EPA: Clearer Protections for Clean Water Support a Strong Farm Economy

March 25, 2014 08:51 AM

By EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy

ginamccarthyToday, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in partnership with the Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), is taking action to protect the precious waters and natural resources that sustain our way of life.

Water is the lifeblood of American agriculture. The 1930s taught us that enduring lesson. Fueled by historic drought and dryness, the Dust Bowl in the "dirty thirties" plagued the Great Plains and devastated crops and livelihoods. The threat to clean, usable water came to a tipping point in the late 60s and early 70s, when water pollution was so dense, a river in Ohio caught fire.

That’s why, in 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act to protect our rivers, lakes, streams, and wetlands. For more than four decades, the Clean Water Act has safeguarded drinkable water and unspoiled places to hunt, fish, swim, and play. The law didn't just defend the mighty Mississippi or our Great Lakes; it also protected the smaller streams and wetlands that weave together a vast, interconnected system. It recognized that healthy families and farms downstream are beholden to healthy headwaters upstream.

Incredibly, one in three Americans can thank those seasonal, rain-dependent, headwater streams for delivering clean water to drink. From manufacturing and outdoor recreation to farming the fuel, food, and fiber that feed our nation—water is critical to every sector of our economy, accounting for billions in economic productivity.

Unfortunately, over the last decade, the Clean Water Act has been bogged down by confusion. Two complex court decisions narrowed legal protections and muddled everyone’s understanding of what waters are—or are not—covered under the law. Protections have been especially confusing for those smaller, interconnected streams and wetlands.

That’s why our action is so important. Based on sound science and the law, we’re proposing a Clean Water Act rule that clarifies which waters are protected—with an eye toward those vital waters upstream.

Some in the agricultural community might think that this rule will broaden the reach of EPA regulations—but that’s simply not the case. Our proposed rule will not add to or expand the scope of waters historically protected under the Clean Water Act. It will not regulate groundwater or tile drainage systems; and it will not increase regulation of ditches (whether they are irrigation or drainage).

By working arm in arm with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), we made sure we’re addressing farmers’ concerns up front. The rule keeps intact existing Clean Water Act exemptions for agricultural activities that farmers count on. But it doesn’t stop there—it does more for farmers by actually expanding those exemptions. We worked with USDA’s Natural Resource Conservation Service and USACE to exempt 53 additional conservation practices. These practices are familiar to many farmers, who know their benefits to business, the land, and water resources. Conservation is an all-around win.

The bottom line is this: before the rule—producers were uncertain whether they needed certain types of permits (for discharges of dredged or fill material). After the rule—if producers choose to partake in any of the 53 conservation practices detailed in the proposal—they won’t need those permits or pre-approval.

We’ve come a long way since the Dust Bowl—but from Midwestern cornfields to avocados on the coast, recent record-setting droughts have been trampling crops nationwide. Our farmers’ hardships serve as a stark reminder of the importance of water management and clean water protection.

That’s why we need your advice to get this rule right. We’re holding discussions around the country and gathering input to help shape the final rule. Visit www.epa.gov/uswaters to learn more about our proposal and the Clean Water Act.

When President Obama traveled to Fresno, CA to tour a farm hard hit by devastating drought, he acknowledged that although we may not all agree on everything—we can all at least agree that "we can't keep on doing business as usual." Drought resilience and relief go hand in hand with safeguarding our precious water supplies. That’s the goal of this proposed rule: to make Clean Water Act protections clearer; to bolster a strong agricultural economy; and to live up to the high bar set by America’s original conservationists and environmental stewards—our farmers and ranchers.

For More Information
Read the EPA’s Fact Sheet: How the Proposed Waters of the U.S. Rule Benefits Agriculture

EPA Proposes to Clarify When Federal Water Permits are Required
The Obama administration proposed new rules to identify what waterways are subject to federal regulation, a revision that has been opposed by farmers and builders.

Related story: Every Last Drop: A Water Conservation Q&A


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Spell Check

Anderson, SC
3/6/2015 04:39 PM

  Why don't you tell us what you are planning to regulate. We already have State Environmental agencies claiming Confined Animal Operations like poultry are not agricultural activities and therefore not exempt. Why should I as a farmer have to ask for permission to build a pond on my on land on a drain. You say Ag practices are exempt, but the truth is you require farmers to submit a waiver request where the EPA and COE can restrict, denie, are require mitigation measures. EPA has no statue based on law to expand the definition of what a navagable river is. This is all about prejucial interpetation of existing law to forward a political agenda. The EPA quite being about science 40 years ago, it is now all about ideaology.


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