Harvest 2010: Speed and Yields

September 21, 2010 04:35 AM

If you’ve been thinking harvest is flying by, you’re right. 

Nearly 70 percentage points of U.S. corn in the 18 major growing states is mature, according to USDA. This compares to a five-year average of 48. Needless to say, the U.S. corn crop is maturing fast and is ready for harvest. 
A handful of states are more than halfway finished with their corn harvest, while several others aren’t far behind.
Here’s who is winning the harvest race:
Corn Harvested - Selected States
[These 18 States harvested 94% of the 2009 corn acreage]
                :               Week ending               :             
      State     :September 19,:September 12,:September 19,:  2005-2009  
                :    2009     :    2010     :    2010     :   Average   
                :                        percent                        
Tennessee ......:     12            72            84            49      
North Carolina .:     53            67            82            58      
Kentucky .......:     11            54            68            31      
Texas ..........:     69            50            57            70      
Kansas .........:      7            28            39            23      
Illinois .......:      1            18            38            12      
Missouri .......:     10            23            34            32      

Out of the states that are progressing well with harvest, many are running way ahead of schedule. Kentucky, for example, is 68 percentage points complete with harvest this year, 37 points ahead of their five-year average of 31. Similarly, Tennessee is 84 percentage points complete for 2010 harvest, a 35 point increase over their five-year average of 49.

In comparison, Texas is normally around 70% complete with harvest by this time. But this year, they are only 57% complete.
So, with harvest speeding by this year, how are the yields? Here are reports from six different states that were submitted to AgWeb’s Crop Comments.
Mercer County: Started picking corn last week on the 14th. Early yields in our area are very disappointing. Started a field of corn on corn, with 105 day corn on ends and it is only averaging about 160 at this point. I hope it gets better as we get into the field and get into the 113 day corn. Moisture is still at around 20%.
Fulton/Miami counties: Ran the plot 9/15 and we were presently surprised. Seven different waxy numbers from 99 day to 114 day, with yielded 149 to 199 bu./acre.  Moisture 15% to 24%; Test Wt. 54-58 lbs. 
Cedar County: Just completed 100 acres of corn over the weekend and yields are down 30-40 bushels. Most corn is coming in at 170-180 bu./acre on ground that over the past 5 years has been 200 - 230. Moisture is anywhere from 17% - 20% depending on where you are in the field.
Allen County: Yields seem to be varying from around 85 – 92bpa to some impressive 125-198bpa.  The corn harvest is approximately 82% competed with some ground already worked and being prepped for wheat.
Buffalo County: Started harvesting 105 day corn Thursday and Friday.  Corn very even through the field with the first 48 acres yielding 203 and between 18-19% moist.  Yield is dry wt.  Would like to get another 50 acres out before starting on beans about Wed.  Looks like the longer season corn will be very good in this area and beans should be record yields.  Test wt on corn is much better than last year! 
Putnam County: We started corn harvest. Corn yielding 150 to 170 bu./acre. Beans are at 45 to 65. Some beans have been harvested.


What about you? How are your yields? E-mail in your report to CropComments@agweb.com!

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Spell Check

9/21/2010 02:12 PM

  Hill ground in Mid Missouri is pretty impressive to the thoughts we had going into harvest. Flat/Bottom ground is pretty poor. Bottom Ground is avg anywhere - 130-190. In the hills running 150-200. (This is based on people ive talked to and what we are experiencing.) Harvest is in full run, few people starting to cutting beans now.


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