Former CRP Acres Available for 2014 Crop Year: 1.713 Million

January 24, 2014 03:29 AM
 

Only three states have 100,000 acres or more of now-former CRP acres available for 2014 planting.


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A total of 1,712,979 acres of land formerly enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) are currently listed as available for the 2014 crop year, according to data from USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA).

Here’s a breakdown of the data as of Oct. 31, 2013:

 

CHANGE IN CRP ACREAGE FROM 9/30/2013 TO 10/31/2013
(Data as of October, and will change during the FY)

 

State

 

Acres

as of

9/30/13  a/

Expired 9/30/13

New Lands Enrolled
b/

Attrition

c/

Enrolled
as of

10/31/13
d/

Change
from

9/30/13

Left CRP
e/

 

Total

Re-enrolled

Not Re-enrolled

 

US

26,838,721

3,303,814

1,610,659

1,693,150

473,422

19,826

25,599,168

-1,239,558

1,712,979

a/ Includes the land under contracts that expired 9/30/2013.

 

b/ Includes general and continuous with contracts starting 10/1/2013-10/31/2013.

 

c/ Land that exited CRP before "normal" contract expiration date (could be due to a number of reasons).

 

d/ Enrollment 9/30/2013 (col. B) less land not re-enrolled (col. E) plus new lands enrolled (col F.) less attrition (col. G).

 

e/ Sum of expiring land that was not re-enrolled and land lost through attrition.  This land could be cropped in the 2014 crop year.

 
                       

 

The following map shows the location of the acres in the CRP program as of Nov. 1, 2013:

01 24 14 nov2013crpacres

Other CRP notes:

Only three states have 100,000 acres or more of now-former CRP ground available for the 2014 growing season – Montana (273,407), North Dakota (177,832) and Texas (140,551).  Several states are close to that level, including Missouri (97,897), Washington (96,407), Kansas (91,847), Iowa (91,408), Colorado (86,736), Illinois (84,541) and Minnesota (81,326).

Only two states had more than a 100,000 acre decrease in the level of acres in the CRP – Montana (234,392) and North Dakota (137,302).  

Six states had a net increase in the level of acres enrolled in CRP as of Oct. 31, 2013 compared to Sept. 30, 2013 – New Mexico (20,995), Oregon (5,397), Wyoming (1,802), Utah (1,065), Vermont (66) and West Virginia (54).

Currently, with no authority to enroll any new CRP acres, either via a general signup or the continuous signup, the level of acres in the program will change little from the current 25.559 million until a new farm bill is enacted or the 2008 Farm Bill is extended once again.

With the new farm bill seen reducing the acreage cap for CRP acres to 24 million from the current 32 million by FY 2018, it will not take long for the program to fall under that level.

Here’s a look at the level of CRP acres expiring for the next five years:

Expiring as of Sept. 30:

Acres

2014

1,760,887

2015

1,276,899

2016

676,731

2017

2,053,947

2018

1,086,997

 

Comments: With lawmakers poised to approve a new farm bill, it’s not likely that the expirations in 2014 will drop the program under the expected legislated threshold as there will be new acres likely enrolled in the program via the continuous and/or general signup process. Over the last three years, around half of the acres expiring from the program have garnered a new CRP contract with just over 670,000 new acres enrolled annually over that period. The wildcard in the situation appears to be the "attrition" category which was just over 19,000 acres as of Sept. 30, 2013, but more than 200,000 acres in for the periods ending Sept. 30 in 2011 and 2012. Bottom line: The level of CRP acres has been on a downward trajectory since Sept. 30, 2007, when there were 36.771 million acres in the program.

 

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