Farm Incomes to Reach Record Levels

September 1, 2011 09:39 PM
Farm Incomes to Reach Record Levels

By Jennifer Stewart, Purdue University

High worldwide grain demand coupled with lower-than-expected yields means U.S. farmers can look forward to a record-high farm income total from the 2011 crop, according to a new U.S. Department of Agriculture report.
In the Farm Sector Income Forecast released Tuesday (Aug. 30), USDA's Economic Research Service projected the total U.S. farm income will reach $103.6 billion, up 31% from last year's total. The previous farm income record was $84.7 billion in 2004.
"These are not just records, but records that are substantially higher than we've seen before," said Chris Hurt, Purdue Extension agricultural economist.
Both crop and livestock revenues are up in 2011, but Hurt said the income totals don't tell the whole story. Input costs are on the rise, as well.
"USDA estimates producers have put 15% more into the cost of inputs," he said. "So, we have crop revenues up 20% and livestock up 16%. That says profit margins expanded in 2011."
Livestock receipt increases were led by a 27% increase in dairy and an 18% increase in beef cattle.
The biggest drivers in crop revenue increases have been corn demand generated by ethanol production and soybean exports to China. Corn receipts in 2011 should reach $62 billion nationally, up 39% from 2010. Soybean receipts will be up 17.5% , at a total of $39 billion.
Hurt said that's good news for producers in the Eastern Corn Belt, where corn and soybeans make up the two largest agricultural commodities. While specific state-by-state projections weren't available in this report, he said he expects Indiana won't be left out of the record-high farm incomes.
Indiana's previous farm income record was $3.2 billion statewide in 2008.
"Some rough estimates suggest we will exceed the previous record in Indiana," Hurt said. "We could get close to the $4 billion mark in total farm income in the state."
On average, low crop yields will be more than compensated for by record-high prices. Unfortunately, however, uncooperative weather and sharply reduced yields on some farms mean not all Eastern Corn Belt crop farmers will have record incomes. And, with high feed prices, some livestock producers also will be feeling the financial pinch that will continue into 2012.
According to Hurt, the income outlook for the livestock sector in general for 2012 is going to be weaker because the expensive 2011 crop will be the feed supply for most of 2012.
"We see high feed costs, and right at this point we're looking for milk and poultry prices to come down a bit, while beef and pork prices will stay fairly stable," he said. "That says revenues may be down somewhat on livestock in 2012, but costs – particularly feed – will be up. We think the animal profit margins will be very close to flat with no real profit potential across the livestock sector in 2012."
Grain farmers also will see profit margins shrink for the 2012 crops as grain prices drop slightly and input costs increase an estimated 20%. Even so, Hurt said the 2012 crops should still be profitable – just not quite as profitable as 2011.
"The 2011 profitability and incomes likely will hold as records for several years to come," he said.
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Spell Check

9/2/2011 01:10 PM

  See there you go, you say things like recornd incomes. Not in many places is this true of this year. And yet , input prices seem to increase every year, by the least 20% but more regular 35 to 45% This is a sad game.

9/4/2011 03:54 PM

  Jennifer, You should interview some farmers in the midwest that are in the middle of this huge drought. If you get your info from a USDA report, that says something in itself. Nothing about predicting ones income when a crop hasn't even been cut yet.

9/6/2011 03:09 AM

  Funny how you claim that farmers are going to have record income levels. I don't know where or how you get you're numbers, but unless they own land they aren't making much. Rent levels, fertilizer, chemical, and seed prices have taken most if not all of the money. Those that rent ground aren't making anymore, but are getting to take enough risk to break them with one move in the market. Why not do an article on the risk most of these farmers are seeing. Many farmers will disapear over the next 3 years do to this. Guess you consider less better.


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