 91 percent complete by June 5, two percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 5, producers had harvested 2 percent of this year's winter wheat crop, slightly behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 12, ninety-six percent of the winter wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, slightly ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress, at 11 percent complete, was 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average by June 12. At least 20 percent of the winter wheat crop was harvested during the second week of June in Arkansas, California, Missouri, and Oklahoma. By July 3, producers had harvested 58 percent of the winter wheat crop, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Despite significant rain in Kansas, producers were able to harvest 21 percent of the winter wheat crop during last the week of the month. The Kansas harvest was 79 percent complete by July 3. Overall, 62 percent of the winter wheat was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, equal to the percentage rated in these two categories on June 5 but 22 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

The Nation's spring wheat crop was 96 percent emerged by June 5, slightly ahead of last year and 18 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 19, twenty-eight percent of the spring wheat was at or beyond the heading stage, 9 percentage points ahead of last year and 14 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Warm weather in the northern Great Plains accelerated heading, which was 28 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Minnesota and 17 percentage points ahead in South Dakota by mid-June. By July 3, seventy-four percent of the spring wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 6 percentage points ahead of last year and 29 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Spring wheat progress remained well ahead of normal in all 5 estimating States. Overall, 72 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, down 7 percentage points from the beginning of the month but 2 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Emergence of the 2016 rice crop was 94 percent complete by June 5, equal to last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-nine percent of the rice crop had emerged by June 12, equal to last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Eight percent of the rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage by June 19, three percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Heading progress was most advanced in Louisiana at 34 percent complete on June 19, fifteen percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By July 3, twenty percent of the rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 2 percentage points behind last year but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Despite slow heading progress during the last week of June, California still remained 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 69 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, up 2 percentage points from the June 5 rating but slightly below the same time last year.

By June 5, eighty-three percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted, 6 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Nationally, 65 percent of the soybean crop had emerged by June 5, five percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 5, North Dakota soybean emergence was 36 percentage points, or about 2 weeks, ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted by June 19, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 19, eighty-nine percent of the soybeans were emerged, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the Nation's soybean crop was emerged by June 26, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 26, nine percent of the soybean crop was blooming, 2 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Progress was most advanced in the Mississippi Delta by June 26, with 62 percent blooming in Louisiana, 49 percent in Arkansas, and 43 percent in Mississippi. By month's end, 22 percent of the soybean crop was blooming, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 70 percent of the soybeans were reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, down 2 percentage points from the June 5 rating but 7 percentage points above the same time last year.

By June 5, producers had planted 90 percent of this year's peanut crop, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Peanut planting advanced to 96 percent complete by June 12, also slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Twenty-one percent of this year's peanut crop was pegging by June 19, nine percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Pegging was 28 percent complete in Georgia by June 19, nineteen percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By July 3, forty-eight percent of the peanut crop had advanced to the pegging stage, 7 percentage points ahead of last year and 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 71 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, compared with 68 percent on June 5 and 73 percent at the same time last year.

By June 5, sunflower producers had planted 61 percent of this year's crop, 17 percentage points ahead of last year and 21 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Sunflower planting progress was rapid in South Dakota during the first week of the month, advancing 20 percentage points to 50 percent complete. Sunflower producers had planted 87 percent of this year's crop by June 19, ten percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seeding was nearly complete in North Dakota, with 98 percent of the crop planted by June 19. By June 26, ninety-seven percent of the sunflower crop was planted, 11 percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By June 5, seventy-five percent of the cotton crop was planted, equal to last year but 9 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 7 percent of the cotton crop was squaring on June 5, slightly ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the cotton was planted by June 19, two percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting delays continued on the central Great Plains during mid-June, with progress 22 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas. Cotton squaring advanced to 22 percent complete by June 19, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 29 percent of the cotton crop was squaring by June 26, two percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Early planting continued to affect squaring progress in Arkansas and Missouri, which were 17 and 24 percentage points ahead of their respective 5-year averages. Six percent of this year's cotton crop was setting bolls by June 26, two percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. Nationally, 42 percent of the cotton crop was squaring by July 3, two percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Double-digit square development was observed in 12 of the 15 estimating States during the last week of the month. Nationally, 11 percent of this year's cotton crop was setting bolls by July 3, two percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. Overall, 56 percent of the cotton was reported in good to excellent condition on July 3, compared with 47 percent on June 5 and 57 percent at the same time last year.

Back to news


 

Comments

 
Spell Check

No comments have been posted to this News Article

Corn College TV Education Series

2014_Team_Shot_with_Logo

Get nearly 8 hours of educational video with Farm Journal's top agronomists. Produced in the field and neatly organized by topic, from spring prep to post-harvest. Order now!

Markets

Market Data provided by QTInfo.com
Brought to you by Beyer
Close