Crops Improve in Iowa, Decline in Eastern Corn Belt

June 26, 2012 01:21 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Even with most of the State receiving rain this past week, there are areas still in need of moisture. Conditions for all crops improved slightly for the week. Spraying was limited as windy conditions prevailed most of the week. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 14 percent very short, 40 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. East Central Iowa is the driest with 78 percent of the topsoil moisture rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture rated 16 percent very short, 44 percent short, 39 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn silking has been reported in every district of the State except North Central Iowa. Corn condition is reported at 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Eight percent of the State’s soybean crop is blooming, with Central and South Central Iowa leading the way with 11 percent. Soybean condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Ninety-eight percent of the oat crop has headed, nearly three weeks ahead of normal.

Illinois: Last week, weather patterns again turned hot and dry throughout the state. Statewide temperature averaged 77.4 degrees, 3.8 above normal and rainfall was almost non-existent with a statewide average of 0.04 inches. This total was 0.94 inches below the historic average. Topsoil moisture continues to be a concern for many. It is currently rated at 43 percent very short, 41 percent short and 16 percent adequate. With the lack of recent rainfall, crops in some areas of the state are showing ongoing signs of moisture stress. Corn conditions were rated at 8 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming has progressed to 11 percent, compared to 1 percent last year and 3 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean conditions were rated at 7 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 24, 2012, above normal temperatures continued with limited precipitation across central and western areas increasing drought severity and stressing dryland crops and pastures, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Corn has begun to pollinate in the Southeast as wheat harvest moved westward across the state. Producers were actively irrigating row crops to offset the hot and dry conditions affecting the state. However, significant rain fall totals were recorded in the eastern third of the state. Areas of the Panhandle had some replanting of dry beans due to hail damage and grasshoppers were also a concern. Pastures were showing little growth and supplemental feeding of livestock was taking place in portions of the state. Temperatures averaged 3 degrees above normal in the Panhandle and southern tier of counties while the central and northern districts averaged 1 degree above normal. Highs reached triple digits in portions of the west and mainly 90's elsewhere. Lows were in the mid 40's. Largest amounts of rain fell in the East Central and Southeast Districts with some areas receiving over 2 inches. However, precipitation totals diminished moving west across the state. Corn silked was 5 percent, compared to 0 last year and average. Corn conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 31 fair, 52 good, and 8 excellent, below last year's 78 percent good to excellent and 79 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 69 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 45. Soybeans blooming were 12 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 1 average. Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 6 excellent, below last year's 80 percent good to excellent and 79 average.

Missouri: The western border of the state received some rainfall last week, but the central and eastern districts remained dry. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture declined to 51 percent very short, 36 percent short, and 13 percent adequate. The central, east-central, and south-central districts were greater than 60 percent very short. Subsoil moisture also declined to 44 percent very short, 41 percent short, and 15 percent adequate. Corn silked was 35 percent, 2 weeks ahead of last year, and 12 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Corn developed to the dough stage in 5 districts. Corn condition was 9 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Five districts rate greater than 1/3 poor to very poor. Soybeans emergence was 93 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 17 days ahead of normal. Soybean blooming and beyond was 4 percent, 9 days ahead of last year and 7 days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was 11 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 24 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 76.8 degrees, 6.1 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, June 24, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.60 inches, 0.27 inches below normal. There were 168 modified growing degree days, 25 days above normal. Reporters rated 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, June 22, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 31 percent very short, 44 percent short, 24 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. June 24th, 2012 Although some part of the state experienced a good amount of rain, reporters stated that there are drought conditions in other parts of the state. The heat and dry weather has been putting significant stress on livestock. The heat and dry weather also hampered growth of corn, soybeans, and hay. Field activities included harvesting wheat and baling hay. As of Sunday June 24th, two percent of corn was silked. The soybean crop was eight percent blooming, compared to two percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Drought conditions have spread over most of the state with 55 counties currently under burn bans, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Indiana’s driest May through June occurred in 1988, when an average of just 2.26 inches of rain fell statewide, according to records dating back to 1930. By comparison, 3.75 inches fell this year from May 1 through June 24th, well ahead of 1988 but only 48 percent of normal. Producers are concerned about corn pollination as the crop begins to tassel under very dry conditions. Wheat harvest continued to move northward with better than expected yields in some areas. More and more livestock operations are beginning to feed hay and grain due to deteriorating pasture conditions. There were 6.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Nine percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition fell again and is now rated 27 percent good to excellent compared with 57 percent last year at this time. Fifteen percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition also fell further and is now rated 24 percent good to excellent compared with 57 percent last year at this time.

Minnesota: Active weather early in the week slowed fieldwork and included heavy rainfall, damaging winds and hail in localized areas, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Rainfall amounts of over 5 inches were reported in Grand Rapids, Aitkin, and Cannon Falls. Duluth received 7.25 inches in a 24-hour period, prompting flood warnings to be issued in northeast and east central areas by the National Weather Service. Southeastern areas received considerable precipitation with an average of 2.84 inches. As of June 24, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 6 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus, compared to 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus the previous week. Statewide temperatures were 1.8° above normal and 3.6 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn condition was rated 2 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 21 percent excellent, with an average height of 34 inches. One percent of the state’s corn was silking, compared to 0 percent for both last year and the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 13 percent excellent, with an average height of 9 inches. Three percent of soybeans were blooming, compared to 0 percent last year and 1 percent average.

South Dakota: With 5.6 days suitable for field work last week, crop progress is still ahead of average but some crop conditions declined with little or no moisture received. Two major issues dominated the weather situation for the week, continued warm temperatures statewide and isolated heavy rain falls, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Temperatures were warmer than average for the third consecutive week. These conditions are now starting to become an issue as more reports of stressed crops are coming forward because of the warmth and widespread dry conditions. Temperatures for the week averaged from the upper 60’s to the mid 70’s. Warm daily temperatures affected most of the state during the week with several stations breaking the 100°F level. The highest temperature was 104o F at Academy. The lowest reported was 37o F at Custer. These high temperatures are now reaching potentially stressful conditions especially in places that are the driest across the state. On Tuesday night into early Wednesday a storm system moved across part of the state dropping an isolated band of heavy precipitation. Areas from southwest to south central had 1-2 inches. Another band from north of Winner to Milbank dropped a narrow strip of 3+ inches. Areas not far from the band received much less rainfall. Watertown had the largest total at 4.37 inches. Five other stations received more than 2 inches from the storm. Nearly half the stations reported a half inch of precipitation or less, most of these being in the northwest to north central part of the state. McIntosh reported the least at 0.08 inches. Topsoil moisture was rated at 49 percent in adequate to surplus, 40 percent short and 11 percent very short. Subsoil moisture was rated at 50 percent adequate to surplus, 35 percent short and 15 percent very short. The hay and row crops saw a decline in conditions this past week. Corn had an average height of 28 inches, ahead of the five year average of 16 inches. Ninety-seven percent of corn had been cultivated or sprayed once with 50 percent cultivated or sprayed twice. Soybeans were at 11 percent blooming, ahead of the five year average of 1 percent. Sunflowers were at 94 percent planted


 

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