Dec. 9 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

December 9, 2015 11:21 AM
 
Harvest1

November temperatures were above normal in areas east of the Rocky Mountains with most of the upper Midwest and Florida recording average temperatures more than 6°F above normal. Conversely, areas from the Intermountain Region to the Pacific Coast experienced temperatures over 2°F below normal. Most of the Nation was within 3 inches of normal precipitation for the month. Certain areas in the Northeast, Southwest, and the Dakotas received less than 50 percent of average normal rainfall during the month. In contrast, most of the south central United States and southern Atlantic Coast States received more than 200 percent of their normal November precipitation. 

With warmer-than-normal conditions in the Midwest, the Nation's corn harvest progress remained ahead of the 5-year average until harvest completion in mid-November. Nationally, corn producers had harvested 85 percent of this year's crop by November 1, twenty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Nebraska, farmers harvested 12 percent of their corn for grain during the week ending November 8, advancing the harvest to 87 percent complete, 11 percentage points ahead of last year. By November 15, ninety-six percent of the Nation's corn crop was harvested, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The largest gains in corn harvest progress were observed in Colorado, Michigan, and Wisconsin, where farmers harvested 14, 10, and 11 percent of their crops during the week ending November 15, respectively.

Soybean producers Nationwide had harvested 92 percent of this year's crop by November 1, eleven percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 8, producers had harvested 95 percent of this year's soybean crop, 6 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. With the exception of North Carolina, where a large portion of the soybean crop is grown following winter wheat, harvest was complete or nearing completion in all estimating States by November 8. 

Cotton producers Nationwide had harvested half of this year's crop by November 1, slightly ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Rainy conditions slowed the cotton harvest in Texas, where only 3 percent of the State's crop was harvested during the week ending November 1. Overall, 47 percent of the Nation's cotton crop was rated in good to excellent condition at the beginning of November, slightly below the same time last year. Producers harvested 64 percent of the Nation's cotton crop by November 15, four percentage points behind last year and 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. The greatest advances in cotton harvest progress that week were noted in Arizona, Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Virginia where farmers made double digit gains. Nationally, producers had harvested 80 percent of the cotton crop by November 29, three percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Texas farmers harvested 15 percent of the cotton crop during the last full week of November, bringing the overall total to 75 percent harvested in the State.

Seventy-nine percent of the Nation's sorghum crop was harvested by the beginning of November, 15 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 91 percent of the sorghum crop was harvested by November 15, nine percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Mild, dry weather in Colorado and New Mexico promoted a rapid harvest pace during the week ending November 15. By November 22, sorghum harvest was over 90 percent complete in all estimating States except New Mexico. Nationally, 98 percent of the sorghum crop was harvested by November 29, seven percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. 

By November 1, producers had seeded 88 percent of the 2016 winter wheat crop, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 72 percent of the crop was emerged by November 1, four percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. The crop was 95 percent emerged in South Dakota at the beginning of the month,
20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the Nation's 2016 winter wheat crop was sown by November 22, three percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Winter wheat planted advanced 12 percentage points or more during that week in Arkansas, California, and North Carolina. By November 22, ninety percent of the Nation's winter wheat had emerged, slightly behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. By the end of the month, ninety-three percent of the Nation's winter wheat was emerged, slightly behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. Emergence was complete in Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Nebraska, Ohio, and South Dakota. Overall, 55 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, 3 percentage points below the same time last year. As of November 29, States in the Northern Plains and Great Lakes Region generally had better condition ratings such as Montana at 73 percent good to excellent, than southern States, like Arkansas at 40 percent in good to excellent condition.

By November 1, producers had dug and combined 72 percent of the Nation's peanut crop, 5 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By November 15, producers had harvested 82 percent of this year's peanut crop, 11 percentage points behind last year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Wet conditions allowed only minimal gains in the Alabama and Florida peanut harvest during that week. By mid-November, harvest progress in all estimating States was behind last year's pace. Peanut producers had harvested 93 percent of the Nation's crop by November 29, seven percentage points behind last year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. In all estimating States except South Carolina, peanut harvest was at least 90 percent complete.

Ninety-one percent of this year's sugarbeet crop had been dug by November 1, two percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 96 percent of this year's sugarbeet crop had been dug by November 8, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. In Michigan, warmer conditions during the first part of the month brought a halt
to sugarbeet harvest for pile storage, but harvest resumed on November 7 after temperatures fell and the rain ceased.

Sunflower producers harvested 69 percent of this year's crop by November 1, twenty-two percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 15, sunflower producers had harvested 88 percent of this year's crop, 9 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Above-normal
temperatures and mostly dry conditions supported sunflower harvesting activities in Kansas, where farmers harvested 15 percent of their crop during the week ending November 15. Nationally, 95 percent of the sunflower crop was harvested by November 22, ten percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

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