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Dec. 10 Crop Production: November Ag Summary

17:23PM Dec 10, 2014

November temperatures were below normal in areas east of the Rocky Mountains with a large band of States from the Dakotas to Alabama recording average temperatures more than 6°F below normal. Conversely, some locations in California recorded temperatures over 3°F above normal. Monthly precipitation totals were below average in most locations across the country with exceptions in the Rocky Mountains, the Southeast, and Texas. A winter storm in the middle of the month led to snow cover in the Northern Plains and the Upper Midwest but major winter wheat producing regions continue to lack protective snow cover for the emerging wheat crop.

With corn development behind normal for most of the 2014 growing season, harvest progress accelerated in November. Nationally, 65 percent of the corn was harvested by November 2, six percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. However, by November 9, eighty percent of the corn was harvested, 2 percentage points behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. This was the first time that the corn harvest pace was not behind the 5-year average during the 2014 growing season, catching up from a 22 percentage point deficit on October 19. Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was harvested by November 23, equal to last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Eighty-three percent of the soybean crop was harvested by November 2, two percentage points behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop was harvested by November 16, equal to last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 97 percent of the Nation's soybean crop by November 23, two percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. The soybean crop was at or above 95 percent harvested in all estimating States by November 23 except Kentucky, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

Ninety-four percent of the sorghum crop was mature by November 2, five percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. By November 2, sixty-five percent of the sorghum crop had been harvested, 9 percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By November 16, eighty-three percent of the sorghum had been harvested, 7 percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 88 percent of the Nation's sorghum crop by November 23, eight percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress in Kansas, the Nation's largest sorghum-producing State, was 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average on November 2 but was nearly caught up to normal levels at 95 percent complete by November 30.

By November 2, producers had sown 90 percent of the Nation's intended 2015 winter wheat acreage, equal to last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 77 percent of the winter wheat had emerged by November 2, slightly ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 83 percent of the winter wheat was emerged by November 9, equal to last year's pace but 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 16, ninety-five percent of the 2015 winter wheat was seeded, 4 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By November 23, ninety-two percent of the Nation's winter wheat was emerged, equal to last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 58 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, slightly below the beginning of the month and 4 percentage points below than the same time last year. Generally States in the Northern Plains had better condition ratings on November 23, like Montana at 70 percent in good to excellent, than States in the Southern Plains, like Texas at 49 percent in good to excellent.

By November 2, fifty percent of the Nation's sunflower crop was harvested, 20 percentage points ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. North Dakota producers surpassed the halfway point for harvest progress at the beginning of the month (54 percent complete), 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 9, seventy percent of the sunflower crop was harvested, 22 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average.

Producers had harvested 86 percent of the Nation's sunflower crop by November 23, eight percentage points ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind of the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 79 percent of the Nation's peanut crop by November 2, three percentage points behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 94 percent of the Nation's peanut crop by November 16, two percentage points behind last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Peanut producers had harvested 97 percent of the Nation's crop by November 23, equal to last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Locations in Georgia saw freezing temperatures throughout the month, stopping the development and accelerating harvest in the State.

Nationwide, 95 percent of the cotton crop had open bolls by November 2, identical to last year's pace but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By November 2, fifty percent of the cotton crop was harvested, 8 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. By November 9, sixty-two percent of the cotton crop was harvested, 8 percentage points ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By November 23, seventy-seven percent of the cotton crop was harvested, equal to last year but 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

By November 2, ninety-four percent of the Nation's sugarbeet acreage had been harvested, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers harvested 22 percent of the sugarbeet crop in both Idaho and Michigan during the first week of the month. By November 9, ninety-eight percent of the Nation's sugarbeet acreage had been harvested, 2 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average.