Dry Weather Aids Spring Wheat Harvest, but Raises Drought Concerns

August 26, 2013 10:32 AM



Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending August 25, 2013, warmer than normal temperatures were received across the state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The hot weather has been beneficial to some areas as it has pushed crop development, especially in row crops. However, continued dry weather has put stress on the row crops. Moisture is needed soon over much of the state to enhance crop development. Statewide, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies declined with 17 percent rated very short, 40 short, 41 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 3 9 short, 48 adequate , and 3 surplus. Spring wheat turning color was 95 percent, behind last year at 100 but near 96 average. Ripe was 60 percent . Harvested was 28 percent, well behind last year’s 94 and 53 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 60 good, and 13 excellent.

Montana: The week ending April 28 began cool, windy and ended warm, windy for most of Montana. Nye received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 0.59 of an inch of moisture. Most other station s reported receiving little to 0.50 of an inch of precipitation . High temperatures ranged from the mid 60s to lower 80s , with the state-wide high temperature of 81 degrees recorded at Miles City . A majority of stations reported lows in the single digits to the lower 20s, the coldest being Cooke City at-11 degrees, followed by West Yellowstone with 3 degrees. Spring and durum wheat plantings have begun, behind last year and the 5 year average, with 12 percent of spring wheat and 1 percent of durum wheat planted. The weather outlook for May 6th through May 12th is for above normal temperatures and near normal precipitation east of the Great Divide .

Minnesota: Mostly dry conditions allowed Minnesota farmers to continue small grain harvest during the week ending August 25, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer than normal temperatures and continued sunny days led to 6.6 days suitable for field work. Statewide average temperatures were 6.7 degrees above normal at 73.5 degrees. An average of 0.31 inch of rain fell statewide, 0.50 inch below normal. The Northwest district was the only region to receive above normal precipitation at 0.90 inch. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels continued to decline and were rated 66 and 56 percent very short or very short, respectively. Nearly all spring wheat has ripened. Spring wheat harvest reached 65 percent complete, nearly catching up to the normal harvesting pace of 66 percent. Spring wheat conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 56 percent good and 10 percent excellent.

South Dakota: For the week ending August 25 , 2013, hot, dry weather in most areas of the state was causing stress on crops, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Dry conditions aided the small grain harvest, but row crops are in need of additional moisture. Major farm activities included harvesting hay, scouting row crops for pests and caring for livestock. Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 34 short, 53 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 34 short, 53 adequate, and 1 surplus. Spring wheat ripe was 98 percent, behind 100 last year and average. Harvested were 75 percent, well behind 100 last year and 91 average.




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